Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Redress and reparations (349)
Receiving redress checks and apology (59)

59 items
Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
doc Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
This written apology from former U.S. President George Bush accompanied redress checks for former camp inmates.
Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
img Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Norio Wakamatsu and his mother, Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto (ddr-janm-4-35)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto. Blue/white card with illustration in green/purple/pink of purple and pink irises and twp small yellow birds. "Thank you" is written on the top. There's dark blue borders on the top and bottom.
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
Selected article titles: "JACL Staffers O.K.: Earthquake Shakes No. Calif.; JACL HQ Closes for the Week" (pp. 1-2), "Payments Starting October, 1990: Reparations Passes, Conference Report Vote by House Expected" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-LEC Update: What Is 'Entitlement'?" (p. 4), and "Comments from the Nation's Press: Make Good the Promise of Redress" (p. 4).
Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
vh Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
Receiving redress check and apology: donating an organ to church in memory of parents
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
Feelings upon receiving redress: "the apology is just a piece of paper"
Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
doc Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
Form sent by the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration detailing instructions for requesting redress compensation.
Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
doc Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
Letter from the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration notifying recipient of impending arrival of redress compensation check.
Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
img Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
Assistant Attorney General John Dunne presenting a redress check to Kisa Iseri of Ontario, Oregon.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Ishimitsu (left) and Mr. Nakagawa.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Katsuho (left) and Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
img Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
vh Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
Reactions to receiving redress money

During this interview, Mrs. Kurosu alternately speaks in both English and Japanese. As a result, the English translation of the transcript contains [Jpn.] and [Eng.], which indicate whether the original dialogue was spoken in Japanese or English.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
Select article titles: "1st Nisei Voted Mayor of City in Orange County" (p. 1); "Senate Leaders Urged by JACL To Place Civil Rights Bill Ok'd by House on Calendar, By-Passed Committee" (p. 1); "1st Oriental descent Canada member of parliament elected" (p. 1); "NARTB invited to join JACL campaign to help rid anti-Nisei movies on ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
Select article titles: "East L.A. athletes dominate at 6th annual Relays; five records broken, one tied" (p. 1); "President Signs $2-Million Bill For Evacuees" (p. 1); "Monthly social security benefits payable to Issei visiting or residing in Japan" (p. 1); "Whereabouts sought by Justice Dep't of 72 missing claimants" (p. 1); "'Miracle man' astounding ...
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-10-11)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-10-11)
Four Issei, all at least 100 years of age, waiting to receive their redress checks at the Nisei Veterans Hall in Seattle, Washington. Left to right: Mr. Katsuo, Ms. Wakamatsu, Mr. Ishimitsu, and Mr. Nakagawa. The fifth Issei recipient, Mr. Frank Yatsu, is not pictured. The man standing behind Ms. Wakamatsu is unidentified. The Civil Liberties ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 12 (March 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 12 (March 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-12)
Selected article titles: "Reagan's Civil Rights Veto Overridden" (pp. 1, 3), "Census Bureau Reverses Plan to Lump Asian Americans Together" (p. 1), "Nikkei Women Photo Exhibit Planned" (p. 2), "No Reparations for Nisei Internees" (p. 5), and "The Myth of 'Military Necessity'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
Selected article titles: "Circulating Verification Forms Confuse Ex-Internees" (pp. 1, 3), "Congressional Record: Lungren's & Bork's Viewpoints on Redress Revealed" (pp. 1, 3), "Mulroney Calls Internment a 'Tragedy', but Refuses to Follow U.S. Example" (p. 1), and "Moshi Moshi: Racism in Japan" (p. 5).
Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
img Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
img Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to an Issei man. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
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