Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

Economic losses (231)

231 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 31 (April 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-198)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 31 (April 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-198)
"Hopes Rise on Senate Approval of Judd's ENI Legislation" (p. 1), "Local ADC Fund Push of $5,000 Starts April 20" (p. 1),
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 58 (July 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-225)
"ADC Will Meet to Discuss Funds for Claims Unit" (p. 1), "Pfc. Takahashi Services Held" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 24 (March 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-191)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 24 (March 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-191)
"Delay by Senate on ENI Bill Looms; New York Post Scribe Fears Road "Very Uncertain" (p. 1), "President Inks Contraband Bill" (p. 1), "Letter to CARE from Japan" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 45 (June 27, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-33)
"International Body Ousts Local 7 Officers" (p. 1), "Urges Board to Sift Loss in Evacuation" (p. 1), "Death of Race Ties Unit of NHA Set for Monday, June 30; Lack of Funds Forces Move, Aide Says" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 6 (January 20, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-267)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 6 (January 20, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-267)
"Yorty's Bill Would End Racial Bias" (p. 1), "Loss Caused by Leasehold Sale Allowed Under Claims Act : ADC" (p. 1), "Tentative 3-Day Program Announced for '51 N.W. Young Buddhist Conclave" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 80 (September 25, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-142)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 80 (September 25, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-142)
"Remains of Corporal Kokubu Join Graves of Two Other Nisei Dead at Arlington Cemetery" (p. 1), "Ennis, Masaoka to Meet Lawyers on Handling of Claims Forms" (p. 4)
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
"Two Measures Go to House; Hit Race Bias" (p. 1), "Mitchell Introduces Measure Altering Naturalization Laws; Lauds War Record of Nisei, Issei" (p. 1), "Evacuee Claim OK'd Under Act" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
"Revelle Points Out Generals' High Opinion of Fighting 442nd Combat Team" (p. 1), "Seattle JACL Chapter Urges Issei to Apply for Naturalization Now" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 63 (September 2, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-50)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 63 (September 2, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-50)
"Extends Deadline For Filing Claims To Get Frozen Money" (p. 1), "Rules Alien Japanese May Still Lease Land in California" (p. 1) "Tokyo Rations Water Now" (p. 4).
License for the sale and transfer of goods (ddr-densho-324-12)
doc License for the sale and transfer of goods (ddr-densho-324-12)
Allows the Seattle-First National Bank to sell farm equipment, vehicles, and household furnishings for the Uno Family.
Issei farmer discussing lease with Chinese businessman (ddr-densho-151-285)
img Issei farmer discussing lease with Chinese businessman (ddr-densho-151-285)
Original caption: Hayward, California. Negi family, operators of a forty-acre leased truck farm, complete arrangements with a Chinese business man who is taking over this farm and equipment at the time of the family's voluntary evacuation to Colorado, prior to Civilian Exclusion Orders.
Farmer closing his greenhouse prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-128)
img Farmer closing his greenhouse prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-128)
Original caption: Mission San Jose, California. Ready to close the doors of greenhouse on strawberry truck farm in Santa Clara County. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War Relocation Authority center for the duration.
img "Evacuation sale" at business run by Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-151-137)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. A study in contrast in Chinatown: The store on the right is operated by a proprietor of Japanese ancestry, and does a land office business as evacuation nears. Previously, many similar stores suffered losses of patronage because of boycott on Japanese products. Evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War ...
img "Evacuation sale" at Japanese American store (ddr-densho-151-92)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Customers buy merchandise in a store operated by a proprietor of Japanese ancestry during a pre-evacuation sale. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japanese-owned farm recently sold (ddr-densho-151-121)
img Japanese-owned farm recently sold (ddr-densho-151-121)
Original caption: Near Centerville, Alameda County, California. Japanese berry farm transferred to a Yugoslavian in United States since 1913.
Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
img Exclusion orders posted in vacated restaurant (ddr-densho-151-127)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Civilian Exclusion Order Number 5, ordering evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry, posted in a vacant store window on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. This establishment, like many others in Chinatown, was operated by proprietors of Japanese descent. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japantown store prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-325)
img Japantown store prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-325)
Original caption: Florin, California. View on main street of this little agriculture town in the center of the strawberry and grape-producing area occupied mostly by residents of Japanese ancestry. Evacuation is due in two days of people of Japanese descent from this community.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 15 (April 10, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 15 (April 10, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-15)
Selected article titles: "Calif. FEPC set, Senate approves 30-5" (p. 1), "$1.2 million appropriation bill for evacuee claims asked" (p. 1), "Old-age assistance bill to aid Issei held in Assembly Comm." (p. 1), "Cal. Senate passes miscegenation law" (p. 1), "Wartime renunciant program review nearly completed by U.S." (p. 1), "Chicago JACL membership challenge with west ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 4 (July 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 49, No. 4 (July 24, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-30)
Selected article titles: "U.C. regents clear campus of fraternity bias" (p. 1), "Idaho Nisei regains U.S. citizenship as private bill signed" (p. 1), "JACL support of returning vested property told in detail" (p. 1), "Father LaFarge takes issue with stand of Eisenhower on civil rights legislation" (p. 1), "Saibara Family credited by American rice industry for ...
Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1016-4-2)
vh Gene Akutsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1016-4-2)
Preparing for mass removal

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 20 (May 15, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-20)
ds Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 20 (May 15, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-20)
Selected article titles: "Fiction Can Be Damaging" (p.1), "Norman Thomas to Be Honored at 18th Biennial" (p.1), "442nd Veterans Join Nat'l JACL in May 30 Rites" (p.1), "Pension Rights for Evacuees on Ballot" (p.1), "Watering Down Rights Bill?" (p.2), "Sansei Urged to Keep Japanese Heritage" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 8 (August 24, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 8 (August 24, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-34)
Selected article titles: "Legislative Progress to Tax-Exempt Claims Seen, Committee Oks King Bill" (p.1), "House Approves WW2 Claims Bill" (p.1), "Nihonmachi Project Diagrams Presented" (p.1), "'Are You Really an America!' Badgers Nisei Students with UCLA's Project India" (p.1), "Internal Revenue Service Slashes Open a Wound" (p.2), "Pearl Harbor Spy Story Interest Revived by German Window's Suit ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 13 (March 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 13 (March 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-13)
Selected article titles: "Threat of June Vote Pressing Rumford Act" (p.1-2), "Yen Deposit Compromise Ruled" (p.1), "Youth Leadership Program Announced" (p.1).
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