Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (594)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

594 items
Photo of Two women and girl (ddr-densho-122-176)
img Photo of Two women and girl (ddr-densho-122-176)
Caption on back: "Two Women in an American Concentration Camp, Puyallup, WA"
Memo to Lt. Green from C.E. Rachford (ddr-densho-122-448)
doc Memo to Lt. Green from C.E. Rachford (ddr-densho-122-448)
Request for guards to be placed around blocks in Heart Mountain for Japanese residents
Letter to Milton S. Eisenhower, Director WRA from Mike Masaoka (ddr-densho-122-270)
doc Letter to Milton S. Eisenhower, Director WRA from Mike Masaoka (ddr-densho-122-270)
Copy of letter with recommendations for establishing and administering relocation camps.
Transcription of conversation between General Clark and General Gullion (ddr-densho-122-272)
doc Transcription of conversation between General Clark and General Gullion (ddr-densho-122-272)
Copy of transcription, re: relocation of "enemy aliens" and establishment of exclusion zone in Washington and Oregon.
doc "Proclamation and Notice of Dissatisfaction and Demand" (ddr-densho-122-823)
By Kiyoshi Okamoto, addressed to The citizens and voters of the U.S.A.; the Hon. Franklin D. Roosevelt; The Hon. Henry L. Stimson; Lieutenant General Delos C. Emmon; The War Relocation Authority; the Department of Justice, the Congress of the United States and any and all the agents or agencies and individuals and groups of individuals that …
Sho, David, and Walter Matsuoka stand outside (ddr-densho-390-63)
img Sho, David, and Walter Matsuoka stand outside (ddr-densho-390-63)
Sho, David, and Walter Matsuoka stand outside, probably at the Amache concentration camp.
Amache camp map (ddr-densho-390-142)
doc Amache camp map (ddr-densho-390-142)
A map of the Amache concentration camp created for the 1978 Amache reunion.
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