Formation and work

The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) was created on July 30, 1980 by an act of Congress. Formed mainly to investigate matters surrounding the incarceration and to recommend appropriate remedies, the CWRIC had no power to correct grievances and was viewed as a "copout" by those fighting for more immediate redress. Still, hearings were conducted in 20 cities across the nation beginning in 1981, and in 1982 the CWRIC issued its report 'Personal Justice Denied.' It was an exhaustive work that combined the testimonies of former camp inmates given at the hearings and research conducted by a team led by Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig. Ultimately, the CWRIC recommended, among other things, $20,000 individual compensation to those incarcerated and a formal government apology. This recommendation would be the basis for the many redress bills that were to follow. *See the CWRIC collection under photos/documents for examples of the documents found by CWRIC researchers.

Redress and reparations (933)
Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) (85)
Formation and work (51)

51 items
William Marutani Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-44-12)
vh William Marutani Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-44-12)
Being the only Japanese American on the commission, knowing the facts

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were …

William Marutani Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-44-14)
vh William Marutani Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-44-14)
Having faith in the facts

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews …

William Marutani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-44-20)
vh William Marutani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-44-20)
The commission findings and recommendations, a pragmatic approach

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one …

William Marutani Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-44-15)
vh William Marutani Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-44-15)
The commission meetings, very little discussion

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The …

William Marutani Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-44-13)
vh William Marutani Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-44-13)
Larger awareness of Japanese American history

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The …

William Marutani Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-44-10)
vh William Marutani Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-44-10)
Deciding to accept the commission appointment

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The …

William Marutani Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-44-19)
vh William Marutani Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-44-19)
The decision to form a commission

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The …

William Marutani Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-44-21)
vh William Marutani Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-44-21)
Preparing the commission's recommendations

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews therefore …

Angus Macbeth Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-43-4)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-43-4)
Description of Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians staff members

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews …

Angus Macbeth Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-43-11)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-43-11)
"Personal Justice Denied": uncovering the past, creating a powerful report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited …

Angus Macbeth Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-43-18)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-43-18)
Balancing the commission's recommendations with fiscal realities

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. …

Angus Macbeth Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-43-15)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-43-15)
"Personal Justice Denied," producing the commission report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. …

Angus Macbeth Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-43-14)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-43-14)
Wanting to expand the commission report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The …

Angus Macbeth Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-43-13)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-43-13)
Reactions to the commission report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews …

Angus Macbeth Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-43-8)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-43-8)
Meeting with the commission members

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews …

Angus Macbeth Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-43-9)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-43-9)
Serving as special counsel to the commission

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. …

Angus Macbeth Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-43-12)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-43-12)
Separating the historical report from the commission's recommendations

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one …

Angus Macbeth Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-43-3)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-43-3)
First days serving as special counsel to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full …

Angus Macbeth Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-43-10)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-43-10)
Serving as special counsel to the commission

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. …

Angus Macbeth Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-43-6)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-43-6)
Serving as special counsel to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, …

Angus Macbeth Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-43-5)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-43-5)
Reviewing the testimony of the commission hearings

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. …

Angus Macbeth Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-43-7)
vh Angus Macbeth Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-43-7)
Description of the commission members

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The interviews …

Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-150-17)
vh Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-150-17)
Serving as administrator of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC)
Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-150-18)
vh Paul Bannai Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-150-18)
Meeting the staff of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC), gathering testimony from former camp inmates
API