Renunciation of citizenship

During World War II, 5,589 American citizens of Japanese descent renounced their U.S. citizenship. The renunciations took place between December 1944 and July 1945, mostly in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. The vast majority of renunciations had little to do with "disloyalty" to the U.S., but instead were the result of a series of complex conditions and events that were beyond the control of those involved. After a legal battle, most renunciants had their U.S. citizenship restored in the 1960s.

World War II (54)
Resistance and dissidence (50)
Renunciation of citizenship (116)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Segregation

116 items
Request for certificate [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-13)
doc Request for certificate [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-13)
English translation of the certificate. The original certificate in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0012. This certificate was requested by Tsugitada Kanamori, addressed to Nakao Ito, the Mayor of Yokohama City Naka Ward, to certify that Yoshiro Okubo is a welfare commissioner at Bojyo-kai Fifth District. Nakao Ito certifies that the information provided, namely that Yoshiro ...
Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-23)
doc Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-23)
The certified copy of Tsugitada Kanamori's family registration in Japan, issued by Ryoitsu Kikuchi, the Mayor of Miyagi Shida-gun Kashimadai. Includes information about his birth date of September 7, 1922, his birth place, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard just north of Los Angeles, as well as information about the marriage to his wife, Kazuko ...
Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-20)
doc Family register certification for Tsugitada Kanamori, in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-20)
The certified copy of Tsugitada Kanamori's family registration in Japan, issued by Ryoitsu Kikuchi, the Mayor of Miyagi Shida-gun Kashimadai. The document lists his permanent domicile, his parents' names, date and place of birth (September 7, 1922, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard), his marriage to Kazuko Miyamoto. Also it includes Kazuko's date and place ...
Letter from Wayne M. Collins to Tsugitada Kanamori, May 13, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-9)
doc Letter from Wayne M. Collins to Tsugitada Kanamori, May 13, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-9)
This letter refers to the court proceedings in item: csudh_tsu_0010. The letter reiterates the court decision that Tsugitada Kanamori's renunciation of his citizenship as a result of "fear, coercion, and duress," will be canceled and therefore confirming that Kanamori remains a citizen of the United States. Collins adds that the transmittal letter can be taken to ...
Affidavit in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-1)
doc Affidavit in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-1)
An affidavit written by Kobayashi Trading Company in Tokyo to the Mayor of Yokohama City Naka Ward. It confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori used the Kobayashi Trading Company as a Tokyo office from January 1, 1953 through December 31, 1953. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_01_001
Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
doc Recipt from Okubo Phamacy Co., in Japanese (ddr-csujad-12-17)
This half-sheet of paper certifies that Tsugitada Kanamori was sold four different drugs from the Okubo Pharmany Co., in Yokohama, Japan. English translation of this document is found in item: csudh_tsu_0018. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_006
Standard certificate of birth (ddr-csujad-12-21)
doc Standard certificate of birth (ddr-csujad-12-21)
The certified copy of Tsugitada Kanamori's birth certificate issued by the California State Board of Health, the Bureau of Vital Statistics. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_07_002
Affidavit (ddr-csujad-12-26)
doc Affidavit (ddr-csujad-12-26)
This affidavit belongs to Tsugitada Kanamori. It states that in 1945 he was repatriated to Japan in 1945 and that he did not swear allegience to the United States of America. According to the affidavit, Kanamori did so in order to keep his family together and to remain in camp. He also asserts that he was ...
Medical certificate [for Tsugitada Kanamori, English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-14)
doc Medical certificate [for Tsugitada Kanamori, English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-14)
English translation of medical certificate for Tsugitada Kanamori. The original certificate in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0015. This medical certificate, issued by Toshiko Takahashi, M.D., Konan Hospital, confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori has bronchial asthma and has received treatment. The translator is Henry Tanisaki, Manager, Japan Chemical Service. See this object in the California State Universities ...
Letter from William E. Gotcher, February 3, 1948 (ddr-csujad-12-3)
doc Letter from William E. Gotcher, February 3, 1948 (ddr-csujad-12-3)
In this letter, a former employer of Tsugitada Kanamori writes a letter of reference, describing him as a hard working, trustworthy, and honest employee. Mr. William E. Gotcher confirms that Kanamori was an employee of the Yokohama Area Engineer Equipment Pool for two years and had held several positions. See this object in the California State ...
Letter from Daniel F. Goggin, May 1, 1948 (ddr-csujad-12-2)
doc Letter from Daniel F. Goggin, May 1, 1948 (ddr-csujad-12-2)
This letter confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori worked for Daniel Goggin in an Ordnance Shop as the superintendent at the Yokohama Area Engineer Equipment Pool. Mr. Goggin explains that Kanamori is "invaluable" and he would absolutely recommend Mr. Kanamori for any position. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_01_002
Memorandum from George H. Zentz, American Consul, American Consulate General Yokohama, to Tsugitada Kanamori, July 28, 1953 (ddr-csujad-12-6)
doc Memorandum from George H. Zentz, American Consul, American Consulate General Yokohama, to Tsugitada Kanamori, July 28, 1953 (ddr-csujad-12-6)
This memorandum issued by George H. Zentz, American Consul, American Consulate General Yokohama, confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori is a citizen of the United States based on his birth records. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_02_001
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, May 31, 1993 (ddr-csujad-24-94)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, May 31, 1993 (ddr-csujad-24-94)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin. Also included is a letter to Weglyn and a letter written by Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen about Japanese American draft resisters during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_011
Letter from Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen (ddr-csujad-24-92)
doc Letter from Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen (ddr-csujad-24-92)
A letter from Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen regarding the exclusion of Nisei from universities in the United States during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_009
Certificates [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-12)
doc Certificates [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-12)
Two certificates are included: A certificate form submitted by Tsugitada Kanamori to the Mayor of Yokohama City Naka Ward. Kanamori requested to certify that Yoshiro Okubo was a welfare commissioner of Yokohama City Naka Ward Bojyo-kai Fifth District in 1958 and Nakao Ito, Mayor of Yokohama City Naka Ward, certified it on July 21, 1958. English ...
Final order, judgement, and decree as to certain named plaintiffs who have submitted affidavits in lieu of oral testimony (ddr-csujad-12-10)
doc Final order, judgement, and decree as to certain named plaintiffs who have submitted affidavits in lieu of oral testimony (ddr-csujad-12-10)
According to these court proceedings the plaintiff by Charles Elmer Collett, Assistant United States Attorney, Attorneys for Defendants, Tsugitada Kanamori is to be hereinafter identified as a citizen of the United States of America. This document makes it clear that the purported renunciation of his citizenship is "null, void, and without legal effect upon that status ...
Receipt from Okubo Pharmacy Company, English transration (ddr-csujad-12-18)
doc Receipt from Okubo Pharmacy Company, English transration (ddr-csujad-12-18)
This half-sheet of paper certifies that Tsugitada Kanamori was sold four different drugs from the Okubo Pharmany Co., in Yokohama, Japan. Translator is Henry Tanisaki, Manager, Japan Chemical Service. English translation of the original receipt in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0017. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_007
Letter from D.F. Goggin, Motor Officer, to the American Consul, Yokohama, Japan, April 18, 1951 (ddr-csujad-12-5)
doc Letter from D.F. Goggin, Motor Officer, to the American Consul, Yokohama, Japan, April 18, 1951 (ddr-csujad-12-5)
This letter confirms that Tsugitada Kanamori has worked for D.F. Goggin since June 1946 at the time this letter was written and has been a model employee. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_01_005
Medical certificate [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-16)
doc Medical certificate [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-16)
A medical certificate issued by Atsumi, M.D., Atsumi Clinic, Tokyo, Japan. It describes Tsugitada Kanamori's health condition and medical records. He was diagnosed with heart disease and received the treatments. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tsu_01_06_005
Attached answers to affidavit questions (ddr-csujad-12-27)
doc Attached answers to affidavit questions (ddr-csujad-12-27)
This item contains the more in-depth answers to questions on the affidavit that Tsugitada Kanamori submitted. In these extended answers to questions about Kanamori's repatriation to Japan and his refusal to pledge allegiance to the United States, he discusses his fear of violence and desire to keep his family together which resulted in his answering of ...
Copy of census register [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-22)
doc Copy of census register [English translation] (ddr-csujad-12-22)
English translation of the census information for Tsugitada Kanamori. The original document in Japanese is found in item: csudh_tsu_0023. It includes information about his birth date of September 7, 1922, his birth place, the city of Port Hueneme in Oxnard just north of Los Angeles, as well as information about the marriage to his wife, Kazuko ...
Letter from Wayne M. Collins, Attorney at Law, to Tsugitada Kanamori, May 19, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-11)
doc Letter from Wayne M. Collins, Attorney at Law, to Tsugitada Kanamori, May 19, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-11)
This letter by Wayne M. Collins, Attorney at Law, discusses the "Final Order, Judgement and Decree," which was brought to litigation on behalf of Tsugitada Kanamori, who had renounced his United States citizenship. According to the judgement, which can be seen in item: csudh_tsu_0010, this renunciation is null and void and thus Kanamori will remain a ...
Letter from M.C. Morton, M.D., Director, Bluff Hospital, to Whom It May Concern, July 24, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-19)
doc Letter from M.C. Morton, M.D., Director, Bluff Hospital, to Whom It May Concern, July 24, 1958 (ddr-csujad-12-19)
This letter, issued by Morton, M.C., M.D., Director, Bluff Hospital, Yokohama, Japan, explains that Tsugitada Kanamori has requested a certificate of ill health for the purpose of establishing dependency upon arrival to the Bluff Hospital in Yokohama. The letter describes his history of asthmatic attacks and the treatment for his cardiac asthma. See this object in ...
Certification of health care provider [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-15)
doc Certification of health care provider [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-12-15)
The document issued by Toshiko Takahashi, M.D., Minato Minami Hospital, describes Tsugitada Kanamori's health condition and medical records. He was diagnosed with Bronchial Asthma and received the treatments for a month from April 1950. English translation of this document is found in item: csudh_tsu_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Letter from D.F. Goggin, Motor Officer, April 5, 1950 (ddr-csujad-12-4)
doc Letter from D.F. Goggin, Motor Officer, April 5, 1950 (ddr-csujad-12-4)
In this letter, D.F. Goggin, Motor Officer, affirms that Tsugitada Kanamori was employed by his organization starting June 8, 1946 and was still employed there at the time this letter was written. He remarks that Kanamori is a loyal and honest employee and recommends him for any position. See this object in the California State Universities ...
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