Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Receiving redress checks and apology (73)

73 items
Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
doc Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
This written apology from former U.S. President George Bush accompanied redress checks for former camp inmates.
Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
img Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Norio Wakamatsu and his mother, Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto (ddr-janm-4-35)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto. Blue/white card with illustration in green/purple/pink of purple and pink irises and twp small yellow birds. "Thank you" is written on the top. There's dark blue borders on the top and bottom.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 6 (September 7, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 6 (September 7, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-31)
Select article titles: "Dan Rather's Quip on WWII Internment Hit"(p.1); "Calif. Assembly Soundly Defeats ACR 181 to Rewrite History of Internment in State Textbooks"(p.1);"A Great Program at the Outset in the 1970s, But Interest Waning Now for JACL Chapters"(p.2);"President Fujimori's Inaugural Day"(p.6);"When You ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 8 (September 21, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 8 (September 21, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-33)
Select article titles: "Matsui Criticizes Census Bureau for Method on Counting"(p.1); "Fujimori's Request for Japan's Help Seen in 120 Trucks"(p.1); "Nikkei Doctors, Nurses of Internment Camp Days to Be Remembered at L.A. Gala"(p.2); "ORA Case Flow for the First 30,000: What's in Your File and ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 12 (October 19, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 12 (October 19, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-37)
Select article titles: "California Changes Policy for Medi-Cal Patients Due to Receive Federal Redress Payment"(p.1);"First 15,000 Checks in the Mail Now"(p.1);"Susan A Kamb of Malibu: 'The National' Calls Over a Sansei from 'Sports Illustrated' to Top Post"(p.2);"The JACL Legacy Fund -- Our Obligation"(p.5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
Selected article titles: "JACL Staffers O.K.: Earthquake Shakes No. Calif.; JACL HQ Closes for the Week" (pp. 1-2), "Payments Starting October, 1990: Reparations Passes, Conference Report Vote by House Expected" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-LEC Update: What Is 'Entitlement'?" (p. 4), and "Comments from the Nation's Press: Make Good the Promise of Redress" (p. 4).
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-113)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-113)
Caption on reverse: "ORA presentation of first redress checks to 5 centenarians - NVC Hall - Oct. 1990."
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-115)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-115)
Caption on reverse: "Asst. Atty. Gen'l. James Turner presents 20,000 redress check & apology to Mr. Frank Yatsu, age 104."
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-10-11)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-10-11)
Four Issei, all at least 100 years of age, waiting to receive their redress checks at the Nisei Veterans Hall in Seattle, Washington. Left to right: Mr. Katsuo, Ms. Wakamatsu, Mr. Ishimitsu, and Mr. Nakagawa. The fifth Issei recipient, Mr. Frank Yatsu, is not pictured. The man standing behind Ms. Wakamatsu is unidentified. The Civil Liberties ...
Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
img Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
img Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to an Issei man. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei man waiting to receive his redress check (ddr-densho-26-35)
img Issei man waiting to receive his redress check (ddr-densho-26-35)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here is Mr. Nakagawa.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 26, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-29)
Select article titles: "Almost 20,000 Mainland Issei Naturalized Within Past Decade" (p. 1); "Senate Takes Up Civil Rights Bill, 71-18 Vote" (p. 1); "Washington JACL Office analyses House Subcommittee report on Japanese farm labor" (p. 1); "Lonely airman's Japanese wife recovers from suicide attempt; steps to regain custody of children stirs interest in Kansas ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 12 (September 20, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 12 (September 20, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-38)
Select article titles: "Pasadenan thanks JACL for assisit in fighting racial bias" (p. 1); "State Dep't Begins Issuance of Visas Under New Immigration Law" (p. 1); "JACL Attends 12th Nat'l Confab on Citizenship at Nation's Capital" (p. 8); "Case studies of 1952 immigration law show up family hardship, to be in book" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 3 (February 3-16, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 3 (February 3-16, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-3)
Selected article titles: "ORA Schedules Redress Payments" (p. 1), "JACL Supports Northern California Earthquake Relief Fund" (p. 1), "Revisiting the Heart Mountain Experience" (p. 5), and "Organizations Aid Kobe Victims" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 12 (March 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 12 (March 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-12)
Selected article titles: "Reagan's Civil Rights Veto Overridden" (pp. 1, 3), "Census Bureau Reverses Plan to Lump Asian Americans Together" (p. 1), "Nikkei Women Photo Exhibit Planned" (p. 2), "No Reparations for Nisei Internees" (p. 5), and "The Myth of 'Military Necessity'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
Selected article titles: "Circulating Verification Forms Confuse Ex-Internees" (pp. 1, 3), "Congressional Record: Lungren's & Bork's Viewpoints on Redress Revealed" (pp. 1, 3), "Mulroney Calls Internment a 'Tragedy', but Refuses to Follow U.S. Example" (p. 1), and "Moshi Moshi: Racism in Japan" (p. 5).
Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberites Act of 1988 event (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-12)
doc Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberites Act of 1988 event (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-12)
Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 event at The Great Hall (October 9, 1990).
Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation (August 10, 1988) (ddr-janm-4-41)
doc Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation (August 10, 1988) (ddr-janm-4-41)
Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation on August 10, 1988.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (November 14, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-26)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (November 14, 1990).
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