Renunciation of citizenship

During World War II, 5,589 American citizens of Japanese descent renounced their U.S. citizenship. The renunciations took place between December 1944 and July 1945, mostly in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. The vast majority of renunciations had little to do with "disloyalty" to the U.S., but instead were the result of a series of complex conditions and events that were beyond the control of those involved. After a legal battle, most renunciants had their U.S. citizenship restored in the 1960s.

Renunciation of citizenship (113)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Segregation

113 items
Tetsujiro
vh Tetsujiro "Tex" Nakamura Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-263-8)
Filing suit to restore citizenship

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Tetsujiro
vh Tetsujiro "Tex" Nakamura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-263-9)
The American Civil Liberties Union's approach to the renunciation cases

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Tetsujiro
vh Tetsujiro "Tex" Nakamura Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-263-19)
Description of renunciation case process

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Minoru Kiyota Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-36-12)
vh Minoru Kiyota Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-36-12)
Receiving support from a pacifist Christian group in decision to renounce U.S. citizenship

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Tule Lake Pilgrimage held at Klamath Falls, Oregon and at the site of Tule Lake incarceration camp in California. Given the limited time available during this event, the length and breadth of this interview are ...

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-165-23)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-165-23)
Working to reverse decision to renounce citizenship: working with Wayne Collins, helping form the Tule Lake Defense Committee
Affidavit (ddr-csujad-12-26)
doc Affidavit (ddr-csujad-12-26)
This affidavit belongs to Tsugitada Kanamori. It states that in 1945 he was repatriated to Japan in 1945 and that he did not swear allegience to the United States of America. According to the affidavit, Kanamori did so in order to keep his family together and to remain in camp. He also asserts that he was ...
Letter from Daniel F. Goggin, May 1, 1948 (ddr-csujad-12-2)
doc Letter from Daniel F. Goggin, May 1, 1948 (ddr-csujad-12-2)
This letter confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori worked for Daniel Goggin in an Ordnance Shop as the superintendent at the Yokohama Area Engineer Equipment Pool. Mr. Goggin explains that Kanamori is "invaluable" and he would absolutely recommend Mr. Kanamori for any position. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_01_002
Medical certificate [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-16)
doc Medical certificate [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-16)
A medical certificate issued by Atsumi, M.D., Atsumi Clinic, Tokyo, Japan. It describes Tsugitada Kanamori's health condition and medical records. He was diagnosed with heart disease and received the treatments. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_005
Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
doc Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
This half-sheet of paper certifies that Tsugitada Kanamori was sold four different drugs from the Okubo Pharmany Co., in Yokohama, Japan. English translation of this document is found in item: csudh_tsu_0018. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_006
Letter from Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen (ddr-csujad-24-92)
doc Letter from Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen (ddr-csujad-24-92)
A letter from Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen regarding the exclusion of Nisei from universities in the United States during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_009
Letter regarding cancellation of renunciation of citizenship (ddr-densho-254-5)
doc Letter regarding cancellation of renunciation of citizenship (ddr-densho-254-5)
Letter and legal documents from Wayne M. Collins informing Senichiro Takeda that his renunciation of citizenship was cancelled and that he has been declared a native born citizen of the United States.
The Newell Star, Vol. III, No. 8 (February 21, 1946) (ddr-densho-284-121)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. III, No. 8 (February 21, 1946) (ddr-densho-284-121)
Selected article titles: "Relocation: Tuleans; Relocation Co-Operation Lauded" (pp. 1-2), "Mails Must be Sent Direct to Washington" (p. 1), and "Seabrook Farms Offer Financial Assistance" (p. 2).
The Newell Star, Vol. III, No. 3 (January 18, 1946) (ddr-densho-284-113)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. III, No. 3 (January 18, 1946) (ddr-densho-284-113)
Selected article titles: "Holland: Relocation Plans for All Free People Made" (p. 1), "Clarify Rules Regarding Alien Registration" (p. 1), "Southern Pacific Railroad Looking for More Workers" (p. 2), and "Student Relocation Council Services Offered Students" (p. 4).
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 7 (February 15, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-56)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 7 (February 15, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-56)
Selected article titles: "Dept. of Justice: Status of Renunciants Defined by Rothestein" (pp. 1-2), "WRA Closes Quarters of Hoshi, Hokoku Seinen Dan" (pp. 1-2), "Excludees Now Able to Relocated East and South" (p. 2), and "Contact with Japan Through Red Cross" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 41 (May 12, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-109)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 41 (May 12, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-109)
"Paint the Town Clean" (p. 1), "JACL-ADC Hails U.S. Decision on Restrictive Covenants" (p. 1), "Ruling on Eisler Case to Affect U.S. Aliens Facing Deportation" (p. 1), "Final Word on "Citizens' Due July 29" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 59 (August 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-46)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 59 (August 19, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-46)
"Japanese Canadians Slate Parley in Toronto" (p. 1), "JACL Should Help Nisei Businesses Instead of Lobbying in Capitol, Says Dr. Kunitomo in Visit Here" (p. 1), "Court Stands Pat on Ruling: Release U.S. Renunciants" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 66 (September 12, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-53)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 66 (September 12, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-53)
"Citizenship Rights Restored to 4 Nisei Renunciants" (p.1), "ACLU Aide Lauds JACL-ADC Work" (p. 1), "What They Say About Canada's Quiz of Japanese Evacuation Losses" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Cites Masaoka Letter on Restriction of Japan Imports" (p. 1), "Demo platform chairman lauds nisei loyalty" (p. 1), "Army to Curtail Japanese Language at Presidio School" (p. 1), "$187,000 for evacuation claims payment approved for 28 recipients" (p. 1), "Citizenship restoration policy for Tule Lake renunciants established" (p. 2), "College extension ...
Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1010-8-24)
vh Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1010-8-24)
Separated from family and sent to Santa Fe

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1002-4-14)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1002-4-14)
Decision to renounce U.S. citizenship

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

Bill Nishimura Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-119-8)
vh Bill Nishimura Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-119-8)
Decision to renounce U.S. citizenship: "We really didn't have any choice"; forming the Hoshidan, moving to Santa Fe internment camp, New Mexico; a chaotic incident with the border-patrol

This interview took place at the 2000 Tule Lake Pilgrimage in Klamath Falls, Oregon.

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-432-15)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-432-15)
Using the threat of renunciation of citizenship as leverage (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material ...

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