Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

Living conditions (714)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

714 items
Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 13 (August 26, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-11)
doc Co-Op News, Vol I. No. 13 (August 26, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-11)
Selected article titles: "Uchida Leaves Co-Op Chairman of the Board" (p. 1), "Announcements" (p. 1), "To the Members" (p. 1).
Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 4 (June 17, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-4)
doc Co-Op News, Vol 1. No. 4 (June 17, 1943) (ddr-densho-288-4)
Selected article titles: "Result of Buying Trip: Tatsuno, Fujita Return" (p. 1), "Announcement Soon on Photo Studio Opening" (p. 1), "Who Owns the Co-Op?" (p. 1).
Ice Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-549)
img Ice Skating (ddr-hmwf-1-549)
Woman ice skating, barracks buildings in background
Family Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-640)
img Family Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-640)
"6-1944" as described on back, family posing together
Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-468)
img Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-468)
"Coal rush, 29-28 Jan 7-1944 2:30pm, f16 1/50 SuperIkontaB SuperXX Roll, DK20-50' D76-20' "as described on back
Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-80)
img Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-80)
"Coal Rush 29-28, Jan 7 1944" as described on the back, Super Ikonta B
Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-632)
img Portrait (ddr-hmwf-1-632)
"July 9-1944" as described on back, young woman posing with barracks in background
Baby Bathing (ddr-hmwf-1-546)
img Baby Bathing (ddr-hmwf-1-546)
"Dianne, 24-21-F Oct. 2 1944, f8 1/25 Superpan Press" as described on back, baby bathing in metal washtub
Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-224)
img Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-224)
"5 minutes after coal rush- 29-28 Jan 7 1944" as described on back, f12.7 1/100 SuperIkontaB SuperXX Roll DK20-50' D76-20'
Girls Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-446)
img Girls Posing (ddr-hmwf-1-446)
"Sally, Nancy Gushiken, 29-23-E, Nov 30-1943, l19 f16 1/25 G3 Plus X DK20-40' D76-10' " as described on back
Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-48)
img Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-48)
"Coal Rush 29-28, Jan 7 1944 2:30pm" as described on back
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-51)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Lillian (Nobie) Igasaki (March 31, 1944). Envelope is postmarked April 1, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-77)
img Coal Rush (ddr-hmwf-1-77)
"Coal Rush 29-28, Dec. 29 1943" as described on back, l17 f12.7 1/25 tele Super xx DK 20-50' D76 15'
View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-571)
img View of camp (ddr-hmwf-1-571)
"Heart Mt. from entrance (Michu Yamada at Depot) Dec 30-1944, f16 1/25 G3 PlusX DK20-47' D76 15' " as described on back
Men Playing Game (ddr-hmwf-1-485)
img Men Playing Game (ddr-hmwf-1-485)
"Mah Jong 29-6-F, Jan 13-1945, Flash f8 1/100 Verichrome, D76 22' "as described on back, 3 men playing mah jong
Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-67)
img Collecting coal (ddr-hmwf-1-67)
"Coal rush 29-28, Jan 11 1944, afternoon" as described on back Super xx, Super Ikonta B DK20-45' D76-70
Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-318)
img Baby (ddr-hmwf-1-318)
"Matsushita 14-12-D June 2 1944" l8 f4.5 1/25 SuperpanPress, D76-37'
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