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116 items
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
doc Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-67-54)
Memo from William P. Scobey to Dillon Myer summarizing a previous message sent to General Delos Emmons about evacuating Hawaiian Japanese. Outlines four major problems with evacuation to the mainland, including legal complications, lack of resources, and potential for tensions between Hawaiian and mainland Japanese. Advises Emmons to reconsider evacuation program.
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
doc Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-52)
Two messages to General Emmons from John McCloy requesting information on the 400 evacuated Japanese. Very concerned with whether Hawaiian Japanese should be isolated or permitted contact with mainland Japanese. Indicates a belief that Hawaiian Japanese will infect mainland Japanese. McCloy also asks Emmons if he can stop evacuation without compromising security. Evacuated Japanese prove to …
Letter to General DeWitt from Gov. E. P. Carville about Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-72)
doc Letter to General DeWitt from Gov. E. P. Carville about Japanese evacuation (ddr-densho-67-72)
Letter to General DeWitt from Gov. E. P. Carville about Japanese evacuation. Gov. Carville is concerned that the "enemy aliens" would be let loose in his state. He would allow Japanese in his state only if they were put in "concentration camps."
Letter by John L. DeWitt:
doc Letter by John L. DeWitt: "Separation of Kibei from Nisei" (ddr-densho-67-26)
Letter written by John. L. DeWitt, Lieutenant General U.S. Army, to Chief of Staff, U.S. Army. Recommends the segregation of Kibei and Issei from Nisei, and steps taken toward the eventual repatriation of some of the Kibei and Issei.
Memo from Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Secretary of War (ddr-densho-67-13)
doc Memo from Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Secretary of War (ddr-densho-67-13)
Memo regarding the encouraging of Americanization in the Army. FDR states separate, race-based battalions or units should be formed on a case-by-case basis, and limited to cases where political advantages are to be gained.
Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-53)
doc Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy (ddr-densho-67-53)
Memo from Lt. Hall to John McCloy on possible consequences of evacuating and repatriating Hawaiian Japanese. Namely that they will either come into contact with enemy spies on the mainland or they will go back to Japan with crucial information. Suggests waiting four months before evacuating and repatriating and after that confining them to "concentration camps." …
Letter to Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-95)
doc Letter to Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-95)
Letter to New York Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt on Italians and Germans in the U.S. In response to a letter from Lehman, Roosevelt assures him that there will be no evacuation of German or Italian aliens/Americans.
Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-114)
doc Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-114)
Memo from Edward Ennis to Paul Freund on DeWitt's Final Report. Ennis does not want the government to use the report to justify internment because of all the false statements in it.
Letter by John L. DeWitt:
doc Letter by John L. DeWitt: "Separation of Kibei from Nisei" (ddr-densho-67-28)
Letter written by J.L. DeWitt, Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, to the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army. Urges segregation of the Kibei and Issei from the Nisei in the concentration camps, citing deteriorating morale in the camps and influence of "disloyal" sentiment.
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
doc Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson discussing possibility of evacuation. Biddle states that the Department of Justice has no authority to evacuate American citizens and legal problems could arise if the army chooses to evacuate. Urges Stimson to consider his suggestions before he makes a decision.
Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
doc Letter from the FCC to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-76)
Letter from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to Francis Biddle on radio signaling as described in DeWitt's Final Report. The FCC reviewed their records and found that there was no evidence of any illegal signaling during Dec. 1941 - July 1942. The FCC also refuted two other things that DeWitt told Biddle justifying evacuation - the …
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
doc Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle regarding evacuation. Hoover assesses the situation on the West Coast due to the pending Executive Order. Concludes that although mass removal is based on race hysteria, Japanese Americans still pose a threat because of their loyalty to Japan. Suggests that in the case of an …
Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-103)
doc Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-103)
Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling on DeWitt's final report and the Korematsu brief. States that the Department of War and the Department of Justice are fighting over a footnote in the Korematsu brief that mentions the Final Report. They eventually compromise in order to reduce departmental tension.
C.B. Munson's
doc C.B. Munson's "Report and Suggestions Regarding Handling Japanese Question on the Coast" (ddr-densho-67-5)
Suggestions in this report include accepting nisei into the war effort and defense industries, and putting responsibility for behavior and food production on nisei groups and leaders.
Harper's Magazine article:
doc Harper's Magazine article: "Japanese in America: the Problem and Solution" (ddr-densho-67-129)
Harper's magazine article written by an Intelligence officer. He describes evacuation and internment, critiques internment and says that most of the internees are loyal.
doc "Japanese on the West Coast" (ddr-densho-122-552)
Incomplete copy of the Munson Report, concluding that there is "no Japanese 'problem' on the Coast"
doc "Report on the Japanese Question" (ddr-densho-122-558)
Report submitted by Kenneth Ringle to Chief of Naval Operations for 11th Naval Distrct, arguing against mass incarceration of Japanese Americans
Memo to Mr. Eisenhower at WRA from Mike Masaoka (ddr-densho-122-711)
doc Memo to Mr. Eisenhower at WRA from Mike Masaoka (ddr-densho-122-711)
Defining status of Kibei and Nisei family, and supporting segregation of Japanese Americans
American-made refugees (ddr-densho-381-3)
doc American-made refugees (ddr-densho-381-3)
A report compiling reasons why the forced evacuation of Japanese-Americans from the West Coast was unnecessary and motivated by war hysteria. The report also brings up questions about the constitutionality of the evacuation, in addition to spelling out the effects the evacuation has had in terms of human suffering and economic losses. The report concludes with …
The Evacuation of the Japanese During World War II (ddr-densho-390-141)
doc The Evacuation of the Japanese During World War II (ddr-densho-390-141)
An essay describing the evacuation of Japanese and Japanese Americans during World War II, including a list a recommended further readings.
Intelligence memo:
doc Intelligence memo: "Individuals Blacklisted by Nisei" (ddr-densho-274-24)
Intelligence memo on individuals in the Japanese American community reported to be "suspicious" by other Japanese Americans. Information was provided by a handful of nisei informants, whose opinions were "possibly...colored by personal feelings or desire for gain."
Transcript of internment hearing (ddr-densho-314-1)
doc Transcript of internment hearing (ddr-densho-314-1)
Besides the transcript of the internment hearing, this document also includes Kasuichi Takanishi's warrant of arrest.
Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 3 of 4. (ddr-one-5-171)
doc Federal Bureau of Investigation Case file for Keizaburo Koyama. Page 3 of 4. (ddr-one-5-171)
Photocopy of a declassified file on Keizaburo Koyama by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The report notes that cannot verify if the FBI actually had the Japanese Association under surveillance, but the secretive activities of the group warranted greater scrutiny. The FBI does not find Koyama to be a Japanese leader, but his continued financial support …
Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 1 of 4 (ddr-one-5-153)
doc Department of Justice Alien Enemy Hearing Board Report and Recommendation page 1 of 4 (ddr-one-5-153)
Photocopy of a declassified report detailing the reasoning behind the recommendation that Dr. Keizaburo Koyama be interned as an alien enemy. The first page notes those individuals that wrote on his behalf, but since their letters were not in affidavit form, they failed to comply with the Department's regulations for the conduct of alien hearings. As …
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