Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians Collection ddr-densho-67
doc Interview with James Rowe, Assistant to the Attorney General (ddr-densho-67-83)
Interview with James Rowe, Assistant to the Attorney General. Rowe describes how Executive Order 9066 came about. The Justice Department had been opposed to evacuation but after a meeting with the War Department, Attorney General Francis Biddle changed his mind to support 9066. Rowe and others disagreed with this, but went along with 9066 to keep …
doc Memo to Frank Knox from the Vice Chief of Naval Operations (ddr-densho-67-85)
Memo to Frank Knox from the Vice Chief of Naval Operations regarding the Nisei. Suggests that the nisei should not enlist in the armed services except for a select few in Intelligence. Also agrees with a previous statement that 85 percent of the Nisei are loyal. Wants the government to encourage loyalty of the nisei for …
doc Memo from President Franklin D. Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-86)
Memo to the Acting Secretary of State and the Secretary of the Interior from President Roosevelt on resettlement. Roosevelt suggests gradual resettlement by seeing how many people would be opposed to the Japanese returning to the West Coast as well as other parts of the country. He also wants to try distributing a few families to …
doc Letter from Harold Ickes to President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-87)
Letter from Harold Ickes to President Roosevelt urging the President to rescind orders excluding Japanese Americans from the West Coast. Ickes gives many reasons, including unconstitutionality of detaining American citizens, lack of military necessity and psychological damage to Japanese Americans.
doc Memo to President Roosevelt from Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-88)
Memo to President Roosevelt from Francis Biddle regarding resettlement. Pg 1: Biddle discusses the current resettlement situation and suggests that anti-Japanese press is impeding relocation. Pg 2: Biddle discusses the negative portrayal of the War Relocation Authority (WRA), especially from the Tule Lake riots and the alleged coddling of evacuees. Pg 3: Discusses political problems of …
doc Letter to President Roosevelt from M.S. Eisenhower (ddr-densho-67-89)
Letter to President Roosevelt from M.S. Eisenhower on resettlement. Eisenhower is concerned with the entire evacuation program and its effect on Japanese American youth. Discusses negative impact of life in the camps on evacuees. Also suggests that the evacuees know that racism was a motivating factor behind internment. Strongly suggests helping the loyal evacuees "become reabsorbed" …
doc Letter to the Secretary of the Interior from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-90)
Letter to the Secretary of the Interior from President Roosevelt regarding resettlement. Roosevelt speculates that the Japanese Americans have become embittered about internment and suggests that they continue the individual resettlement program, which employs Japanese Americans in the war industry and in the armed services. Suggests relocating as many loyal Japanese Americans as possible and turning …
doc Resolution by the Native Sons of the Golden West (ddr-densho-67-91)
A list of resolutions adopted by the Native Sons of the Golden West. They believe that the War Relocation Authority and Dillon Myer cannot properly control the internees at Tule Lake and suggest the U.S. Army take over. Also call for the permanent ban on Japanese immigration as well as the execution of Japanese in charge …
doc Letter to President Roosevelt from Galen M. Fisher (ddr-densho-67-92)
Letter to President Roosevelt from Galen M. Fisher urging the President to not fire Dillon Myer. He praises Myer's job as the head of the War Relocation Authority and suggests that Myer's removal would "give comfort to the race-baiters."
doc Notes from Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-93)
Notes from two Cabinet meetings taken by Francis Biddle. The first one describes the reactions to the possible cancellations of the exclusion orders -- most members agreed with relocation only after elections. Also discussed postponing the publicity of photos showing Japanese killing American soldiers for fear of reprisal. The second note states that the Supreme Court …
doc Letter to the Secretary of War from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-94)
Letter to the Secretary of War from President Roosevelt regarding the formation of all-nisei combat teams. Roosevelt discusses loyalty and Americanism as being "a matter of mind and heart," not about "race or ancestry." Roosevelt views this as a way for Japanese Americans to be included in showing their ultimate loyalty to the U.S.
doc Letter to Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt (ddr-densho-67-95)
Letter to New York Governor Herbert Lehman from President Roosevelt on Italians and Germans in the U.S. In response to a letter from Lehman, Roosevelt assures him that there will be no evacuation of German or Italian aliens/Americans.
doc Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes (ddr-densho-67-96)
Memo to President Roosevelt from Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes. Ickes expresses concern over the hostile situation that has developed in the camps. He attributes this to the poor way the evacuees have been treated. Ickes also worries that thousands of loyal Japanese have recently turned "angry" and suggests better leadership in the War Relocation …
doc Interview with Edward Ennis (ddr-densho-67-97)
Interview with Edward Ennis, U.S. Department of Justice attorney. Ennis recalls his feelings about evacuation, internment and reparations. He also describes the roles and opinions of President Roosevelt, J. Edgar Hoover, General DeWitt, Attorney General Francis Biddle and others.
doc Conclusion to a legal memo (ddr-densho-67-98)
Conclusion to a legal memo written to John Burling on the constitutionality of internment. Suggests that in order to win the Supreme Court cases, the government must prove military necessity, even if it did not exist.
doc Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson (ddr-densho-67-99)
Letter from Francis Biddle to Henry Stimson discussing possibility of evacuation. Biddle states that the Department of Justice has no authority to evacuate American citizens and legal problems could arise if the army chooses to evacuate. Urges Stimson to consider his suggestions before he makes a decision.
doc Letter from Francis Biddle to James Fly (ddr-densho-67-100)
Letter from Francis Biddle to James Fly inquiring about the accuracy of DeWitt's Final Report. Biddle is concerned with the report because of its importance in evacuation decision and because Department of Justice investigations found it baseless. Biddle specifically wants to know if the Federal Communications Commission also investigated the alleged ship-to-shore contacting and if DeWitt …
doc Memo regarding DeWitt's Final Report (ddr-densho-67-101)
Memo from Edward Ennis to Francis Biddle regarding DeWitt's Final Report. Ennis describes how the War Department tried to keep the report away from the Department of Justice until he saw it by accident. Ennis is protesting the way that DeWitt portrayed the Attorney General and the Justice Department. He suggests that they convince the War …
doc Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle (ddr-densho-67-102)
Excerpt from a memo from J. Edgar Hoover to Francis Biddle regarding evacuation. Hoover assesses the situation on the West Coast due to the pending Executive Order. Concludes that although mass removal is based on race hysteria, Japanese Americans still pose a threat because of their loyalty to Japan. Suggests that in the case of an …
doc Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-103)
Memo to Edward Ennis from J.L. Burling on DeWitt's final report and the Korematsu brief. States that the Department of War and the Department of Justice are fighting over a footnote in the Korematsu brief that mentions the Final Report. They eventually compromise in order to reduce departmental tension.
doc Memo to Herbert Wechsler from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-104)
Memo to Herbert Wechsler from J.L. Burling protesting the way the War Department portrayed DeWitt's Final Report in the Korematsu brief. The Justice Department thinks a clear stance on the falsity of the report should be made. Burling suggests that the War Department purposely went against the Justice Department concerning the report.
doc Memo regarding the Korematsu brief (ddr-densho-67-105)
Memo to Cooley from J.L. Burling on the Korematsu brief. Burling wants to insert a paragraph into the brief showing that Japanese internment was for the protection of Japanese people.
doc Letter to Harold Ickes from the Mayor of New York (ddr-densho-67-106)
Letter to Harold Ickes from the Mayor of New York regarding resettlement. The mayor is protesting the resettlement of Japanese Americans to New York. Suggests that there aren't enough police to monitor them and wants every Japanese American in New York to declare their loyalty.
doc Excerpt from the Korematsu brief (ddr-densho-67-107)
Excerpt from the Korematsu brief defending evacuation on the premise that racial discrimination was not used. Blames Japanese for being unassimilated and too connected to Japan. Compares Japanese with Germans and Italians and discusses why the government did not evacuate them. Justifies internment because Japanese were able to leave camps for work.