442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1097)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1956)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1956 items
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-106)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-106)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Italian women washing clothes (ddr-densho-164-79)
img Italian women washing clothes (ddr-densho-164-79)
Nisei soldier's caption: Gragnana, Washday. Note GI clothed in back. All could be washed for a pack of cigarettes.
The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-2)
img The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-2)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Anzio Express. The big German Railway gun, left behind by the enemy as we overrun Rome from Anzio. This guy was used to shell our positions at the beach. Picture taken in June 1944 in Civitavecchia, north of Rome.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-52)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-52)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pee Wee Iwamoto and Kimura.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-80)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-80)
Nisei soldier's caption: Port of Genoa, mostly in ruins.
Nisei soldier in front of a car (ddr-densho-164-26)
img Nisei soldier in front of a car (ddr-densho-164-26)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our booty. Biffontaine Task Force. Surprised a Bn. C.P. and a Major.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-97)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-97)
Nisei soldier's caption: Chewing the fat and splicing wire.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-36)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-36)
Nisei soldier's caption: We headed again East. Passed Monte Carlo.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-102)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-102)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-92)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-92)
Nisei soldier's caption: Platoon Boozers Tsukamoto, Hashimoto, Yamagata. After weathering sandstorms, wind, hot and cold weather, sad partings, we left here the latter part of June and went to Lecco on the shores of Lake Como, and I think the best part of Italy.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-105)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-105)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-116)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-116)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers in review (ddr-densho-164-86)
img Nisei soldiers in review (ddr-densho-164-86)
Nisei soldier's caption: Review in Ghedi. Went to Ghedi where we camped out in a bare flat plain and went thru the processing prisoners. Took care of around 80,000 and then our first large batch of original 100th men left us. And also joined by a replacement of some 400.
Soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-88)
img Soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-88)
Nisei soldier's caption: Going home. Corbin, Di Mailo, Chipman, Kometani.
Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-11)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-11)
Nisei soldier's caption: Park in Rome. The war bypassed this city, it being declared an open city.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-109)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-109)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our gondola we rented took us slowly to see the sights. Nothing but dirty buildings.
The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-1)
img The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-1)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Anzio Express. The big German Railway gun, left behind by the enemy as we overrun Rome from Anzio. This guy was used to shell our positions at the beach. Picture taken in June 1944 in Civitavecchia, north of Rome.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-22)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-22)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our entry into France. Ham and Windbag, Tanaka. Our kitchen hasn't been set up yet. K-ration and C for us. It was so good, like H -- we stayed at a staging area 20 miles from Marseilles and Dijon.
Nisei soldiers visiting Italy (ddr-densho-164-14)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Italy (ddr-densho-164-14)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Tiber River. A sluggish muddy stream flowing thru the city.
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