Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Receiving redress checks and apology (62)

62 items
Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
doc Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
This written apology from former U.S. President George Bush accompanied redress checks for former camp inmates.
Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
img Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Norio Wakamatsu and his mother, Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto (ddr-janm-4-35)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto. Blue/white card with illustration in green/purple/pink of purple and pink irises and twp small yellow birds. "Thank you" is written on the top. There's dark blue borders on the top and bottom.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
Selected article titles: "JACL Staffers O.K.: Earthquake Shakes No. Calif.; JACL HQ Closes for the Week" (pp. 1-2), "Payments Starting October, 1990: Reparations Passes, Conference Report Vote by House Expected" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-LEC Update: What Is 'Entitlement'?" (p. 4), and "Comments from the Nation's Press: Make Good the Promise of Redress" (p. 4).
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-114)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-114)
Caption on reverse: "ORA presentation of first redress checks. Nakagawa, Ishimitsu, Wakamatsu, Katsuo."
Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-122)
img Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-122)
Left to right: George Pfeiffer, unidentified, and Mae Yamada.
Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-121)
img Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-121)
Left to right: Kaz Kayahara with Mr. Eto and son.
Issei woman with her redress check (ddr-densho-26-41)
img Issei woman with her redress check (ddr-densho-26-41)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here is Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-17)
img Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-17)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. The check-presentation ceremony, honoring five Issei who were 100 years old or more, took place at the Nisei Veterans Hall in Seattle, Washington.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo (ddr-janm-4-33)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo. Beige card with illustration in yellow/pink/green of two cartoon girls; one in a yellow dressing hugging the other in a pink dress. "Thanks so much" is written on the top center. There is decorative borders on the top and bottom.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 23 (June 7, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 23 (June 7, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-23)
Select article titles: "26,000 Japanese War Brides in U.S. Group Told" (p. 1); "Senate Committee Amends Claims Supplemental Appropriation Bill" (p.1 ); "Non-profit groups listed for 1st time as claim awardees" (p. 1); "JACL participates in Memorial Day Rites at Arlington Cemetery; sagging Nisei interest in war dead scored by D.C. JACLers" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 26 (June 28, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 26 (June 28, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-26)
Select article titles: "Administration Civil Rights Bill On Senate Calendar; Fight Looms" (p. 1); "Congress Sends Claims Pay Bill To White House" (p. 1); "Supreme Court asks for new arguments in expatriation case" (p. 1); "Gakuen dissolved, set up scholarship" (p. 1); "Protest Use Of Vested Funds For School Purposes" (p. 2); "Nisei judge warns against ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
Select article titles: "House group recommends temp'y farm labor plan be continued: 'No ill effects' on domestic labor market recorded" (p. 1); "JACL Campaign Against Anti-Nisei Films on TV Circularized by NARBT" (p. 1); "Small Claims Court Hears Civil Right Cases" (p. 1); "$86,550 damage suit filed in traffic death of Sakamoto" (p. 1 ...
Tsuguo
vh Tsuguo "Ike" Ikeda Interview III Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-125-8)
Reaction to receiving redress and presidential apology, "a miracle"

As a teenager prior to World War II, began keeping scrapbooks with newspaper articles and memorabilia, a lifetime habit.

Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
img Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
Assistant Attorney General John Dunne presenting a redress check to Kisa Iseri of Ontario, Oregon.
Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
img Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Ishimitsu (left) and Mr. Nakagawa.
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