Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (875)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

875 items
Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-331)
img Buddhist Convention (ddr-one-1-331)
Black and white photographic negative of members of the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple) at a Buddhist convention at Collin's Field House in Seattle, Washington. Back row left to right: Frances (Kinoshita) Mayeda, Aki (Shiraishi) Dong, Mary (Nakata) Fujii, unidentified, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, remaining unidentified. Front row left to right ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Cowgirl (ddr-one-1-481)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Cowgirl (ddr-one-1-481)
Color slide of a cowgirl on palomino horse. The cowgirl is dressed in a pink riding suit and waving her hat at the camera. Float with a church choir is visible in the background in front of the W.L. Reid Company. The Portland Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are made ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 39 (ddr-one-1-462)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 39 (ddr-one-1-462)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 39 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Shoreline Hotel and Anchor Inn. In the background a sign for the Blue Eagle Cafe is visible. The float is of a large rainbow with women dressed in each color sitting around the top of the ...
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-418)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-418)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. Sitting at the head table from left to right: Reverend Sunya Pratt (from Tacoma, Washington), Reverend Tatsuya Ichikawa (from Seattle, Washington), Reverend Eiyu Terao (from Spokane, Washington), Reverend Ikuta from (Vancouver, British Columbia), Reverend ...
Sunday School (ddr-one-1-92)
img Sunday School (ddr-one-1-92)
Black and white photographic negative of Sunday School class. Students work on coloring project with adult teachers, image of Buddha hangs on wall. Class not taught at the Oregon Buddhist Church, exact location is unknown.
New Tokyo Bar (ddr-one-1-81)
img New Tokyo Bar (ddr-one-1-81)
Black and white photographic negative of two women behind the bar with the bartender at the New Tokyo Bar in Portland, Oregon. From left to right: unidentified, Rose Mae Hara and George Ninomiya.
Kenji Onishi sermon (ddr-one-1-94)
img Kenji Onishi sermon (ddr-one-1-94)
Black and white photographic negative of Kenji Onishi standing behind a pulpit reading from a bible at Epworth Methodist Church. Kenji Onishi was a youth leader at Epworth.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-227)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-227)
Black and white photographic negative of two Obon dancers performing in front of crowd. From left to right: Carol (Murahashi) Asakawa, Phyllis Midori (Ando) Muramatsu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park ...
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-305)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-305)
Black and white photographic negative of small audience watching the Obon dance rehearsal inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. Fifth from the right standing up in back row of the audience is Larry Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider ...
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-415)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-415)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. Sitting third from the right is Shiz (Fujita) Inaba, sitting opposite is Yosh Tanabe.
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-18)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-18)
Black and white photographic negative of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Left to right: Grace (Ebihara) Akiyama, Betty Nakashimada, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Nami (Miura) Koida, Masae “Elsie” (Morita) Onishi, Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, Mitsy (Kiyomura) Takeoka, Betty Ishida, Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Astuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, Jean Matsumoto, and ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Victoria Girl's Drill Corps (ddr-one-1-176)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Victoria Girl's Drill Corps (ddr-one-1-176)
Color slide of Victoria's all girls drill team marching in the Rose Festival Parade on W Burnside in front of a crowd outside a Bekins Storage. The women are dressed in white uniforms with pink and purple capes. The Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are made out of flowers and ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade float-
img Portland Rose Festival Parade float- "Aluminum Company of America" (ddr-one-1-512)
Color slide of a Rose Festival Parade float driving by a crowd in front of San Francisco Tailor on SW Third Ave. The float has four young girls in white dresses sitting around a May pole, a young woman sits behind them in front of a large harp made of yellow flowers that is being played ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marching Band (ddr-one-1-147)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- Marching Band (ddr-one-1-147)
Color slide of a baton twirler in pink and yellow marching uniform in front of large marching band in red uniforms marching down W Burnside in the Portland Rose Festival Parade. In the background a sign for the Blue Eagle Cafe is visible. The Rose Festival Parade is an annual event in which floats are made ...
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-29)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-29)
Black and white photographic print of a wedding between Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto. The couple is kneeling before Reverend Francis Hayashi. Bridal Party from Left to Right: Yoichi "Jack" Nomi, Keso Kuwahara, Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi and Lilly (Kobayashi) Irinaga.
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-250)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-250)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing in front of a crowd. From left to right in foreground: Ruth Saito, Kathleen "Kathie" Haruko (Matsuda) Sato, and Grace (Tachibana) Ishikawa. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community..
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-202)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-202)
Black and white photographic negative of five Obon dancers in straw hats posing for the camera in front of a crowd. Obon dancers from left to right: Yukiye Itoyama, Noboru Takashima, and all others unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance Tanko Bushi (ddr-one-1-196)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance Tanko Bushi (ddr-one-1-196)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers dancing the Tanko Bushi. Obon dancers: Patricia “Pat” (Ikata) Iboshi, Joe Shiraishi, Mrs. Okiyama, Thomas "Tom" Honma, and Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita. Couple to the left of the light pole are Mary (Muramatsu) Shiiki and Ray Shiiki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-251)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-251)
Black and white photographic negative of five Obon dancers posing for camera in front of trees. First from the left: Kaoru Funatake, fifth from left: Masano Hachiya Yamasaki. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-377)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-377)
Black and white photographic negative of three women sitting with backs to a picnic table enjoying a plate of food at a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). Third from left is Mary Yamaguchi, fifth from left is Jon Honma.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 20
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 20 "Insurance with a heart" (ddr-one-1-470)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 20 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Noon Bag Company building. A woman is riding on the back of the float in front of a large red heart with an arrow through it. A young boy in a bowler hat stands in the ...
Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-388)
img Community Picnic (ddr-one-1-388)
Black and white photographic negative of three Nisei men playing cards laying down on a blanket during a community picnic at Viking Park hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as the Oregon Buddhist Temple). From left to right: Shig Oka, unidentified, and Tom Takeoka.
Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-38)
img Wedding of Sam Sakamoto and Hanaye (Fujiwara) Sakamoto (ddr-one-1-38)
Original black and white photographic print of wedding attendants posed. Left to right Tamaye (Fujiwara) Nomi and Yoichi "Jack" Nomi.
Reed College (ddr-one-1-358)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-358)
Black and white photographic print of Ayame Ogimi and her brother Carlos Ogimi staring at a large document or drawing on a table in front of them. This photograph was taken at Reed College where Ayame and Carlos were both students. Negative ONLC 3178 (ddr-one-1-370).
Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- Vancouver, Washington Cenaqua (ddr-one-1-161)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade Float- Vancouver, Washington Cenaqua (ddr-one-1-161)
Color slide of a Rose Festival Parade float driving down W Burnside in front of the Shoreline Hotel and Anchor Inn. The float depicts a carousel with women in pink dresses and silver sequin sitting around the edge. One woman is holding a blue ribbon. The side of the float reads "1950-1825 Vancouver WN, Cenaqua". The ...
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