Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)
Living conditions (974)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

974 items
Dr. Fusaji Inada (ddr-csujad-8-26)
doc Dr. Fusaji Inada (ddr-csujad-8-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Fusaji Inada. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Inada, Dr Fusaji
Tom Toshimi Shimasaki (ddr-csujad-8-63)
doc Tom Toshimi Shimasaki (ddr-csujad-8-63)
Oral history interview with Toshimi Tom Shimasaki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Shimasaki, Tom Toshimi
Katsuso and Hatsuno Arifuku (ddr-csujad-8-5)
doc Katsuso and Hatsuno Arifuku (ddr-csujad-8-5)
Oral history interview with Katsuso and Hatsuno Arifuku. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Arifuku, Katsuso and Hatsuno
Teruye Ogawa (ddr-csujad-8-55)
doc Teruye Ogawa (ddr-csujad-8-55)
Oral history interview with Teruye [Terue] Ogawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ogawa, Teruye
Tomoko Konishi (ddr-csujad-8-29)
doc Tomoko Konishi (ddr-csujad-8-29)
Oral history interview with Tomoko Konishi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Konishi, Tomoko
Hasegawa Family (ddr-csujad-8-16)
doc Hasegawa Family (ddr-csujad-8-16)
Oral history interview with the Hasegawas, including Ray, Helen, Peter, Yoshino, Becky and George Hasegawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hasegawa Family
George Abe (ddr-csujad-8-1)
doc George Abe (ddr-csujad-8-1)
Oral history interview with George Abe. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Abe, George
Group of women (ddr-csujad-11-198)
img Group of women (ddr-csujad-11-198)
A photograph of a group of women, including Tazu Kawamoto. It is probably taken in the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. From page 79 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_79_001
Four technicians and a blood-test patient in hospital laboratory at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-47)
img Four technicians and a blood-test patient in hospital laboratory at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-47)
Four technicians and a blood-test patient in hospital laboratory at Granada incarceration camp. December 12, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f12
George Baba and Tokiji Umeda overhauling a truck loader in motor pool repair section at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-24)
img George Baba and Tokiji Umeda overhauling a truck loader in motor pool repair section at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-24)
George Baba and Tokiji Umeda overhauling a truck loader in motor pool repair section at Rohwer incarceration camp. March 10, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_024
Landscaping done by incarcerees of Camp No. 1 at Colorado River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-61)
img Landscaping done by incarcerees of Camp No. 1 at Colorado River incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-61)
Landscaping done by incarcerees of Camp No. 1 at Colorado River incarceration camp. December 31, 1942. Photo by Francis Stewart. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f26
Fourth grade school in Barracks 35-4-B at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-63)
img Fourth grade school in Barracks 35-4-B at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-63)
Fourth grade school in Barracks 35-4-B at Rohwer incarceration camp. Teacher is Nareen Oura. November 24, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f28
Shoemakers at work in shoe repair shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-60)
img Shoemakers at work in shoe repair shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-60)
Shoemakers at work in shoe repair shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f25
General view of Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-7)
img General view of Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-7)
General view of Granada incarceration camp. December 12, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_007
Aerial view of unidentified incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-27)
img Aerial view of unidentified incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-27)
Aerial view of unidentified incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_027
Teenage incarceree spending Sunday afternoon in various activities such as ironing, playing cards, etc. at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-37)
img Teenage incarceree spending Sunday afternoon in various activities such as ironing, playing cards, etc. at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-37)
Teenage incarceree spending Sunday afternoon in various activities such as ironing, playing cards, etc. at Granada incarceration camp. August 30, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f02
Young former California boy learning to ice skate at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-58)
img Young former California boy learning to ice skate at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-58)
Young former California boy learning to ice skate at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 10, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f23
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
img Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp. Photo by Tom Parker. December 11, 1942. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f09
Young artist completing a poster in poster shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-9)
img Young artist completing a poster in poster shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-9)
Young artist completing a poster in poster shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 8, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_009
Machinist operating drill press in motor pool shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-57)
img Machinist operating drill press in motor pool shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-57)
Machinist operating drill press in motor pool shop at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 9, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f22
Howard Hisayasu family in barracks room home at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-56)
img Howard Hisayasu family in barracks room home at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-56)
Howard Hisayasu family in barracks room home at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 1, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f21
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
img Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp. Teacher is Mrs. M.H. Ziegler. November 24, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_021
Incarceree in front of barracks at unidentified incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-26)
img Incarceree in front of barracks at unidentified incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-26)
Incarceree in front of barracks at unidentified incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_026
Six-year-old Reiko Mastuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-16)
img Six-year-old Reiko Mastuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-16)
Six-year-old Reiko Matsuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp, is looked after by nurse's aid Chiyo Okata. March 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_016
Momoyo Yamamoto, former farm worker in Fresno County (ddr-csujad-14-1)
img Momoyo Yamamoto, former farm worker in Fresno County (ddr-csujad-14-1)
Momoyo Yamamoto, former farm worker in Fresno County, harvesting spinach at Gila River incarceration camp. November 26, 1942. Photo by Francis Stewart. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_001
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