Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

Military Intelligence Service (539)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

539 items
Signing of peace treaty (ddr-densho-179-53)
img Signing of peace treaty (ddr-densho-179-53)
Japanese army and navy representatives from Amami and Miyako-shima for the signing of the peace treaty at the 10th Army Headquarters in Okinawa.
Civilian internment camp (ddr-densho-179-151)
img Civilian internment camp (ddr-densho-179-151)
Noon hour assembly for daily news and briefing of civilian internment camp.
Bronze Star presentation ceremony (ddr-densho-107-24)
img Bronze Star presentation ceremony (ddr-densho-107-24)
Front row (L to R): Lt. Roy Nakada, unknown, T/Sgt Roy Matsumoto, unknown, unknown, Lt. George Nakamura, S/Sgt. John Morozumi. Back row: All are unknown.
Japanese American artist (ddr-densho-114-165)
img Japanese American artist (ddr-densho-114-165)
Original caption: Tec 3 Robert Tamura, Nisei Japanese of Los Angeles, Calif., artist and art editor of the "A Tiscope" unit newspaper of the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Toyko, Japan, draws cover for weekly newspaper. This newspaper provides the section with information of local entertainment, announcements in and ...
MIS Language School class portrait (ddr-densho-114-560)
img MIS Language School class portrait (ddr-densho-114-560)
Military Intelligence Service Language School classroom portrait.
Nisei interpreter questioning a witness for the war crimes trials (ddr-densho-114-167)
img Nisei interpreter questioning a witness for the war crimes trials (ddr-densho-114-167)
Original caption: Tec 3 Ben Oshita (left) of Salt Lake City, Utah, interpreting the questions of Capt. Arthur A. Sandusky, staff attorney, asked of a possible prosecution witness for the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, in the Ministry of War Building, Tokyo, Japan. Miss Lenore Scott is the stenographer for the inquisition. This is ...
Nisei interpreters with
img Nisei interpreters with "Merrill's Marauders" (ddr-densho-114-5)
Original caption: Burma. Left, Tec Sgt. Herbert Miyasaki, Paauild, Hawaii, right, Tec Sgt. Akiji Yoshimira, Colusa, Cal., American-Japanese interpreter with Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill's Infantry troops in Northern Burma. 1 May 1944.
Surrender of Japanese forces (ddr-densho-114-175)
img Surrender of Japanese forces (ddr-densho-114-175)
Surrender of Japanese forces on one of the Pacific Islands.
Switchboard operators (ddr-densho-114-161)
img Switchboard operators (ddr-densho-114-161)
Original caption: Two Nisei Japanese operate telephone switchboard for the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Tokyo, Japan. 9-3-46
Nisei soldier painting a sign (ddr-densho-114-154)
img Nisei soldier painting a sign (ddr-densho-114-154)
Original caption: Pfc. Taka Oka, Nisei Japanese sign-painter for the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, prepares a sign announcing the weekly dance. He is from Seattle, Wash., and a member of the Allied occupation forces in Japan. 9-3-46.
Nisei linguists (ddr-densho-114-559)
img Nisei linguists (ddr-densho-114-559)
Nisei linguists marching to Japanese class at the Military Intelligence Service Language School.
Nisei translators (ddr-densho-114-176)
img Nisei translators (ddr-densho-114-176)
Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS), Tokyo.
Radio repairman (ddr-densho-114-141)
img Radio repairman (ddr-densho-114-141)
Original caption: Tec 4 M. Mori of Chicago, Ill., radio repairman with the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, works at repairing a radio in the repair shop. 9-3-46.
Nisei linguists (ddr-densho-114-144)
img Nisei linguists (ddr-densho-114-144)
Original caption: Capt. R. W. Pedlow of Chester, Pa., right, and Tec 3 James Iso of San Jose, Calif., Nisei, left, are attached to the G2 Liaison section, Allied Translation and Interpreter section, GHQ, Army Forces in the Pacific, Nippon Yusen Kaisha Bldg., Tokyo, Japan. They are responsible for furnishing qualified Nisei interpreters and translators needed ...
Nisei clerk (ddr-densho-114-148)
img Nisei clerk (ddr-densho-114-148)
Original caption: Miss Yukie Konai, Nisei clerk-typist, Special Service, GHQ, Army Forces in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, locates a rest area for a GI. She came to Tokyo from New York City in 1940 and was forced to remain until the conclusion of the war. When her citizenship was reinstated, she secured a position in the ...
Nisei librarian (ddr-densho-114-159)
img Nisei librarian (ddr-densho-114-159)
Original caption: Pfc. Al Y. Kimoto (left) Nisei Japanese librarian of the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, assists Pfc. Paul S. Hasegawa of the 3d Detachment, with his choice of reading material in the library which is under the jurisdiction of the Information and Education Section. 9-3-46.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-325-122)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-325-122)
Sumito Horiuchi on left with another Nisei soldier.
Ken Kaneshiro in uniform (ddr-densho-328-339)
img Ken Kaneshiro in uniform (ddr-densho-328-339)
Caption in album: "1947 / Ken Kaneshiro of Hawaii."
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-325-134)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-325-134)
Sumito Horiuchi posing in front of chalkboard at Military Language School at Fort Snelling, Minnesota. The front is inscribed "Hisa, Your Sincerely Sumito Horiuchi". On the back of the photograph is written "Sumito Horiuchi Fort Snelling - 1945".
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
"U.S. Court Hears Status of 5,500 Nisei" (p. 1), "Seeks Passage of Claims Bill" (p. 1), "M.I.S. Grads Total 2,675 in Monterey" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 31 (April 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-100)
"Brief Raps Calif. Bill "Sheer' Bias" (p. 1), "Resignation of President Rojo from Local 7 Stirs Up Confusion Among Cannery Workers' Ranks" (p. 1), "U.S. Intelligence Officer Lauds Work of Nisei GI's in Japan War" (p. 1).
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