Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

World War II (218)
Economic losses (547)

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547 items
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Fronts of two businesses owned by Japanese Americans forced to close after issuance of Executive Order 9066 (ddr-csujad-7-3)
img Fronts of two businesses owned by Japanese Americans forced to close after issuance of Executive Order 9066 (ddr-csujad-7-3)
Fronts of two businesses owned by Japanese Americans forced to close after issuance of Executive Order 9066. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_JA_f03
Signs announcing
img Signs announcing "evacuation" sale (ddr-csujad-7-4)
Signs announcing "evacuation" sale. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_JA_f04
Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
doc Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
Titled as: From a Nisei who said "No." Account by an unnamed Community Analyst at Manzanar of the "life experience and viewpoints" influencing a young man's "No" response to the Army registration form's Question 28. The account stems from the analyst's notes, reproduced verbatim, from an exchange between the young man and the Hearing Board authorized …
Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 36 (February 4, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-10)
doc Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 36 (February 4, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-10)
Selected article titles: "Plan Local Business Association" (p.1), "Eleventh in Series of Q's and A's on Claims Law" (p.2), "Peace: Has MacArthur Failed?" (p.6).
Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 40 (March 4, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-14)
doc Crossroads, Vol. 1, No. 40 (March 4, 1949) (ddr-densho-358-14)
Selected article titles: "House Pass Naturalization Bill" (p.1), "Bill Proposed Allowing Interned Aliens to Claim Property Loss" (p.1), "Raw Silk, Oysters Shipped from Japan" (p.2), "Nisei Strandees' Case Set for Trial March 6, May 10" (p.3).
Receipt for $20.00 paid to Catherine Johnson (ddr-densho-383-523)
doc Receipt for $20.00 paid to Catherine Johnson (ddr-densho-383-523)
For Payment on Store. Tokuda purchased the Johnson Pharmacy in 1935, was forced to sell while in camp and then repurchased the store in 1947.
Letter from O.M. Moen to George Tokuda (ddr-densho-383-553)
doc Letter from O.M. Moen to George Tokuda (ddr-densho-383-553)
Re: sale of Tokuda's store on Yesler Way, and disposition of personal property
Letter to George Tokuda from O.M. Moen (ddr-densho-383-515)
doc Letter to George Tokuda from O.M. Moen (ddr-densho-383-515)
Re: the storage and disposition of Tokuda's property from his pharmacies, and settling of accounts
Letter to Clarence Thomas from Elmer Feathers (ddr-densho-383-517)
doc Letter to Clarence Thomas from Elmer Feathers (ddr-densho-383-517)
Letter of personal recommendation for George Tokuda from his friend Elmer Feathers, letter and envelope
WRA Evacuee Property Report (ddr-densho-383-516)
doc WRA Evacuee Property Report (ddr-densho-383-516)
Receipt for George Tokuda's property stored at the Pacific Hotel basement
Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese Ancestry (ddr-densho-383-514)
doc Claim for damage to or loss of real or personal property by a person of Japanese Ancestry (ddr-densho-383-514)
Form filed by George Tokuda, Page 3 and 4 Statement of Claim due to evacuation with inventory of property lost.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 13 (March 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 13 (March 27, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-13)
Selected article titles: "Threat of June Vote Pressing Rumford Act" (p.1-2), "Yen Deposit Compromise Ruled" (p.1), "Youth Leadership Program Announced" (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 20 (May 15, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-20)
ds Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 20 (May 15, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-20)
Selected article titles: "Fiction Can Be Damaging" (p.1), "Norman Thomas to Be Honored at 18th Biennial" (p.1), "442nd Veterans Join Nat'l JACL in May 30 Rites" (p.1), "Pension Rights for Evacuees on Ballot" (p.1), "Watering Down Rights Bill?" (p.2), "Sansei Urged to Keep Japanese Heritage" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 17 (April 23, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 17 (April 23, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-17)
Selected article titles: "Alan Kumamoto Designated National JACL Youth Director" (p.1), "U.S. Agrees to Pay Nisei Family for Personal Effects Lost in Dec. 7 Bombing" (p.1), "2 Issei Chosen for Garden Hall of Fame" (p.1), "Bitter Young Republicans Get Their Comeuppance" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 15 (October 8, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-41)
Selected article titles: "President Signs Immigration Act Repealing Asian Quotas" (p.1, 3), "CREA Lauded by Commissioner Gordon for Effortts to Fight Housing Discrimination" (p.1), "Final Evacuation Claim Approved by U.S. Court of Claims" (p.1), "PNWDC Prepping for Third Try at Land Law Repeal" (p.1, 4), "History Project: "Contributions of Pacific Northwest Issei" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 17 (October 22, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 17 (October 22, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-43)
Selected article titles: "Juror's Oath on Belief in God Nix in Maryland" (p.1), "Against the KKK in Bogalusa" (p.1), "History Project: Prehistoric Americans Hailed from Asia" (p.1), "Last Evacuation Claim"(p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 7 (February 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 7 (February 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-7)
Selected article titles: "Warren's 1942 Stand Demanding Evacuation Hit" (p.1), "Agricultural Exploits of Early Day Issei in San Luis Obispo, Watsonville, Role in Monterey Fishing Told History Project" (p.1, 4), "Great Lack of Communication between Nisei and Sansei Note by Psychologists" (p.1), "Utah Governor Signs Mixed Marriage Bill" (p.1), "'Nisei: the Pride and the Shame'" (p.2, …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Cites Masaoka Letter on Restriction of Japan Imports" (p. 1), "Demo platform chairman lauds nisei loyalty" (p. 1), "Army to Curtail Japanese Language at Presidio School" (p. 1), "$187,000 for evacuation claims payment approved for 28 recipients" (p. 1), "Citizenship restoration policy for Tule Lake renunciants established" (p. 2), "College extension course …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
Selected article titles: "Lane-Hillings Evacuation Claims Bill Unanimously Passed by House" (p. 1), "Asia Reds keep up discrimination tales" (p. 1), "JACL Asks FBI Hunt 'Lincoln Yamamoto'" (p. 1), "Bob Sakata honored Colorado's young farmer of year" (p. 2), "Oregon governor praises Japanese Americans, say 'no group has better earned' right to citizenship at Snake River …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 13 (March 30, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 13 (March 30, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-13)
Selected article titles: "Editorial: The Wronged Nisei" (p. 1), " House approves $588,000 for payment of claims in 2nd supplemental bill" (p. 1), "Dick Arimoto named president of Rotary Club in Redwood City" (p. 1), "Vandals blast mailbox of Nisei" (p. 1), "New word: acculturation" (p. 2), "Japanese cultural heritage can enrich America, advises Issei naturalized …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 3 (July 20, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 3 (July 20, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-29)
Selected article titles: "Claimants requested to refrain from writing Dep't of Justice for 60 days as all claims being reviewed under 1955 amendment" (p. 1), "Kibei fired as security risk in plea to Eisenhower" (p. 1), "Action unlikely on committee ok'd bill to return war vested property" (p. 1), "Renunciation law and segregation termed by Myer …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 24 (June 15, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 24 (June 15, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-24)
Selected article titles: "Claims bill ready for consideration on Senate floor within two weeks" (p. 1), 'Alien Land Law Repeal Measure Set as Prop. 13" (p. 1), "Nat'l JACL Director Satow visits Nation's capital, visits with California congressmen" (p. 1), "Reveal identity of Nisei meeting housing bias in SF area as Richmond-El Cerrito CLer" (p. 1), …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 9 (March 2, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 9 (March 2, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-9)
Selected article titles: "Lane-Hillings evacuation claims bill slated for Mar. 5 consent calendar" (p. 1), "Newsweek Backs Nisei Loyalty, Regrets Letter" (p. 1), "Self-sacrifice of Marysville JACLers during flood emergency lauded as finest page in JACL history written by a chapter" (p. 2), "Hollywood CL aids Shonien with $104" (p. 3), "Cincinnati Mayor Charles Taft to …
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