Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

592 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
Selected article titles: "MDC Reparations Survey" (pp. 1, 3), "Sen. Inouye Explains Final Lesson to Be Learned from Watergate Trauma" (p. 1), "Editorials: A Battered Manzanar Plaque" (p. 2), and "Ye Editor's Desk: Other Thoughts on the Visit" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 14 (October 3, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-39)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Farm Problems Aired" (p. 1), "Nikkei Back at Poston for Look" (pp. 1-2), "Manzanar Plaque Found Defaced" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: John Dean on Redress" (p. 2).
Bibliography on War Relocation Authority, Japanese, and Japanese-Americans (ddr-densho-381-20)
doc Bibliography on War Relocation Authority, Japanese, and Japanese-Americans (ddr-densho-381-20)
A bibliography of materials published between October 1942 and July 1945 about the War Relocation Authority, Japanese, and Japanese-Americans in the United States.
Keiro kai list (ddr-densho-381-25)
doc Keiro kai list (ddr-densho-381-25)
A list of names, ages, block numbers, and addresses.
Contact list (ddr-densho-381-164)
doc Contact list (ddr-densho-381-164)
A contact list, most likely belonging to Chuzaburo Ito, with names and addresses including some concentration camps.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.25 (December 19, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No.25 (December 19, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-51)
1958 Holiday Issue Select article titles: "Nisei challenged to regain American prestige abroad" (p. A-3); "Fred's Bleakest Christmas Eve" (p. A-4); "Policy Statement of JACL on International Relations" (p. A-5); "1st round opens for JACL role on U.S.-Japan issue" (p. A-7); "A measure of success" (B-5). The holiday issue included advertisements bought by JACL members and ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 17 (October 27, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 17 (October 27, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-43)
Selected article titles: "Canada Leader Defends Wartime Nisei Evacuation" (p. 1), "National Park Status for Rohwer Asked" (p. 1), "Washington Newsletter: Freedom in Employment" (p. 1), and "Issei Story Project: Who, What, Why, How?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 16 (October 20, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 53, No. 16 (October 20, 1961) (ddr-pc-33-42)
Selected article titles: "Rowher Cemetery Dedicated as Arkansas Historical Site Sunday" (pp. 1-2), "Nisei-Negro Pair Go on Mission for White House" (p. 1), "U.S. Civil Rights Report Indicates Negro in California Hit Hardest in Housing Bias" (p. 2), and "Nisei Family Included in Move from N.Y. to Chico to Avoid Threat from Atomic Bombs" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 13 (September 26,1969) (ddr-pc-41-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 13 (September 26,1969) (ddr-pc-41-39)
Select article titles: "Future of Japanese Ethnic churches in L.A. studied" (p. 1); "Seattle Issei Complain Lack of Police Action(p.1); "40,000 witness Japan week's civic parade" (p. 3); "Concentration Camp" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol 68, No. 2 (January 10, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol 68, No. 2 (January 10, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-2)
Select article titles: "Hayakawa means to keep campus open, warning signs up" (p. 1); "PC columnists T. Murayama dies aboard ship" (p. 1); "Wakamatsu Colony centennial celebration at Coloma Jan. 26" (p. 1); "Issue of Detention camps in a Democracy" (p. 3); "JACL meets with SFSC people" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 7 (February 22, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-7)
Selected article titles: "Priorities: JACL Since 1972" (p. 1), "JACL-National Board: Impeachment Issue Swirls" (p. 1), and "Manzanar Site as Part of State Parks Plan Seen" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 19 (May 17, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 78, No. 19 (May 17, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-19)
Selected article titles: "Changed to 'JAN': USAF Drops 'JAP'" (p. 1), "Japan-U.S. Friendship Act Under Study" (pp. 1-2), "Tule Lake Designated Historical Landmark" (pp. 1, 6), and "A Grandfather's Hope for Children of Intermarriage" (pp. 2, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 9 (August 29, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 9 (August 29, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-34)
Selected article titles: "JACL--National Travel Program: 11 Charter Flights to Japan Being Planned for 1976" (p. 1), "JACL Weak Points Viewed" (pp. 1, 4), "1975 Nisei Week Queen and Court" (p. 4), and "Poston: As It Looked in '69" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 7 (February 20, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 7 (February 20, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-7)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Ushio's Record" (p. 1), "Nat'l Faces 100-G Deficit" (p. 1), "Ye Editor's Desk: An Uncompromising Hayakawa" (p. 1), and "Concent. Camps" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
Selected article titles: "Rice Bill Seeks Lower Prices" (p. 1), "Gila River Camp High School Grads Hold 30-Year Reunion, Eye 1980 Meet" (p. 1), "Potshots: Hard Working Chapters" (p. 2), and "Plain Speaking: Reparations Campaign" (p. 3).
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