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119 items
Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-50)
doc Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-50)
Memo from J.R. Deane to John McCloy officially rescinding the previous order to evacuate Hawaiian Japanese to the mainland. This new order states that any person of Japanese ancestry "considered as potentially dangerous to national security" will be interned in Hawaii.
Memo Re: General DeWitt's report on the Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-75)
doc Memo Re: General DeWitt's report on the Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-75)
Memo from Francis Biddle to Harold Ickes on DeWitt's Final Report. Biddle informs Ickes that parts of DeWitt's report have been refuted by the Federal Communications Commission. Suggests that the information the government received about ship-to-shore signaling and other sabotage was inaccurate.
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
doc Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer summarizing a previous message sent to General Delos Emmons about evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Outlines four major problems with evacuation to the mainland, including legal complications, lack of resources, and potential for tensions between Hawaiian and mainland Japanese. Advises Emmons to reconsider evacuation program.
Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-51)
doc Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-51)
Memo from General Emmons to John McCloy on nisei in the military. Gives statistics on Nisei in the military in Hawaii and suggests that even though they stopped accepting Nisei in the military creating an all-Nisei combat unit would improve security issues in Hawaii. Emmons says that 300 Nisei already volunteered, an indication of potential success …
Memo:
doc Memo: "Summary of Report on Loyal West Coast Japanese" (ddr-densho-67-8)
Memorandum from John Franklin Carter summarizing Curtis Munson's reports regarding the Japanese Americans on the West Coast.
Memo to Francis Biddle from Congressman Ward Johnson (ddr-densho-67-128)
doc Memo to Francis Biddle from Congressman Ward Johnson (ddr-densho-67-128)
Memo to Francis Biddle from California Congressman Ward Johnson urging immediate incarceration of Japanese Americans.
Letter to President Roosevelt from Elmer Davis (ddr-densho-67-82)
doc Letter to President Roosevelt from Elmer Davis (ddr-densho-67-82)
Letter to President Roosevelt from Elmer Davis. Davis suggests that President Roosevelt publicly respond to allegations that the war is racial. Also suggests that the President open voluntary enlistment to the evacuees. Seems concerned about Japanese propaganda in Asia, which also calls the war a "racial war." Davis urges the President to consider intelligence reports of …
Report:
doc Report: "A War-Time Problem: The Japanese in Hawaii" (ddr-densho-67-63)
Extensive report based mainly on observations and U.S. census materials. Argues that Japanese are a threat to military security in Hawaii and something must be done to handle the situation. Presents a number of facts that he thinks support this, analyzes these facts, and suggests possible plans. These include total evacuation of certain areas, creation of …
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons (ddr-densho-67-55)
doc Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons (ddr-densho-67-55)
Letter from Col. William Scobey to Gen. Delos Emmons on the status of Japanese Americans on mainland. Discusses failure of voluntary induction in the army due to "resentment" and "anti-American" kibei and issei. Mentions segregation of loyals and disloyals as not happening because of lack of space. Suggests to Emmons that these complications have prevented evacuation …
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
doc Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson discussing possibility of evacuation. Biddle states that the Department of Justice has no authority to evacuate American citizens and legal problems could arise if the army chooses to evacuate. Urges Stimson to consider his suggestions before he makes a decision.
Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
doc Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
Letter from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to Francis Biddle on radio signaling as described in DeWitt's Final Report. The FCC reviewed their records and found that there was no evidence of any illegal signaling during Dec. 1941 - July 1942. The FCC also refuted two other things that DeWitt told Biddle justifying evacuation - the …
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
doc Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle regarding evacuation. Hoover assesses the situation on the West Coast due to the pending Executive Order. Concludes that although mass removal is based on race hysteria, Japanese Americans still pose a threat because of their loyalty to Japan. Suggests that in the case of an …
Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-103)
doc Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-103)
Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling on DeWitt's final report and the Korematsu brief. States that the Department of War and the Department of Justice are fighting over a footnote in the Korematsu brief that mentions the Final Report. They eventually compromise in order to reduce departmental tension.
C.B. Munson's
doc C.B. Munson's "Report and Suggestions Regarding Handling Japanese Question on the Coast" (ddr-densho-67-5)
Suggestions in this report include accepting nisei into the war effort and defense industries, and putting responsibility for behavior and food production on nisei groups and leaders.
Harper's Magazine article:
doc Harper's Magazine article: "Japanese in America: the Problem and Solution" (ddr-densho-67-129)
Harper's magazine article written by an Intelligence officer. He describes evacuation and internment, critiques internment and says that most of the internees are loyal.
Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 2 of 4 (ddr-one-5-154)
doc Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 2 of 4 (ddr-one-5-154)
Photocopy of a declassified report detailing the reasoning behind the recommendation that Dr. Keizaburo Koyama be interned as an alien enemy. The second page presents as evidence his involvement with the Sokoku Kai [Fatherland Society]. The FBI felt that this lead to a "sense of loyalty and subservience to the Imperial Government of Japan." The FBI …
Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 2 of 4. (ddr-one-5-170)
doc Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 2 of 4. (ddr-one-5-170)
Photocopy of a declassified file on Keizaburo Koyama by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. This page goes into greater detail the reasoning for interning Koyama. The FBI has labeled the Fatherland Society as "one of the most aggressive and active of the Japanese nationalist organizations...It's members are selected by reason of their intense loyalty and belief …
Court order on the internment of Keizaburo Koyama (ddr-one-5-163)
doc Court order on the internment of Keizaburo Koyama (ddr-one-5-163)
Photocopy of a declassified court order stating that Keizaburo Koyama, having been found to be an enemy alien, be interned immediately.
Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 3 of 4 (ddr-one-5-155)
doc Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 3 of 4 (ddr-one-5-155)
Photocopy of a declassified report detailing the reasoning behind the recommendation that Dr. Keizaburo Koyama be interned as an alien enemy. This page continues with the assessment of the Japanese Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber felt it was under FBI investigation in 1940 and someone there suggested they conduct their meetings in secret. The report states …
Reconsideration page 2 of 2 (ddr-one-5-162)
doc Reconsideration page 2 of 2 (ddr-one-5-162)
Photocopy of a declassified document labeled "RECONSIDERATION." The writer states that he would have recommended parole based on he and his family being Methodist and his son a member of the Boy Scouts, but due to his membership in Sokoku Kai, he believes that Keizaburo Koyama should be interned.
Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 1 of 4. (ddr-one-5-169)
doc Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 1 of 4. (ddr-one-5-169)
Photocopy of a declassified file on Keizaburo Koyama by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The document speaks on Koyama's hearing at Fort Missoula, Montana and being found to be an enemy alien. The decision was based largely on Koyama having a subscription to the magazine put out by the Sokoku Kai. The panel felt that his …
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