442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1097)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1956)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1956 items
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-508)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-508)
Caption in album: "Koichi Yamamoto / California."
Soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-197)
img Soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-197)
Japanese American soldier standing in the snow outside of the "Sporthaus" (name of building not visible in this photograph) in the Uri Alps, Switzerland. In the background part of a sign is visible that reads "Willkommen," or "welcome" in German. Caption on reverse: "Chester Fukuhara."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-503)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-503)
Caption in album: "Roy Fujihara / Hawaii."
Soldiers on board the U.S. ship
img Soldiers on board the U.S. ship "Wilson Victory" (ddr-densho-201-137)
Soldiers on board the U.S. ship "Wilson Victory" (ship's name not visible in this photograph).
General Clark and Leo Morishita (ddr-densho-201-603)
img General Clark and Leo Morishita (ddr-densho-201-603)
Caption in album: "Leo Morishita / 'General' Mark Clark."
img "Roy Kawase, heavy eqpt Co. C. 100th Bn." (ddr-densho-201-384)
Japanese American soldier carrying heavy equipment over rocks. Caption on front: "Roy Kawase, heavy eqpt Co. C. 100th Bn."
img "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946" (ddr-densho-201-222)
Caption on front: "442 Infrantry [sic] Regiment Gives Final Parade." Caption on side: "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
Caption in album: "Norman Fujii / California."
Three men waving out a windowTop-Kick Col. Miller
img Three men waving out a windowTop-Kick Col. Miller" (ddr-densho-201-366)
Colonel, girl, and women. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy.'Top-Kick Col. Miller."
Soldiers watching dolphins (ddr-densho-201-820)
img Soldiers watching dolphins (ddr-densho-201-820)
Soldiers on a ship taking them back to the United States.
Streets of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-583)
img Streets of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-583)
Caption in album: "In this square one of our medic truck was directly hit by artillery."
Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-514)
img Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-514)
Caption in album: "'Long John' Tsukushima / Colorado."
img "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy." (ddr-densho-201-364)
Crowded ship in dock. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy."
img "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan" (ddr-densho-201-303)
Caption on front: "Lecco - Giardini pubblici [Lecco - public gardens]." Caption in album: "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan."
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