Narrator Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi
Sansei female. Born December 4, 1935, in Sawtelle, California. Grew up in Huntington Beach, California, where father worked as a chauffeur. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, father was picked up by the FBI and taken to the Tuna Canyon Detention Station. He rejoined the family at the Merced Assembly Center, California, and the family was …
Narrator Tokio Yamane
Kibei male. Born 1922 in Hawaii. Moved with family to Hiroshima at age three, then returned to the Fresno area of the U.S. for high school. During World War II, was sent to the Fresno Assembly Center, California, and the Jerome concentration camp, Arkansas. While at Jerome, refused to answer the so-called "loyalty questions" and was …
Narrator Jim Hirabayashi
Nisei male. Born October 30, 1926, in small town of Thomas, Washington, on family farm. Attended school in Auburn, Washington, before being removed to the Pinedale Assembly Center and Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Left camp to work in Idaho, and was subsequently joined by family. Postwar, became a social anthropologist, and later became only the …
Narrator Hannah Hirabayashi
Nisei-Sansei female. Born 1938 in Seattle, Washington. Grew up in the town of Christopher, now part of Auburn, Washington, where parents ran a grocery store. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, father was arrested by the FBI and sent to the Fort Missoula internment camp, Montana. The rest of the family went to the Puyallup Assembly …
Narrator Ronald Ikejiri
Sansei male. Born December 3, 1948, in Los Angeles, California. During World War II, parents had been incarcerated at the Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Father signed 'no-no' on the so-called 'loyalty questionnaire', renounced U.S. citizenship, and was sent to the Department of Justice camp at Bismarck, North Dakota. Family did not end up expatriating to …
Narrator Frank Miyamoto
Nisei male. Born July 29, 1912, in Seattle, Washington. Wrote 'Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle' as a Master's thesis, published in 1939 as one of the first academic works on the Japanese immigrant community. Incarcerated in Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Member of the Evacuation and Resettlement Study which studied the incarceration and resettlement …
Narrator Fumiko M. Noji
Nisei female. Born 1909 in Bellingham, Washington. Lost her United States citizenship when she married an Issei through an arranged marriage. Before 1920, her husband's family established Columbia Greenhouse, one of the first Japanese American-owned greenhouse businesses. Incarcerated at Puyallup Assembly Center, Washington, and Tule Lake concentration camp, California. Husband was held by the Immigration and …
img Senninbari, "thousand-stitch belt" (ddr-densho-105-8)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota's mother made this senninbari in Tule Lake. It is known as a thousand-stitch belt, and was created to protect a soldier going into battle. Each of the thousand knots was sewn by a different woman. On the belt is stitched Min's Buddhist name, the traditional Buddhist chant of "Namu Amida Butsu," and a …
img Nisei woman standing near barracks (ddr-densho-111-2)
Elaine Ishikawa Hayes.
img Nisei standing in concentration camp firebreak (ddr-densho-111-1)
Elaine Ishikawa Hayes was employed by Tule Lake's recreation department. She is pictured here standing in the firebreak near the recreation department barracks.
img Recreation department staff (ddr-densho-111-3)
Staff of Tule Lake concentration camp's recreation department. They are sitting on a stage platform which was built in a firebreak, and used for various performances. Second row from front, ninth from left is Harry Mayeda, the Recreation Department Director. Elaine Ishikawa Hayes is in the third row, sixth from left.
doc Citizen's indefinite leave card (ddr-densho-126-4)
A card given by the War Relocation Authority (WRA) to Nisei who were allowed to leave the camps indefinitely for work or school.
img Two Nisei men and a boy in a concentration camp (ddr-densho-154-3)
Photo donor's uncle, Fred Nakagawa and his son. A family friend, Ken Sekiguchi, is in army uniform.