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Formation and work

The Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) was created on July 30, 1980 by an act of Congress. Formed mainly to investigate matters surrounding the incarceration and to recommend appropriate remedies, the CWRIC had no power to correct grievances and was viewed as a "copout" by those fighting for more immediate redress. Still, hearings were conducted in 20 cities across the nation beginning in 1981, and in 1982 the CWRIC issued its report 'Personal Justice Denied.' It was an exhaustive work that combined the testimonies of former camp inmates given at the hearings and research conducted by a team led by Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig. Ultimately, the CWRIC recommended, among other things, $20,000 individual compensation to those incarcerated and a formal government apology. This recommendation would be the basis for the many redress bills that were to follow. *See the CWRIC collection under photos/documents for examples of the documents found by CWRIC researchers.

Redress and reparations (589)
Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) (48)
Formation and work (49)

49 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 12 (March 22, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 12 (March 22, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-12)
Select article titles: "Japan Actor to Visit Hollywood, Aided stranded Nisei during War" (p. 1); "Simplified form for renunciant now at I&NS" (p.1); "Purple Heart veteran steals ring; nets $10, but faces 15-yr. prison term" (p. 3); "Busy start for Monterey Peninsula CL, auxiliary and Boy Scouts calendared" (p. 5); "Permanent home for Korean tyke sought ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
Selected article titles: "More Co-Sponsors Back Internment Commission Bill" (p. 1), "PC Chronology: 1929-79 / Fifty Years" (p. 3), "Vol. 1, No. 1: What's What on the Pages in '29" (p. 3), and "Random Musings: The Nikkei Tradition" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2064 (October 12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2064 (October 12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-40)
Selected article titles: "114 Co-Sponsor HR 5499, Internment Commission Bill" (p. 1), "Assemblyman Mori Bill Solves Problem Cited by Nikkei Farmer" (p. 1), "Down to Earth: Relief in Sight" (p. 2), and "Redress Phase 2: HR 5499 in the Hopper" (pp. 4, 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 22 (November 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 22 (November 26, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-47)
Selected article titles: "Japan Grows Weary of Being 'Scapegoat' for U.S. on Trade" (pp. 1, 4), "CWRIC Member Says Commission May Urge Individual Reparations" (pp. 1, 4), "Mazzoli Sees No Bias in Immigrant Reform Bill" (pp. 1, 5), and "National JACL's Response to L.A. Times' Story: On CWRIC Report: A Statement" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 8 (August 20, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 8 (August 20, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-33)
Selected article titles: "Redress Guidelines Are Adopted; $300,000 Loan to Committee Won" (pp. 1, 6), "Japan's War Atrocities Become Subject of Best-Seller in Tokyo" (pp. 1-2), and "East Wind: 'Hentaisei': Commentary II" (p. 5).
Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
doc Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
Four-paged draft letter by the NCRR. There is a place at the end for a signature but it is not signed.
Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-160)
doc Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-160)
Letter recommending Judge Charles Z. Smith to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.
Letter to the Director of Presidential Personnel (ddr-densho-274-161)
doc Letter to the Director of Presidential Personnel (ddr-densho-274-161)
Letter recommending Judge Charles Z. Smith to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.
Letter to the Director of Presidential Personnel (ddr-densho-274-163)
doc Letter to the Director of Presidential Personnel (ddr-densho-274-163)
Letter recommending Judge Charles Z. Smith to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.
Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-162)
doc Letter to President Jimmy Carter (ddr-densho-274-162)
Letter recommending Judge Charles Z. Smith to the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians.
Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1002-8-17)
vh Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1002-8-17)
Discovering the missing "tenth copy" of John L. DeWitt's Final Report

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life ...

Jim Tsujimura Interview Segment 11 (ddr-one-7-23-11)
vh Jim Tsujimura Interview Segment 11 (ddr-one-7-23-11)
The commission approach to redress and its importance in education the community and general public

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the ...

Norman Mineta Interview Segment 5 (ddr-janm-13-3-5)
vh Norman Mineta Interview Segment 5 (ddr-janm-13-3-5)
The beginnings of the redress bill: recruiting key sponsors
Cherry Kinoshita Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-34-16)
vh Cherry Kinoshita Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-34-16)
Issues surrounding the decision to form a commission to study redress
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-127-10)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-127-10)
Collaborating with Aiko Yoshinaga and the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians
Henry Miyatake Interview VI Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-58-15)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview VI Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-58-15)
Objections to the commission study strategy: "the Issei are dying"
John Tateishi Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-469-11)
vh John Tateishi Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-469-11)
The decision to form a commission in the fight for redress
Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-16-5)
vh Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-16-5)
Serving as a staff researcher for the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference ...

William Marutani Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-44-12)
vh William Marutani Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-44-12)
Being the only Japanese American on the commission, knowing the facts

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were ...

William Marutani Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-44-13)
vh William Marutani Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-44-13)
Larger awareness of Japanese American history

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The ...

William Marutani Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-44-10)
vh William Marutani Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-44-10)
Deciding to accept the commission appointment

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one hour. The ...

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