442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1097)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1956)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1956 items
Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum,  Rome (ddr-densho-164-8)
img Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum, Rome (ddr-densho-164-8)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Colosseum in Rome, interior view. Way back the people watched gladiators. Now in our modern coliseum we watch football, track, and etc.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-30)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-30)
Nisei soldier's caption: Ham and the orange tree. Sour tho! St. Martins.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-28)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-28)
Nisei soldier's caption: French Alps. After the tough time up north it was pretty easy here. It was a beautiful country so clean and untouched by war. Our Bn. was spread far out companies being from 10 to 20 miles away from the C.P. Just occasional patrols and jeep patrols. Communications had a big job with …
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-57)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-57)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to another hotel, the …
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-69)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-69)
Nisei soldier's caption: Footpower instead of gas. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-91)
img Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-91)
Nisei soldier's caption: Wireman Gordon Kadowaki. It was a sad time for us to see our friends we slept and fought together with leave. But they earned it most of them being in the army from four to six years, and fought from Salerno on. It was a sad place with new replacements in their place.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-82)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-82)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our hotel in Novi Ligure.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-107)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-107)
Nisei soldier's caption: Dorothy Hasegawa originally came from Sacramento. 10 years ago she came to Italy to study music. The war caught her in Milan and in meantime became one of the leading soprano. Our boys had quite a feast when they visited her. She cooked Japanese food for them.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-75)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-75)
Nisei soldier's caption: Turkomans guarded by partisans. These Turks were captured by the Germans in Russia and taken to Italy as laborers. The partisans were of use during the end of the war in rounding up the surrendering jerries but not when they fired back.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-51)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-51)
Nisei soldier's caption: Orange lined trees in Menton.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-35)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-35)
Nisei soldier's caption: '500' game going. We pulled out of St. Martins and came to Nile in Dec. 1944. Here the weather was very nice, including the scenery. We were wondering where we're going next.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-83)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-83)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our big boss Col. Miller had us back to the Shelby days. More parades and such. Coming home after drill.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-101)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-101)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-115)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-115)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-112)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-112)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our gondola we rented took us slowly to see the sights. Nothing but dirty buildings.
Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-10)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-10)
Nisei soldier's caption: Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome. A beautiful sight, from glistening white marble, a sight to behold.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-33)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-33)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pill box on road to St. Sauveur.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-58)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-58)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to another hotel, the …
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-62)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-62)
Nisei soldier's caption: M.P. Frank Mayeda. To get away from the untasty we traded some of our ration for vegetable. Got rid of our beans, coffee, bread, cereal and etc.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-108)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-108)
Nisei soldier's caption: Few of us were able to visit Venice on pass. Yes we saw the canals, more like sewers the looks of the water.
Nisei soldiers visiting Bagnoli (ddr-densho-164-15)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Bagnoli (ddr-densho-164-15)
Nisei soldier's caption: Bagnoli near Naples. After our battalion and the 442nd attached to the 84 division fought to Arno and winning a presidential citation at Varoa near Leghorn we pulled back to Naples in preparation to go to France. Joined here by 800 replacements. Since Bagnoli was close to Naples and Pompeii we went visiting …
API