Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

Military Intelligence Service (544)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

544 items
Japanese soldier shot in an escape attempt (ddr-densho-179-161)
img Japanese soldier shot in an escape attempt (ddr-densho-179-161)
During an escape attempt, this Japanese soldier was shot by U.S. Marine patrol.
Painting and calligraphy done by a Japanese prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-202)
doc Painting and calligraphy done by a Japanese prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-202)
Given to a Nisei soldier with the U.S. Military Intelligence Service who was interrogating Japanese prisoners in Okinawa.
Signing of peace treaty (ddr-densho-179-55)
img Signing of peace treaty (ddr-densho-179-55)
Japanese army and navy representatives from Amami and Miyako-shima for the signing of the peace treaty at the 10th Army Headquarters in Okinawa.
Drawing done by a prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-184)
doc Drawing done by a prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-184)
Given to a Nisei soldier with the U.S. Military Intelligence Service who was interrogating Japanese prisoners in Okinawa.
Okinawan civilians (ddr-densho-179-157)
img Okinawan civilians (ddr-densho-179-157)
A group of Okinawans marching out to the fields to haul in the day's provisions.
Drawing done by a Japanese prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-209)
doc Drawing done by a Japanese prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-209)
Given to a Nisei soldier with the U.S. Military Intelligence Service who was interrogating Japanese prisoners in Okinawa.
Calligraphy done by a Japanese prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-208)
doc Calligraphy done by a Japanese prisoner of war (ddr-densho-179-208)
Given to a Nisei soldier with the U.S. Military Intelligence Service who was interrogating Japanese prisoners in Okinawa.
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 24 (April 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-10)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 24 (April 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-10)
"Nisei Vets Will Choose Officers Fri." (p. 1), "Seek MILS Men" (p. 1), "Urge Repeal in U.S. of Alien Status" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 25 (December 20-27, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 25 (December 20-27, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-51)
Special holiday issue organized into sections A 1-24 and B 1-24. Selected article titles: "Tributes to the Nisei GIs" (pp. A-1, A-3-A-12), "During World War 2: Military Intelligence Trains 6,000 Nisei" (pp. A-1, A-11-A-12, A-14), "Antidote for Pearl Harbor Myths" (pp. A-1, A-16-A-17), and "Constitution of the National Japanese American Citizens League (Amended as of 1962)" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2052 (July 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2052 (July 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-28)
Selected article titles: "Mineta Lauds Nisei MIS Role During WW2 in Pacific Theater" (pp. 1, 7), "Major Cutback in Whaling Approved" (p. 1), "J. William Fulbright Says: Japan Acquires Secret for Humanity: Make Cultural Development, Not War" (p. 2), and "Ex-Kamikaze Pilot Teaches English to Foreign Students at Michigan State" (p. 8).
Nisei soldier being interviewed (ddr-densho-107-33)
img Nisei soldier being interviewed (ddr-densho-107-33)
S/Sgt. Roy Matsumoto interviewed by British playwright and author Noel Coward. Roy was recovering from an infection from a shrapnel wound on his left wrist, and was questioned about his exploits at Walawbum and Nhpum Ga in the jungles of Burma.
Nisei interpreter questioning a witness (ddr-densho-114-137)
img Nisei interpreter questioning a witness (ddr-densho-114-137)
Original caption: 2nd Lieutenant Fred A. Suzawana of El Monte, Calif., Nisei Japanese interpreter for the international prosecution section, of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, Tokyo, Japan, questions Mr. Isao Fujita (left), a witness for the prosecution, in the War Ministry Building, Tokyo, Japan. 9-3-46.
Nisei linguists attending Japanese language class (ddr-densho-114-183)
img Nisei linguists attending Japanese language class (ddr-densho-114-183)
Original caption: Nisei interpreters of Gen. HQ. Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo Japan, attend classes on "Kan-Ji" characters. 3 Sep 1946.
Nisei technicians repairing a truck (ddr-densho-114-68)
img Nisei technicians repairing a truck (ddr-densho-114-68)
Two Nisei [illegible] overhaul a motor of a United States Army 21-ton 6X6 truck in the motor pool garage of the Allied Translator and Interpreter section, General Hq, Army Forces in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan. They are Tec 5 Fred Hayashi of Los Angeles, Calif., and Tec 5 Shigoro Yammoto of Walnut Grove, Calif., both of ...
Nisei linguists attending Japanese language class (ddr-densho-114-166)
img Nisei linguists attending Japanese language class (ddr-densho-114-166)
Original caption: Nisei Japanese soldiers, interpreters of the linguist section, Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, attend class in legal terminology as part of training program to better their knowledge of the Japanese language. 9-3-46.
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