Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (933)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

933 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
Selected article titles: "New Series a Unique Chance for JA Actors" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Bill: Attorneys Try to Decode New Technicalities" (pp. 1-2), "By the Board: Budgetary Realities" (p. 4), and "Newspapers Comment on Redress Issue" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 14 (April 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 14 (April 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-14)
Selected article titles: "State Bill Allows Payments to Ex-School Clerks" (p. 1), "East Wind: Appeal from an Issei Vet" (p. 4), "Don't Ignore U.S.-Japan" (p. 4), and "Let's Not Get Involved" (pp. 4-5).
Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR (November 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-14)
doc Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR (November 23, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-14)
Copy of a letter to Mr. Turner and Mr. Sudde from Marlene Tonai, Chair of the Bay Area NCRR, Marlene Tonai (November 23, 1991).
Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberites Act of 1988 event (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-12)
doc Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberites Act of 1988 event (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-12)
Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 event at The Great Hall (October 9, 1990).
Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation (August 10, 1988) (ddr-janm-4-41)
doc Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation (August 10, 1988) (ddr-janm-4-41)
Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation on August 10, 1988.
Poster informing the public to attend the Commission hearings (ddr-janm-4-6)
doc Poster informing the public to attend the Commission hearings (ddr-janm-4-6)
Poster informing the public to attend the Commission hearings. It gives a list of dates and times as well as the location and telephone numbers for more information.
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-8)
doc NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-8)
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) brief history and membership sign-up pamphlet.
Thank you card (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from George Kudo (May 29, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-1)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from George Kudo (May 29, 1991). White card with illustration in blue/yellow/red of a hanging scale holding a basket of blue, purple, and pink flowers. "Thank You" is written in the top right corner. Envelope is postmarked May 29, 1991 from Marysville, California.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo (ddr-janm-4-33)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo. Beige card with illustration in yellow/pink/green of two cartoon girls; one in a yellow dressing hugging the other in a pink dress. "Thanks so much" is written on the top center. There is decorative borders on the top and bottom.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (November 14, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-26)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (November 14, 1990).
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (March 2, 1992) (ddr-janm-4-29)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (March 2, 1992).
A variety of letters to various politians in Washington, D.C. most likely from the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-7)
doc A variety of letters to various politians in Washington, D.C. most likely from the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-7)
Four 1-paged letters. One addressed to Vice President George Bush, one to House Majority Leader Thomas Foley, one to an unknown representative, and one to Richard Darman. It is unknown from where or from whom the letters came from because none of them are signed or even dated.
Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
doc Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
Four-paged draft letter by the NCRR. There is a place at the end for a signature but it is not signed.
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-39)
doc NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-39)
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) brief history and membership sign-up pamphlet.
In Memoriam booklet for U.S. Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga (April 17-19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-37)
doc In Memoriam booklet for U.S. Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga (April 17-19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-37)
In Memoriam booklet for United States Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga. The memorial service took place in Honolulu, Hawai'i on April 17 through April 19, 1991.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (July 19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-27)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (July 19, 1991).
Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
img Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Date of construction of Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-117)
img Date of construction of Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-117)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Frank Sato to former President Ronald Reagan (ddr-densho-345-68)
doc Letter from Frank Sato to former President Ronald Reagan (ddr-densho-345-68)
Frank Sato thanks former President Ronald Reagan for signing into law H.R. 442, the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.
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