Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

Military Intelligence Service (544)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

544 items
Nisei draftsman preparing maps (ddr-densho-114-157)
img Nisei draftsman preparing maps (ddr-densho-114-157)
Original caption: Tec 5 George Fuyasho of Portland, Oregon, a Nisei Japanese draftsman for the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Forces in the Pacific, prepares sketches and maps necessary for the production of documents, Floor plans and blueprints. Tokyo, Japan. 9-3-46.
Military Intelligence Language School (ddr-densho-325-128)
img Military Intelligence Language School (ddr-densho-325-128)
Written on the back of the photograph is written "Fort Snelling Language School 1944 Sumito Horiuchi".
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-325-121)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-325-121)
Nisei soldiers enjoying roasting hot dogs over a fire. Sumito Horiuchi is second from left. The back of the photograph reads "Picnic Sumito Horiuchi Fort Snelling Minnesota" in blue ink and "8 July 1945" and a message in Japanese in black ink.
Military Intelligence Language Class (ddr-densho-325-127)
img Military Intelligence Language Class (ddr-densho-325-127)
The front of the photograph is signed by most of the class. Back row left to right is Frank Jimbo, Frank Yamamoto "Calif", Robert T[illegible] Hawaii, Nasuo Hashiguchi, Shegeo M[illegible], Yosheo [illegible], Stanley F[illegible] "Martinez", and [illegible]. Front row left to right is [illegible], Sumito Horiuchi, Masagi Okada Hawaii, unknown, unknown, H[illegible] [illegible], Otsushi Moori, T[illegible] ...
Mitsue Matsui Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1008-3-17)
vh Mitsue Matsui Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1008-3-17)
Sharing memories of Major Aiso, "A great Nisei leader"

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-10-8)
vh Herbert Y. Miyasaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-10-8)
Closeness with fellow soldiers in Merrill's Marauders

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1004-23-2)
vh Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1004-23-2)
Being recruited help establish the MIS language school

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Mitsue Matsui Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1008-3-15)
vh Mitsue Matsui Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1008-3-15)
Description of John Aiso

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Mitsue Matsui Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1008-3-18)
vh Mitsue Matsui Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1008-3-18)
Reaction to dropping of atomic bomb over Hiroshima

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Harvey Watanabe Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1008-5-19)
vh Harvey Watanabe Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1008-5-19)
Duties in Australia: questioning prisoners, destroying documents

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Kenji Goto Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-2-2)
vh Kenji Goto Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1007-2-2)
The lack of commissioned officers among Nisei Military Intelligence Service men

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-23-1)
vh Shigeya Kihara Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1004-23-1)
Helping to establish the Military Intelligence Service Language School

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Sunao
vh Sunao "Phil" Ishio Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1004-8-2)
The roles of Kibei and Nisei in the Military Intelligence Service

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Roy Takai Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-5-3)
vh Roy Takai Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1004-5-3)
Description of work translating documents

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Roy Takai Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1004-5-6)
vh Roy Takai Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1004-5-6)
Thoughts on service with the MIS: "We were helping to defeat the enemy and helping our country"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily ...

George Koshi Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1008-1-15)
vh George Koshi Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1008-1-15)
Returning to Japan at the end of the war: a firsthand look at the destruction

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-9-10)
vh Kazuo Yamane Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1007-9-10)
Finding a critical Japanese document

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview I Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-123-22)
Drafted into U.S. Army, enduring basic training and attending the Military Intelligence Service Language School at Fort Snelling, Minnesota

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 51 (ddr-densho-1000-153-51)
vh Roy H. Matsumoto Interview Segment 51 (ddr-densho-1000-153-51)
Being inducted into the Military Intelligence Service

Although Mr. Matsumoto does not identify himself as a Kibei (American-born person of Japanese ancestry sent to Japan for formal education and socialization when young and later returned to the U.S.), some of his life experiences are similar to those who do identify themselves as such.

API