Receiving redress checks and apology

In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which, among other things, mandated an official apology from the government and monetary payments to Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. On October 9, 1990, more than two years after the passage of the bill, the first of the redress payments were made in a formal ceremony to elderly issei survivors in Washington, D.C. Similar ceremonies were held in cities across the country. While few of those who were incarcerated feel that the government's apology erases what was done, many believe that a formal admission of wrongdoing helped resolve feelings of shame and corrected misperceptions held by the larger society.

Redress and reparations (812)
Receiving redress checks and apology (93)

93 items
Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
img Issei man receiving his redress check (ddr-densho-26-40)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to an Issei man. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
img Issei waiting to receive their redress checks (ddr-densho-26-16)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here are Mr. Ishimitsu (left) and Mr. Nakagawa.
Issei woman with her redress check (ddr-densho-26-41)
img Issei woman with her redress check (ddr-densho-26-41)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here is Mrs. Wakamatsu.
Issei man waiting to receive his redress check (ddr-densho-26-35)
img Issei man waiting to receive his redress check (ddr-densho-26-35)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks. Shown here is Mr. Nakagawa.
Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
img Governor Mike Lowry at redress ceremony (ddr-densho-26-37)
This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
img Issei man receiving redress check (ddr-densho-26-42)
U.S. Assistant Deputy Attorney General James Turner presenting a redress check to Mr. Frank Yatsu, 105 years old. This ceremony at the Nisei Veterans Hall honored five Issei, all at least 100 years old, and presented them with their redress checks.
Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberites Act of 1988 event (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-12)
doc Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberites Act of 1988 event (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-12)
Program for a Celebration Marking the First Redress Payments Under the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 event at The Great Hall (October 9, 1990).
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto (ddr-janm-4-35)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Mrs. Yamamoto. Blue/white card with illustration in green/purple/pink of purple and pink irises and twp small yellow birds. "Thank you" is written on the top. There's dark blue borders on the top and bottom.
Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation (August 10, 1988) (ddr-janm-4-41)
doc Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation (August 10, 1988) (ddr-janm-4-41)
Remarks by the President at the Signing Ceremony for Japanese Internment Legislation on August 10, 1988.
Thank you card to Tsuyako
doc Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo (ddr-janm-4-33)
Thank you card to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Suary and Bill Kyozeo. Beige card with illustration in yellow/pink/green of two cartoon girls; one in a yellow dressing hugging the other in a pink dress. "Thanks so much" is written on the top center. There is decorative borders on the top and bottom.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (November 14, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-26)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (November 14, 1990).
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako
doc Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (postmarked July 8, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-36)
Letter (with envelope) to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Talland Rozy Okazaki (July 8, 1991). Envelope is postmarked July 8, 1991 from Marine Del Ray, California.
Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
doc Redress compensation eligibility form (ddr-densho-153-21)
Form sent by the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration detailing instructions for requesting redress compensation.
Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
doc Redress confirmation letter (ddr-densho-153-22)
Letter from the Justice Department's Office of Redress Administration notifying recipient of impending arrival of redress compensation check.
Written apology (ddr-densho-153-20)
doc Written apology (ddr-densho-153-20)
This written apology from former U.S. President George Bush accompanied redress checks for former camp inmates.
White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
doc White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
When Mae Hara received her reparation letter and check, she said she was stunned. She used the money received from the government to buy a new echo organ for her church in Madison, Wisconsin. Hara dedicated the donation to the memory of her parents, Kinmatsu and Chiyoko Kanazawa.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 12 (March 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 12 (March 25, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-12)
Selected article titles: "Reagan's Civil Rights Veto Overridden" (pp. 1, 3), "Census Bureau Reverses Plan to Lump Asian Americans Together" (p. 1), "Nikkei Women Photo Exhibit Planned" (p. 2), "No Reparations for Nisei Internees" (p. 5), and "The Myth of 'Military Necessity'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 6 (September 9, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-31)
Selected article titles: "Circulating Verification Forms Confuse Ex-Internees" (pp. 1, 3), "Congressional Record: Lungren's & Bork's Viewpoints on Redress Revealed" (pp. 1, 3), "Mulroney Calls Internment a 'Tragedy', but Refuses to Follow U.S. Example" (p. 1), and "Moshi Moshi: Racism in Japan" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 7 (September 16, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 7 (September 16, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-32)
Selected article titles: "New Office of Reparations Administration to Administer Redress Payments" (p. 1), "Public Law 100-383: The Civil Liberties Act: Questions and Answers" (p. 3), "Solution to Japan-U.S. Friction" (pp. 4-5), and "1988 National JACL Scholarship Recipients" (pp. 6-10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 13 (October 27, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-38)
Selected article titles: "JACL Staffers O.K.: Earthquake Shakes No. Calif.; JACL HQ Closes for the Week" (pp. 1-2), "Payments Starting October, 1990: Reparations Passes, Conference Report Vote by House Expected" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-LEC Update: What Is 'Entitlement'?" (p. 4), and "Comments from the Nation's Press: Make Good the Promise of Redress" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 12 (October 19, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 12 (October 19, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-37)
Select article titles: "California Changes Policy for Medi-Cal Patients Due to Receive Federal Redress Payment"(p.1);"First 15,000 Checks in the Mail Now"(p.1);"Susan A Kamb of Malibu: 'The National' Calls Over a Sansei from 'Sports Illustrated' to Top Post"(p.2);"The JACL Legacy Fund -- Our Obligation"(p.5).
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