Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (34)
Resistance and dissidence (10)
Segregation and Tule Lake (164)
Hoshidan
No no boys (2)
Stockade (2)

164 items
doc "Japanese Americans Educated in Japan" (ddr-densho-155-24)
War Relocation Authority's Community Analysis Report No. 8.
Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-156-180)
doc Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-156-180)
Report on Senate Resolution No. 166 Relating to Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers and Plans for Future Operation of Such Centers.
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 5 (February 1, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-54)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 5 (February 1, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-54)
Selected article titles: "Myer on Tule Lake: Assures Operation of Center Through 1945" (p. 1), "171 Internees Depart for Santa Fe Friday" (p. 1), and "Hectic Year for Mr. Stork Foreseen" (p. 2).
Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-6-15)
vh Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-6-15)
Transferring to Tule Lake: participating in group exercises in the mornings
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-432-18)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-432-18)
Establishing rules and structure for the youth groups in Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Kazie Good Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-429-15)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-429-15)
Murder of father's friend prompts immediate plans to leave camp
Chizuko Norton Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-73-28)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-73-28)
Tule Lake as a "segregation center," memories of a particular family
Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-22-12)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-22-12)
Thoughts on the Tule Lake "segregees"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding the ...

Kenge Kobayashi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-37-12)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-37-12)
Implementation of martial law by camp administrators during the riots at Tule Lake concentration camp
Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
Attending Japanese language school in camp

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-432-13)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-432-13)
Questioning the martial law status of Tule Lake when it was a segregation center (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or ...

Jimi Yamaichi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-106-14)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-106-14)
Memories of martial law in Tule Lake, food scarcity, riots, Hoshidan group grows in strength
Chizuko Norton Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-73-27)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-73-27)
Conflict within Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-164-26)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-164-26)
Arrival at Tule Lake, witnessing confusion as many people are arriving and leaving
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