Living conditions

All of the camps were constructed according to the War Department's specifications, which included barbed-wire fences, guard towers, and armed guards around the perimeter. The camps were organized in "blocks" consisting of twelve to fourteen barracks, a mess hall, communal showers and toilets, laundry facilities, and a recreation hall. Each barracks was divided into four or six rooms with each room housing one family, no matter how large, and there was no running water. The furnishings that Japanese Americans found on their arrival were canvas cots, a potbellied stove, and a single bare light bulb. The thin walls offered little protection from the harsh weather, which ranged from 110 degrees in the summer to 25 degrees below zero on winter nights. The flimsy construction allowed no privacy and made normal family life difficult. Camp inmates improved their own living conditions by creating interior walls and partitions, constructing furniture from scrap lumber, and planting gardens.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1199)
Living conditions (1688)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Arts and crafts in camp, Community analysts, Manzanar Children's Village

1688 items
Japanese Americans behind homemade pond (ddr-densho-2-65)
img Japanese Americans behind homemade pond (ddr-densho-2-65)
Shown here are Japanese Americans from Block 26 in front of their handcrafted fish pond.
Woman en route to the shower (ddr-densho-2-7)
img Woman en route to the shower (ddr-densho-2-7)
Kadju Nishimura of Block 26 is on her way to take a shower. Note the Japanese clogs, called geta, that she is wearing. Geta enabled her to keep her feet clean while she walked through the dirt and mud.
An oral history with Mary Miya (ddr-csujad-30-6)
av An oral history with Mary Miya (ddr-csujad-30-6)
An oral history with Mary Miya, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0116. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2489_T01
An oral history with Sam Masami Tanaka (ddr-csujad-30-10)
av An oral history with Sam Masami Tanaka (ddr-csujad-30-10)
An oral interview with Sam Masami Tanaka, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0124. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2333.2_T01
An oral history with Mitsuru Yamasaki (ddr-csujad-30-16)
av An oral history with Mitsuru Yamasaki (ddr-csujad-30-16)
An oral interview with Mitsuru Yamasaki, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0136. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3592_T01
An oral history with Celeste Teodor (ddr-csujad-30-19)
vh An oral history with Celeste Teodor (ddr-csujad-30-19)
An oral interview with Celeste Teodor, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0138. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3776_T01
An oral history with Wilma Stuart (ddr-csujad-30-5)
av An oral history with Wilma Stuart (ddr-csujad-30-5)
An oral history with Wilma Stuart, a foster mother to Japanese children following their time at the Children's Village orphange. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manazanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0114. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
An oral history with Tamotsu Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-1)
av An oral history with Tamotsu Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-1)
An oral history with Tamotsu Isozaki, an incarceree at the Children's Village. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The full transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0102. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2332_T01
An oral history with Ronald Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-30-7)
av An oral history with Ronald Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-30-7)
An oral interview with Ronald Kawamoto, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item:csufccop_cvm_0118. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3591_T01
An oral history with Ira Iwata (ddr-csujad-30-8)
av An oral history with Ira Iwata (ddr-csujad-30-8)
An oral interview with Ira Iwata, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0120. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3775_T01
An oral history with Herbert Takashi Suyumatsu (ddr-csujad-30-11)
av An oral history with Herbert Takashi Suyumatsu (ddr-csujad-30-11)
An oral interview with Herbert Takashi Suyematsu, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0126. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2336_T01
An oral history with Dennis Tojo Bambauer (ddr-csujad-30-17)
vh An oral history with Dennis Tojo Bambauer (ddr-csujad-30-17)
An oral interview with Dennis Tojo Bambauer, an incarceree at the Children's Village. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item csufccop_cvm_0106. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2335_T01
An oral history with Susie Watamura (ddr-csujad-30-4)
av An oral history with Susie Watamura (ddr-csujad-30-4)
An oral interview with Susie Sakamoto, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0112. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2487_T01
An oral history with Clara D. Hayashi (ddr-csujad-30-2)
av An oral history with Clara D. Hayashi (ddr-csujad-30-2)
An oral interview with Clara D. Hayashi, an incarceree at the Children's Village. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0104. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2334_T01
An oral history with Takeshi Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-3)
av An oral history with Takeshi Isozaki (ddr-csujad-30-3)
An oral interview with Takeshi Isozaki, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript to this file is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0108. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2337_T01
An oral history with Sam Masami Tanaka (ddr-csujad-30-9)
av An oral history with Sam Masami Tanaka (ddr-csujad-30-9)
An oral interview with Sam Masami Tanaka, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0122. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2333.1_T01
An oral history with Lillian Matsumoto and Taeko Nagayama (ddr-csujad-30-14)
av An oral history with Lillian Matsumoto and Taeko Nagayama (ddr-csujad-30-14)
An oral interview with Lillian Matsumoto and Taeko Nagayama, incarcerees at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0132. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2494.2_T01
An oral history with Lillian Matsumoto and Taeko Nagayama (ddr-csujad-30-13)
av An oral history with Lillian Matsumoto and Taeko Nagayama (ddr-csujad-30-13)
An oral interview with Lillian Matsumoto and Taeko Nagayama, incarcerees at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0130. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2494.1_T01
An oral history with Takatow Matsuno (ddr-csujad-30-12)
av An oral history with Takatow Matsuno (ddr-csujad-30-12)
An oral interview with Takatow [Takato] Matsuno, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0128. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2339_T01
An oral history with Robert Yamashita (ddr-csujad-30-15)
av An oral history with Robert Yamashita (ddr-csujad-30-15)
An oral interview with Robert Yamashita, an incarceree at the Children's Village orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at the Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0134. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3502_T01
An oral history with Annie Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-30-18)
vh An oral history with Annie Sakamoto (ddr-csujad-30-18)
An oral history with Annie Sakamoto, an incarceree at the Children's Villag orphanage. The interview was conducted for the Children's Village at Manzanar Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The transcript is found in item: csufccop_cvm_0110. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 2486_T01
Tadaichi Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-745)
img Tadaichi Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-745)
Handwritten caption: "Tadaichi Yoshioka, Topaz, Utah 1944."
Minidoka incarceration camp photograph album (ddr-csujad-32-1)
img Minidoka incarceration camp photograph album (ddr-csujad-32-1)
The photograph album contains 69 photographs from mostly the Minidoka incarceration camp. It may have been compiled by Lona Haug, vice-principal of the Blk 10 school at the Minidoka incarceration camp in 1943. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001
Minidoka incarceration camp barracks (ddr-csujad-32-7)
img Minidoka incarceration camp barracks (ddr-csujad-32-7)
Photograph of the Minidoka incarceration camp barracks from a distance. Photo featured on page 5 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_006_015
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