Renunciation of citizenship

During World War II, 5,589 American citizens of Japanese descent renounced their U.S. citizenship. The renunciations took place between December 1944 and July 1945, mostly in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. The vast majority of renunciations had little to do with "disloyalty" to the U.S., but instead were the result of a series of complex conditions and events that were beyond the control of those involved. After a legal battle, most renunciants had their U.S. citizenship restored in the 1960s.

Renunciation of citizenship (115)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Segregation

115 items
Tetsujiro
vh Tetsujiro "Tex" Nakamura Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-263-4)
Description of "Red Hots," pro-Japanese factions in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Tetsujiro
vh Tetsujiro "Tex" Nakamura Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-263-17)
Reactions of people upon regaining their U.S. citizenship

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-154-25)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-154-25)
Transferred with brother to Bismarck, North Dakota, a Department of Justice camp
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-165-22)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-165-22)
Renouncing U.S. citizenship: "I had a funny feeling that I had done something, something wrong"
Receipt from Okubo Pharmacy Company, English transration (ddr-csujad-12-18)
doc Receipt from Okubo Pharmacy Company, English transration (ddr-csujad-12-18)
This half-sheet of paper certifies that Tsugitada Kanamori was sold four different drugs from the Okubo Pharmany Co., in Yokohama, Japan. Translator is Henry Tanisaki, Manager, Japan Chemical Service. English translation of the original receipt in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0017. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_007
Standard certificate of birth (ddr-csujad-12-21)
doc Standard certificate of birth (ddr-csujad-12-21)
The certified copy of Tsugitada Kanamori's birth certificate issued by the California State Board of Health, the Bureau of Vital Statistics. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_07_002
Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-20)
doc Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-20)
The certified copy of Tsugitada Kanamori's family registration in Japan, issued by Ryoitsu Kikuchi, the Mayor of Miyagi Shida-gun Kashimadai. The document lists his permanent domicile, his parents' names, date and place of birth (September 7, 1922, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard), his marriage to Kazuko Miyamoto. Also it includes Kazuko's date and place ...
Letter from M.C. Morton, M.D., Director, Bluff Hospital, to Whom It May Concern, July 24, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-19)
doc Letter from M.C. Morton, M.D., Director, Bluff Hospital, to Whom It May Concern, July 24, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-19)
This letter, issued by Morton, M.C., M.D., Director, Bluff Hospital, Yokohama, Japan, explains that Tsugitada Kanamori has requested a certificate of ill health for the purpose of establishing dependency upon arrival to the Bluff Hospital in Yokohama. The letter describes his history of asthmatic attacks and the treatment for his cardiac asthma. See this object in ...
Memorandum from George H. Zentz, American Consul, American Consulate General Yokohama, to Tsugitada Kanamori, July 28, 1953 (ddr-csujad-12-6)
doc Memorandum from George H. Zentz, American Consul, American Consulate General Yokohama, to Tsugitada Kanamori, July 28, 1953 (ddr-csujad-12-6)
This memorandum issued by George H. Zentz, American Consul, American Consulate General Yokohama, confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori is a citizen of the United States based on his birth records. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_02_001
Satsuki Ina Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-474-4)
vh Satsuki Ina Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-474-4)
Wartime trauma parents experienced ripples down to children
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-432-15)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-432-15)
Using the threat of renunciation of citizenship as leverage (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material ...

Scrapbook page with one article (ddr-densho-35-400)
doc Scrapbook page with one article (ddr-densho-35-400)
Newspaper clipping from the Oregonian titled "They've Changed Their Minds."
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 40 (October 5, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-88)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 40 (October 5, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-88)
Selected article titles: "Justice Dept. Begins Renuncee Registration" (p. 1), "Justice Dept. Scheduled to Replace Army Wednesday" (p. 1), "Japanese POW's Go to Cotton Fields" (p. 2), and "To Potential Resettlers: 2 Prominent Tuleans Give Reports on Trips Outside" (p. 5).
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 47 (November 23, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-101)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 47 (November 23, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-101)
Selected article titles: "Sail from L.A. Dec. 2: 325 to Leave Center for Hawaii Next Friday" (p. 1), "First Group of 'Repats' Leaves Tule Lake Today" (p. 1), "Renunciant Case Draws Comment from S.F. Paper" (p. 2), and "Charles Miller: Gives Report on Northern Calif. Housing Facilities" (p. 3).
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 38 (November 16, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-40)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 38 (November 16, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-40)
Selected article titles: "Renunciation Bill: Initial Procedures Clarified by Legal Aid" (p. 1), "2 Fires Result from Overheated Coal Stoves" (p. 2), and "Evacuee Property Office: Real Estate Problems Aired for Evacuees" (pp. 2, 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
"U.S. Court Hears Status of 5,500 Nisei" (p. 1), "Seeks Passage of Claims Bill" (p. 1), "M.I.S. Grads Total 2,675 in Monterey" (p. 1).
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-4-5)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-4-5)
Discussion of decision in camp to renounce U.S. citizenship, family's near-deportation to Japan

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically ...

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1002-4-6)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1002-4-6)
The stigma of being a "no-no" and a renunciant postwar

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, ...

Sarah Sato Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-81-24)
vh Sarah Sato Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-81-24)
Deciding to renounce U.S. citizenship, separating the family
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