Agriculture

Many Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) began as sharecroppers. Others sought to buy land, but the Issei had to overcome obstacles preventing them from competing with white farmers. California and other states passed alien land laws prohibiting Asian immigrants from purchasing or leasing agricultural land. There were ways around the discriminatory laws: an Issei father could put the property in the name of his American-born child, or issei could form corporations in which a majority of the shareholders were American citizens. Despite the alien land laws, Issei farmers played a significant role in West Coast agriculture. In the years just prior to World War II, Japanese American families grew 35 percent of the produce in California. By the 1920s, Japanese Americans supplied 75 percent of the produce and half the milk to the Puget Sound region.

Industry and employment (332)
Agriculture (505)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Seabrook Farms

505 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 9 (February 26, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 9 (February 26, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-9)
Selected article titles: "History Project Drafting Plans of Nisei Survey" (p.1), "JACL to Seek Help for 'Tanno' on Humanitarian Principle" (p.1), "Prop. 14-type Threat Cited as Colorado Houses [sic] Passes Stronger Fair Housing Bill" (p.1), "In Memoriam: Larry Tajiri" (p.2), "History Project Uncovers 'Depressed Area' among Japanese Pear Orchardists in Placer County; Okei Grave Beautification Urged" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 6 (February 18, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 74, No. 6 (February 18, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-6)
Selected article titles: "Seattle Fire Chief Raps Article Poking Fun at Asians, Chicanos" (p.1), "L.A. High Tensions Still Unabated" (p.1), "Mike Masaoka Hands in Notice to Terminate" (p.1), "Fear of Hysteria Led to Evacuation" (p.3-4), "Spring Pilgrimage to Manzanar on Mar. 25 Prelude to Dedication" (p.3-4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 17 (October 27, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 17 (October 27, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-42)
Selected article titles: "Utah Japanese Opposing Two Expansion Plans" (p.1), "Great Western Sugar Purchased by Nisei-Chaired Cooperative" (p.1), "Looking After 3,000 Acres" (p.2), "School Busing in Calif. Face Voters as Proposition 21" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 14 (October 6, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-39)
Selected article titles: "Chavez Hurls Threat at Nisei Farm League" (p.1, 5), "Yen Claims Bill: Questions Raised, Answers Furnished" (p.1), "Immigrants Changing New York" (p.1), "A Nisei View of Japan: Understand the Japanese?" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 6 (August 11, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 75, No. 6 (August 11, 1972) (ddr-pc-44-31)
Selected article titles: "Seabrook Farms Eye Japanese Industries" (p.1), "Plight of Issei Living Below Poverty Level Raises Questions" (p.1), "San Francisco Community Group Toiling to Revitalize: (p.1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 12, (September 21, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 12, (September 21, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-37)
Select article titles: "50th Anniversary JACL's Oldest Chapter to Honor Hirasuna" (p.1); "Asian Americans Surpass Nat'l Average: Census" (p.1); "Nisei Farmers Form Patrols to Protect Raisins" (p.1); "Hakujin Comic Mistakes Nisei for Native from Japan" (p.2); "Japan Embassy Accepts Denial of FBI Break-in" (p.3); "Japanese Classes Underway at S.F. Grade, Jr. Highs" (p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 23, (June 15, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-23)
Select article titles: "New York Nikkei Groups Form Housing Corp" (p.1); "WRA Records to Be Retained in Nat'l Archives" (p.1); "Evacuee Teacher Bill Passes First Step in Sac'to" (p.1); "Bannai Bandwagon Rolls" (p.2); "U.S. Civil Rights Commission to Hear Problems of Calif. Asian American" (p.3); "Nisei Farmers League Defending Right of Farm Workers and Protecting Farms" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 22, (June 8, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 22, (June 8, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-22)
Select article titles: "San Mateo City Council Anti-Nikkei Bias Festering" (p.1); "Aged Issei Seen as Target of Pressure from Nikkei Groups, Says Utah Savant" (p.1); "Bannai Looms as First Nisei to Sit in Assembly" (p.1); "Jobless Sac'to Asian Teachers Protest Hawaii Recruitment"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 22 (November 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 22 (November 25, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-46)
Selected article titles: "Dr. Tom Yatabe, 80: 'Granddaddy of JACL" (p.1, 3), "NC-WNDC Reparation Survey: Only 5% Opposition" (p.1), "Cathy: Help for the Homeless" (p.1-2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 13 (September 23, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 13 (September 23, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-37)
Selected article titles: "JACL and CIC Testify for Evacuee Credit" (p.1), "JACL Looks at U.S.-Japan Friendship Act" (p.1), "EXECOM Actions Colored 'Gravenstein'" (p.1-2), "Ethnic Past's Preservation Is State's Aim" (p.2), "Reparations Survey Underway" (p.3), "YPCC Reunion-Every 50 Years" (p.4), "No 'Farewell to Manzanar'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
Selected article titles: "1400 Nikkei Turnout for Hayakawa" (p.1), "East Coast Nikkei Less Inclined for Individual Reparation Pay" (p.1), "The Great Drought of '77" (p.3), "The Intermarriage Question" (p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the Nikkei" (p.7), "A Third Position Presented ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 10 (March 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 10 (March 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-10)
Selected article titles: "JACL Panel Stresses Bilingual Programs in School Integration" (p.1), "HEW, Labor Cabinet Heads Assure Affirmative Action" (p.1), "Nat't JACL Director Selection Process" (p.2), "Two Ariyoshi Bills to Stem Flow of Newcomers" (p.2, 10", "Drought Affects Nisei Farms" (p.6), "Filial Piety in Sansei" (p.7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 23 (December 2, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-47)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court Refuses Appeal from Young-Chin" (p.1), "Nisei Growers/Pickers in Wage Row" (p.1, 5), "Schools Built by Evacuees at Poston I and II to Be Razed" (p.1), "When Sachio Left Town, Even the Cows Were Blue" (p.3), "Anti-Minority Backlash" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
Selected article titles: "Farm Leader Harry Kubo to Address Tri-District" (p.1-2), "NIMH Director Cites Issues Facing JACL" (p.1), "TV Newsman Carried Pardon Banner Since '68" (p.1-2), "Intermountain Feedback on Reparations Sought" (p.2, 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 4 (February 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 4 (February 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-4)
Select article titles: "Chinese Immigration Relief Act Veto Sustained; Bush's Executive Order Rules"(p.1); "Study of JACL's Actions During WWII Due for April Presentation"(p.1); "Sen Nishiyama Compares Heritage and Human Rights in U.S.-Japan Relations at Selanoco Fete"(p.3); "Issei History of U.S. in Agriculture"(p.6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 6 (February 16, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 6 (February 16, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-6)
Select article titles: "NBC Sportscaster Apologizes for Racial Slurs in S.F. Talk Show"(p.1);"Spokane Spokesman Review, Nikkei Elders to Be Honored; Nakagawa, Ujifusa to Speak"(p.1);"Hate Crimes Stats Bill Passes Senate"(p.3); "Texas Issei Farms in Rio Grande Valley Succeed Except the 'Yamato Colony'"(p.5).
Welding (ddr-one-1-442)
img Welding (ddr-one-1-442)
Color slide of an unidentified man wearing a welding helmet and holding tools. Appears to be working on repairing a piece of machinery. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Cart (ddr-one-1-632)
img Cart (ddr-one-1-632)
Black and white photographic negative of a cart with dirt covering the wheels.
Tractors (ddr-one-1-452)
img Tractors (ddr-one-1-452)
Color slide of two parked John Deere tractors in a field, appears to be an old John Deere 1940s model M and a newer 1950s Model A with a fork loader attached to the front. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951. For black and white negative please see ONLC 4821, for black and white ...
Frank on a tractor (ddr-one-1-574)
img Frank on a tractor (ddr-one-1-574)
Black and white photographic negative of Frank Hirahara sitting on an old tractor at a farm.
Kenjiro Kida in field (ddr-one-3-78)
img Kenjiro Kida in field (ddr-one-3-78)
Black and white photograph of Kenjiro Kida standing next to a sapling in a field. Above his head is written "Kida" in red ink. On the back is written "Kenjiro Kida" in pencil.
Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American (ddr-one-3-76)
doc Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American (ddr-one-3-76)
November 5, 1953 issue of the Mt. Adams Sun, Volume XIX, Number 6. The newspaper contains an article on the front page titled "Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American." The article is about the Kenjiro and Miyuki "Kay" Kida process for American citizenship and their experiences living in the United States.
George Pyatt in front of downed tree (ddr-one-3-77)
img George Pyatt in front of downed tree (ddr-one-3-77)
Black and white photograph of four people, two standing on a downed tree, two sanding in front. George Pyatt standing in front of the down tree on the right side, "Pyatt" written below in red ink. Written on back of photograph: "Kay and Kida will know this one. George Pyatt in foreground."
Children on a farm (ddr-densho-28-9)
img Children on a farm (ddr-densho-28-9)
The Suguro farm was located in the Midlakes area of Bellevue, Washington. Front (left to right): Sumie and Toshi Suguro. Back: Mae Suguro, Eva Aramaki, and Mitsue Suguro.
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