Economic losses

The economic and emotional toll associated with the uprooting of Japanese Americans from their homes and businesses was enormous. The cost was especially high for the issei (first-generation immigrants), who had worked most of their lives to establish financial security for themselves and their children. Many Japanese Americans bitterly recall being forced to sell property, personal belongings, and business equipment for a fraction of their value to opportunistic scavengers. Evacuees could take only what they could carry. They left behind heirlooms, cherished toys, and family pets. Farmers continued to work for a harvest they would never see, told it would be "disloyal" to stop. The bustling Nihonmachis (Japantowns) of the West Coast closed down and never fully recovered, even after the war ended.

Economic losses (231)

231 items
Family transplanting tomato plants (ddr-densho-151-448)
img Family transplanting tomato plants (ddr-densho-151-448)
Original caption: San Leandro, California. Family labor transplanting young tomato plants under canvas about ten days prior to evacuation of residents of Japanese ancestry to Assembly Centers.
Father and son in front of store (ddr-densho-151-272)
img Father and son in front of store (ddr-densho-151-272)
Original caption: San Francisco, California. Dave Tatsuno and his father, merchants of Japanese ancestry in San Francisco prior to evacuation.
Sign advertising household goods (ddr-densho-151-318)
img Sign advertising household goods (ddr-densho-151-318)
Original caption: Sacramento, California. Preparations are being made for evacuation two days hence of all residents of Japanese ancestry from this city.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 16 (April 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 48, No. 16 (April 17, 1959) (ddr-pc-31-16)
Selected article titles: "Yen debt claimants seeking pre-war exchange rate" (p. 1), "Cal. FEPC bill signature by governor due" (p. 1), "442nd RCT linked with famous U.S. Army regiments of history" (p. 1), "Nisei greeted as 5-millionth visitor of United Nations" (p. 1), "Fair housing bill in Minnesota reported" (p. 1), "'Nothing in common' between ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 3 (January 28, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 3 (January 28, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-3)
Selected article titles: "Ford Pardons Iva Toguri: 1st Treason Case Voided" (p.1, 3), "Vandals Strike at Topaz" (p.1), "Wendy Yoshimura Found Guilty on 3 Counts" (p.1-2), "Law Strips Issei of $87,000" (p.1-2), "Moses Lake Country" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 42, No. 10 (March 9, 1956) (ddr-pc-28-10)
Selected article titles: "Lane-Hillings Evacuation Claims Bill Unanimously Passed by House" (p. 1), "Asia Reds keep up discrimination tales" (p. 1), "JACL Asks FBI Hunt 'Lincoln Yamamoto'" (p. 1), "Bob Sakata honored Colorado's young farmer of year" (p. 2), "Oregon governor praises Japanese Americans, say 'no group has better earned' right to citizenship at Snake ...
Frank Sumida Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-261-13)
vh Frank Sumida Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-261-13)
Consequences of Pearl Harbor: losing father's restaurant business

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

An oral history with James Otsuka (ddr-csujad-29-53)
av An oral history with James Otsuka (ddr-csujad-29-53)
An oral interview with James Otsuka, Orange County resident. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0166. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 3467_T01
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 9 (August 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 55, No. 9 (August 31, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-35)
Selected article titles: "San Francisco Housing Authority Refuses to Admit Non-Citizen Aged" (p.1), "Congress Passes Amendment to Rid Poll Taxes" (p.1), "Congress Expected to Act No-Tax Claims Bill this Week" (p.1), "San Francisco Board of Education Closes New Jr. High School to Avert Racial Strife" (p.3), "Puyallup Valley Steps Up Campaign on ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 22 (June 1, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 54, No. 22 (June 1, 1962) (ddr-pc-34-22)
Selected article titles: "Congressional Help Being Considered for Evacuee Tax Probe" (p.1), "'Varsity Victory Volunteers' Remembered as U. of Hawaii's Contribution to War Effort" (p.1), "California-Trained Farmers Make Good" (p.2), "Juvenile Delinquency Costs U.S. Taxpayers $4,000 a Year to Keep Youngster in State School-Twice Tuition to First-Rate Prep School" (p ...
Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
doc Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
Oral history interview with Jane Tomeko Sugimura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sugimura, Jane Tomeko
Letter from Ida Otani to Michi Weglyn, April 26, 1997 (ddr-csujad-24-135)
doc Letter from Ida Otani to Michi Weglyn, April 26, 1997 (ddr-csujad-24-135)
A letter from Ida Otani to Michi Weglyn about the firing of Japanese American railroad workers during World War II. Otani describes the hardships her family went through after her father was fired by Western Pacific Railroad and the family was forced to vacate their home because it was on railroad property. See this object in ...
U.S. Department of Justice Form (ddr-csujad-29-18)
doc U.S. Department of Justice Form (ddr-csujad-29-18)
Form to Department of Justice. Claim for damage to or loss of real personal property by a person of Japanese ancestry. Ernest Yamada, applicant. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1949_M01
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
"ADC Fund Push Opens with Kickoff Luncheon" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2), "ADC to Ask Amendment to HR 199" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
"JACL to Submit Memo to U.S. on Claims Matter" (p. 1), "Wash. State Bonus Queries Clarified" (p. 1), "If You Have Any Evacuation Claims, File Before Jan. 2, ADC Suggests" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 29 (April 9, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-196)
"Issei, Nisei May Get Claims Forms for Lost or Damaged Articles" (p. 1), "Bill Gives Atty. - Gen More Power" (p. 1), "Shaft Honors War Dead of This Area" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 47 (July 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-35)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 47 (July 8, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-35)
"Fights Use of Japanese in Job Classification" (p. 1), "ADC Receives New Version of H.R. 3999" (p. 1), "NVC Supports Measure on Citizenship" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 24 (March 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-94)
"Center Blaze Sufferers Get Loss Claims" (p. 1), "Nisei War Memorial Army Raises $1,623 Here" (p. 1), "Union Membership Sought for Issei" (p. 2), "Fights Seizure of Alien's Land for War Claims" (p. 4).
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