Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Receiving redress checks and apology (88)

88 items
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, October 24, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-111)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, October 24, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-111)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin in which she criticizes the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and particularly M.M. [Mike Mosaoka], for arguing that siblings of former Japanese American incarcerees should not be able to receive redress checks. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_08_013
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, September 26, 1991 (ddr-csujad-24-104)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, September 26, 1991 (ddr-csujad-24-104)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about a woman named Kiyoko Mozaki who was teaching a class on Japanese Americans at a university in Koyoto, Japan. Weglyn states that Mozaki's father was incarcerated in the Tule Lake incarceration camp and later received a redress check. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese ...
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-432-37)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-432-37)
Decision to donate redress money (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the ...

Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
img Issei receiving her redress check (ddr-densho-25-131)
Assistant Attorney General John Dunne presenting a redress check to Kisa Iseri of Ontario, Oregon.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 25 (June 21, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-25)
Select article titles: "1st Nisei Voted Mayor of City in Orange County" (p. 1); "Senate Leaders Urged by JACL To Place Civil Rights Bill Ok'd by House on Calendar, By-Passed Committee" (p. 1); "1st Oriental descent Canada member of parliament elected" (p. 1); "NARTB invited to join JACL campaign to help rid anti-Nisei movies on TV" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 1, (July 5, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-27)
Select article titles: "East L.A. athletes dominate at 6th annual Relays; five records broken, one tied" (p. 1); "President Signs $2-Million Bill For Evacuees" (p. 1); "Monthly social security benefits payable to Issei visiting or residing in Japan" (p. 1); "Whereabouts sought by Justice Dep't of 72 missing claimants" (p. 1); "'Miracle man' astounding Japanese and ...
Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
doc Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
Form sent by the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration detailing instructions for requesting redress compensation.
Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
doc Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
Letter from the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration notifying recipient of impending arrival of redress compensation check.
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-154-42)
Feelings upon receiving redress: "the apology is just a piece of paper"
Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
vh Mae Kanazawa Hara Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-168-22)
Receiving redress check and apology: donating an organ to church in memory of parents
Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
vh Marian Asao Kurosu Interview Segment 83 (ddr-densho-1000-118-83)
Reactions to receiving redress money

During this interview, Mrs. Kurosu alternately speaks in both English and Japanese. As a result, the English translation of the transcript contains [Jpn.] and [Eng.], which indicate whether the original dialogue was spoken in Japanese or English.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 13 (October 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 13 (October 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-38)
Select article titles: "Five Elderly in Hawaii Handed Redress Checks"(p.1); "Years Late, U.S. Apology Is Still Sweet"(p.1); "Census Bureau to Review Asian Undercount"(p.1); "Japan Apologizes for Minister Kajiyama's Anti-Black Remarks"(p.3).
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-15)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Katsuho (left) and Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Ishimitsu (left) and Mr. Nakagawa.
Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
img Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Sherman Kishi interview (ddr-csujad-6-13)
doc Sherman Kishi interview (ddr-csujad-6-13)
Oral history interview with Sherman Kishi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_KISHI_SHERMAN
Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-114)
img Redress check presentation (ddr-densho-10-114)
Caption on reverse: "ORA presentation of first redress checks. Nakagawa, Ishimitsu, Wakamatsu, Katsuo."
Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-122)
img Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-122)
Left to right: George Pfeiffer, unidentified, and Mae Yamada.
Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-121)
img Redress check ceremony (ddr-densho-25-121)
Left to right: Kaz Kayahara with Mr. Eto and son.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo (ddr-janm-4-33)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo. Beige card with illustration in yellow/pink/green of two cartoon girls; one in a yellow dressing hugging the other in a pink dress. "Thanks so much" is written on the top center. There is decorative borders on the top and bottom.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 23 (June 7, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 23 (June 7, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-23)
Select article titles: "26,000 Japanese War Brides in U.S. Group Told" (p. 1); "Senate Committee Amends Claims Supplemental Appropriation Bill" (p.1 ); "Non-profit groups listed for 1st time as claim awardees" (p. 1); "JACL participates in Memorial Day Rites at Arlington Cemetery; sagging Nisei interest in war dead scored by D.C. JACLers" (p. 1); "Rep Judd's ...
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