Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

Economic losses (231)

231 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 4 (January 13, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-265)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 4 (January 13, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-265)
"Slight Changes in Alien Stay Rulings Cited" (p. 1), "West Coast Evacuees Can't be Paid for Certain Expenses, Justice Rules" (p. 1), "Bills to Aid Asian Kin of GI's Studied" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 66 (September 12, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-53)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 66 (September 12, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-53)
"Citizenship Rights Restored to 4 Nisei Renunciants" (p.1), "ACLU Aide Lauds JACL-ADC Work" (p. 1), "What They Say About Canada's Quiz of Japanese Evacuation Losses" (p. 4).
Farewell letter posted in Chinatown restaurant (ddr-densho-151-117)
img Farewell letter posted in Chinatown restaurant (ddr-densho-151-117)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Farewell letter posted in show window of T.Z. Shiota, importer in San Francisco's Chinatown, prior to evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry. Evacuees will be housed at War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Japanese American selling possessions (ddr-densho-151-275)
img Japanese American selling possessions (ddr-densho-151-275)
Original caption: Centerville, California. Scene in the Japanese American Citizens League local office. This office is assisting the farmers of Japanese ancestry in this district to arrange their affairs for evacuation and to keep them posted on events. Harry Konda, officer of the league, is disposing of a washing machine to a local Mexican farm laborer's ...
Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-126)
img Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-126)
Original caption: Near Mission San Jose, California. This family of Japanese ancestry have but a few more days to work in their stawberry field before evacuation to an assembly point from where they will later be transferred to a War Relocation Authority center to spend the duration.
Japanese Americans boarding up their store (ddr-densho-151-234)
img Japanese Americans boarding up their store (ddr-densho-151-234)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Owners of Japanese ancestry board up windows of their stores prior to evacuation. Evacuees will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Restaurant vacated by Japanese American owner (ddr-densho-151-85)
img Restaurant vacated by Japanese American owner (ddr-densho-151-85)
Original caption: The full caption for this photograph reads: San Francisco, California. Entrance to a restaurant vacated by a proprietor of Japanese descent prior to evacuation. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers where they will spend the duration.
Closing barn on day of mass removal (ddr-densho-151-194)
img Closing barn on day of mass removal (ddr-densho-151-194)
Original caption: Centerville, California. Nailing the hayloft door on the morning of evacuation. Farmers and other evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be given opportunities to follow their callings at War Relocation Authority centers where they will spend the duration.
Household goods waiting for storage (ddr-densho-151-287)
img Household goods waiting for storage (ddr-densho-151-287)
Original caption: Woodland, California. Household goods belonging to evacuees of Japanese ancestry, stacked for storage. The Federal Reserve Bank is assisting, in conjunction with the Wartime Civil Control Administration, in the final settlement of their affairs.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 43, No. 7 (August 17, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-33)
Selected article titles: "Congressman Cites Masaoka Letter on Restriction of Japan Imports" (p. 1), "Demo platform chairman lauds nisei loyalty" (p. 1), "Army to Curtail Japanese Language at Presidio School" (p. 1), "$187,000 for evacuation claims payment approved for 28 recipients" (p. 1), "Citizenship restoration policy for Tule Lake renunciants established" (p. 2), "College extension course ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 13 (March 30, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 13 (March 30, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-13)
Selected article titles: "Editorial: The Wronged Nisei" (p. 1), " House approves $588,000 for payment of claims in 2nd supplemental bill" (p. 1), "Dick Arimoto named president of Rotary Club in Redwood City" (p. 1), "Vandals blast mailbox of Nisei" (p. 1), "New word: acculturation" (p. 2), "Japanese cultural heritage can enrich America, advises Issei naturalized ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 26 (June 29, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 26 (June 29, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-26)
Selected article titles: "House concurs with Senate on claims. JACL to urge President to sign evacuation claims amendment bill" (p. 1), "14th Biennial Convention Program Announced by JACL Headquarters"(p. 1), "Teenage gang war breaks out" (p. 1), "ACLU scores federal housing program lag" (p. 1), "Expiration date of Watkins Act for Nisei voting in Japan elections ...
Yoshimi Matsuura Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1014-6-11)
vh Yoshimi Matsuura Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1014-6-11)
Hearing about the bombing of Pearl Harbor: changed relationships with friends
Harvey Watanabe Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1008-5-15)
vh Harvey Watanabe Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1008-5-15)
Loss of family property

Members of the National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS) arranged for and conducted this interview in conjunction with Densho.

Dave Tatsuno Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1005-4-2)
vh Dave Tatsuno Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1005-4-2)
Losing possessions to unscrupulous caretakers of property during the war
Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-98-18)
vh Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-98-18)
Impact of mass removal on family business, selling at a loss, "we never recovered from, really..."
Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-167-6)
vh Joe Yamakido Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-167-6)
Personal reactions to mass removal, family's economic losses: "I was bitter"
John Kanda Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-116-3)
vh John Kanda Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-116-3)
Forced to move to the Pinedale Assembly Center, California, losing the family farm

This interview is part of a collaborative effort of the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizens League and Densho.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 4 (July 27, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 4 (July 27, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-30)
Selected article titles: "Gov. Brown Vows to Make Appeal to JFK on Japanese Evacuees Tax Claim" (p.1), "Myer Lauds Calm Attitude of Issei in Convention Tribute" (p.1), "The Portuguese of Hawaii, Once Classified Separately in Census, Preferred by Sugar Planters Because of Philosophy" (p.1-2).
Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, October 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-18)
doc Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, October 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-18)
A letter from Usami Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas in Lawndale, California. The letter discusses the Japanese American incarcerees returning to California and the West Coast. He describes the returning people as "half bred or wife of Caucasian" and a female attending Pasadena Junior College. He expresses ...
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Akiko Matsui (ddr-csujad-8-37)
doc Akiko Matsui (ddr-csujad-8-37)
Oral history interview with Akiko Matsui. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Matsui, Akiko
API