Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Receiving redress checks and apology (63)

63 items
Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
doc Written apology (ddr-densho-25-125)
This written apology from former U.S. President George Bush accompanied redress checks for former camp inmates.
Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
img Issei woman waiting for her redress check (ddr-densho-26-39)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Norio Wakamatsu and his mother, Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
Selected article titles: "JACL Staffers O.K.: Earthquake Shakes No. Calif.; JACL HQ Closes for the Week" (pp. 1-2), "Payments Starting October, 1990: Reparations Passes, Conference Report Vote by House Expected" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-LEC Update: What Is 'Entitlement'?" (p. 4), and "Comments from the Nation's Press: Make Good the Promise of Redress" (p. 4).
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto (ddr-janm-4-35)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto. Blue/white card with illustration in green/purple/pink of purple and pink irises and twp small yellow birds. "Thank you" is written on the top. There's dark blue borders on the top and bottom.
Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
img Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
Assistant Attorney General John Dunne presenting a redress check to Kisa Iseri of Ontario, Oregon.
Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
img Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Katsuho (left) and Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Ishimitsu (left) and Mr. Nakagawa.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
Select article titles: "1st Nisei Voted Mayor of City in Orange County" (p. 1); "Senate Leaders Urged by JACL To Place Civil Rights Bill Ok'd by House on Calendar, By-Passed Committee" (p. 1); "1st Oriental descent Canada member of parliament elected" (p. 1); "NARTB invited to join JACL campaign to help rid anti-Nisei movies on ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
Select article titles: "East L.A. athletes dominate at 6th annual Relays; five records broken, one tied" (p. 1); "President Signs $2-Million Bill For Evacuees" (p. 1); "Monthly social security benefits payable to Issei visiting or residing in Japan" (p. 1); "Whereabouts sought by Justice Dep't of 72 missing claimants" (p. 1); "'Miracle man' astounding ...
Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
doc Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
Form sent by the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration detailing instructions for requesting redress compensation.
Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
doc Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
Letter from the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration notifying recipient of impending arrival of redress compensation check.
Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
vh Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
Receiving redress check and apology: donating an organ to church in memory of parents
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
Feelings upon receiving redress: "the apology is just a piece of paper"
Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
vh Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
Reactions to receiving redress money

During this interview, Mrs. Kurosu alternately speaks in both English and Japanese. As a result, the English translation of the transcript contains [Jpn.] and [Eng.], which indicate whether the original dialogue was spoken in Japanese or English.

Autographed photo of redress check presentation (ddr-densho-25-132)
img Autographed photo of redress check presentation (ddr-densho-25-132)
Kisa Iseri, an Issei woman, receiving her redress check from Assistant Attorney General John Dunne.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 7 (September 16, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 7 (September 16, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-32)
Selected article titles: "New Office of Reparations Administration to Administer Redress Payments" (p. 1), "Public Law 100-383: The Civil Liberties Act: Questions and Answers" (p. 3), "Solution to Japan-U.S. Friction" (pp. 4-5), and "1988 National JACL Scholarship Recipients" (pp. 6-10).
White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
doc White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
When Mae Hara received her reparation letter and check, she said she was stunned. She used the money received from the government to buy a new echo organ for her church in Madison, Wisconsin. Hara dedicated the donation to the memory of her parents, Kinmatsu and Chiyoko Kanazawa.
Henry Fukuhara Interview Segment 15 (ddr-manz-1-3-15)
vh Henry Fukuhara Interview Segment 15 (ddr-manz-1-3-15)
Thoughts on redress: "You can't put a dollar sign on the feeling"
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