Japanese immigrants (Issei) replaced Chinese workers after the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act went into effect. Laborers were recruited by contracting companies to cut timber and work in sawmills. In rare instances, Issei women joined their husbands, living among the other workers in segregated shantytowns.
Industry and employment
This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.