Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

911 items
Letter from Uhachi Tamesa to Arthur Emi (ddr-densho-333-22)
doc Letter from Uhachi Tamesa to Arthur Emi (ddr-densho-333-22)
Letter to Art Emi about returning home and seeking restitution for stolen property
Alien's travel permit (ddr-manz-4-269)
doc Alien's travel permit (ddr-manz-4-269)
Permit allowing Shinjo Nagatomi and his family to travel to Gardena, California after leaving camp.
Mary Suzuki Ichino Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-52-19)
vh Mary Suzuki Ichino Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-52-19)
Seeing Little Tokyo for the first time after the war: "it was so devastating"
Isami Nakao - Kazuko Nakao Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-68-26)
vh Isami Nakao - Kazuko Nakao Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-68-26)
Returning home to Bainbridge Island to find tenant refusing to leave
Bacon Sakatani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-298-19)
vh Bacon Sakatani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-298-19)
Difficult times after returning to California

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Fumiko Uyeda Groves Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-10-29)
vh Fumiko Uyeda Groves Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-10-29)
Returning to Seattle and school after the war: facing racism
Mako Nakagawa Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-66-23)
vh Mako Nakagawa Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-66-23)
Issues of racism and identity, learning a meaningful poem in school
Sue K. Embrey Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-6-5)
vh Sue K. Embrey Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-6-5)
Returning to face discrimination in postwar Los Angeles

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one ...

Nobu Suzuki Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-87-18)
vh Nobu Suzuki Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-87-18)
Formation of the Japanese Resettlement Committee

References are made to several of Nobu Suzuki's personal papers, which are currently available for public perusal at the University of Washington's Manuscripts and University Archives.

Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-42-12)
vh Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-42-12)
Opening up family apartment to returning Japanese Americans after the war

Mrs. Kurose was undergoing treatment for cancer and required frequent breaks and medication to help her with pain management.

Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-42-11)
vh Akiko Kurose Interview II Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-42-11)
Returning to Seattle after the war

Mrs. Kurose was undergoing treatment for cancer and required frequent breaks and medication to help her with pain management.

Floyd Schmoe Interview II Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-86-1)
vh Floyd Schmoe Interview II Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1000-86-1)
Giving aid to Japanese Americans returning to Washington state after the war

In this interview Mr. Schmoe refers to Aki Kurose, a former employee, fellow Quaker, peace activist, and long-time friend. At the time of this interview, Ms. Kurose had recently passed away after a long struggle with cancer. At the time of this interview, Mr. ...

Kazuko Iwahashi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-337-20)
vh Kazuko Iwahashi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-337-20)
Leaving camp and returning home

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Archie Miyatake Interview Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-299-31)
vh Archie Miyatake Interview Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-299-31)
Helping family to reestablish photography business after returning home

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Matsushige Mats Ando (ddr-csujad-8-2)
doc Matsushige Mats Ando (ddr-csujad-8-2)
Oral history interview with Matsushige [Mats] Ando. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ando, Matsushige Mats
Saka Tanaka (ddr-csujad-8-73)
doc Saka Tanaka (ddr-csujad-8-73)
Oral history interview with Saka Tanaka. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Tanaka, Saka
Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, January 19, 1945 (ddr-csujad-4-22)
doc Letter from Emiko [Amy] Terada to Miss Laura Thomas, January 19, 1945 (ddr-csujad-4-22)
A letter from Emiko Amy Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Miss Laura Thomas in Lawndale, California. In the letter, Emiko asks Laura about the conditions in Lawndale, California, expressing her concern about housing. She also describes school in the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Japanese address-book, L.A., Cal. 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-296)
doc Japanese address-book, L.A., Cal. 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-296)
A directory compiled by Roy Tazawa in 1945. It lists addresses of the Japanese and Japanese Americans who returned to Los Angeles, California after the forced evacuation and incarceration. It also includes Japanese American business guide and advertisements. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_03_33_001
Letter from Corine Key, Relocation Adviser, Rohwer Relocation Center, to Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director, November 1, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-97)
doc Letter from Corine Key, Relocation Adviser, Rohwer Relocation Center, to Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director, November 1, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-97)
A letter from Corine Key, Relocation Advisor at the Rohwer incarceration camp to Federal Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director in Long Beach, California. It certifies that the Okines are eligible for federal housing on the basis of their sons' service with the U.S. Army. Enclosed with other items: csudh_oki_0099, csudh_oki_0100, and csudh_oki_0101. See this object ...
[Travel permit] (ddr-csujad-5-99)
doc [Travel permit] (ddr-csujad-5-99)
A travel permit issued by Leave Officer of "Rohwer Relocation Center." It certifies that Tomeyo Okine is permitted to leave for Long Beach, California with the permission of the United States Attorney. Enclosed with the letter (csudh_oki_0098). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_30_003
API