Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

Economic losses (231)

231 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 7 (August 17, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 7 (August 17, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-33)
Selected article titles: "Evacuation Claims Clarification" (p.1), "Kennedy Asked to Direct IRS Defer Action on Tax Claim" (p.1), "Religious Freedom for U.S. Buddhists" (p.2), "Nisei Rebuffed 20 Years Ago by Bakers Union Voted Head of Retail Bakers Group" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 17 (October 22, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 17 (October 22, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-43)
Selected article titles: "Juror's Oath on Belief in God Nix in Maryland" (p.1), "Against the KKK in Bogalusa" (p.1), "History Project: Prehistoric Americans Hailed from Asia" (p.1), "Last Evacuation Claim"(p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 7 (February 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 7 (February 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-7)
Selected article titles: "Warren's 1942 Stand Demanding Evacuation Hit" (p.1), "Agricultural Exploits of Early Day Issei in San Luis Obispo, Watsonville, Role in Monterey Fishing Told History Project" (p.1, 4), "Great Lack of Communication between Nisei and Sansei Note by Psychologists" (p.1), "Utah Governor Signs Mixed Marriage Bill" (p.1), "'Nisei: the Pride and the Shame'" (p.2, ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-10)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Kei Koyama at Fort Missula from his wife, Teru Koyama, in Portland. Postmarked March 24, 1942. In the lower left corner is a "CENSORED" stamp. The enclosed letter, dated March 23, 1942, has the same stamp at the top of the page. Teru writes about receiving his last letter, which made everyone ...
Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
doc Community Analysis Notes, no. 1, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-84)
Titled as: From a Nisei who said "No." Account by an unnamed Community Analyst at Manzanar of the "life experience and viewpoints" influencing a young man's "No" response to the Army registration form's Question 28. The account stems from the analyst's notes, reproduced verbatim, from an exchange between the young man and the Hearing Board authorized ...
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Dr. Mae Takahashi and Mr. Yoshito Takahashi (ddr-csujad-8-72)
doc Dr. Mae Takahashi and Mr. Yoshito Takahashi (ddr-csujad-8-72)
Oral history interview with Dr. Mae Takahashi and Mr. Yoshio Takahashi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Takahashi, Dr Mae and Mr Yoshito
Michio and June Toshiyuki (ddr-csujad-8-77)
doc Michio and June Toshiyuki (ddr-csujad-8-77)
Oral history interview with Michio and June Toshiyuki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Toshiyuki, Michio and June
Signs announcing
img Signs announcing "evacuation" sale (ddr-csujad-7-4)
Signs announcing "evacuation" sale. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_JA_f04
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 15 (February 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-87)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 15 (February 14, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-87)
"Senate Hearings on Evacuation Claims Bill to Begin in March" (pg. 1), "Native Sons of Golden West Oppose Issei Naturalization" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 30 (April 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-197)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 30 (April 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-197)
"Japanese Government Ready to Purchase Farm Lands Owned by People in Other Countries" (p. 1), "House Approves Claims Fund" (p. 1), "JACL ADC Will Take Strong Stand to Fight Segregation in Army" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 100 (December 4, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-161)
"OK of Measure for Equality Seen Likely" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for Six GI War Dead Saturday, Dec. 11 in Bukkyo-Kai; One of Nisei Heroes is Winner of DSC" (p. 1), "JACL Will Give Claims Forms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 65 (August 13, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-232)
"Next "Open Night' on Wed., Aug. 17; Take Advantage of It, Okada Urges" (p. 1), "Illinois Senator Cites Record of Nisei GI's in Urging Passage of Judd Bill" (p. 2).
Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-124)
img Japanese American farmers prior to mass removal (ddr-densho-151-124)
Original caption: San Leandro, California. Family labor transplanting young tomato plants under canvas about ten days prior to evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry to Assembly Centers.
Yugoslavian man taking over Japanese-operated farm (ddr-densho-151-122)
img Yugoslavian man taking over Japanese-operated farm (ddr-densho-151-122)
Original caption: Centerville, California. Yugoslavian farmer is taking over berry farm formerly operated by residents of Japanese ancestry, who are being sent to assembly points and later to be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
People shopping at
img People shopping at "evacuation sale" (ddr-densho-151-213)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. At a close-out sale these patrons were buying merchandise to take with them when they are evacuated. Evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
img "Evacuation sale" at shop run by Japanese Americans (ddr-densho-151-139)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. A close-out sale- prior to evacuation- at store operated by proprietor of Japanese ancestry on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuees of Japanese descent will be housed in War Relocation Authority centers for the duration.
Close-out sale at nursery (ddr-densho-151-305)
img Close-out sale at nursery (ddr-densho-151-305)
Original caption: Berkeley, California. Residents of Japanese ancestry are closing out their businesses in preparation for the coming evacuation. They will be moved into War Relocation Authority centers to spend the duration.
Laundry business preparing to close (ddr-densho-151-304)
img Laundry business preparing to close (ddr-densho-151-304)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Everywhere in the Japanese quarter are evidence of the coming evacuation. This is a laundry and cleaning business which is just winding up its affairs prior to evacuation.
API