Military Intelligence Service

The first Japanese Americans to serve in the military during World War II were linguists involved in the Military Intelligence Service Language School (MISLS). The MISLS was charged with training soldiers in the Japanese language for intelligence purposes. Japanese Americans served as both instructors and students at the school, which opened on November 1, 1941. The Language School began recruiting instructors and later students directly from concentration camps as early as July 1942. MISLS graduates were assigned in small teams to units fighting in the Pacific and to intelligence centers throughout the Allied command. They translated captured documents, interrogated prisoners of war, wrote propaganda, encouraged Japanese soldiers and civilians to surrender, and monitored radio broadcasts. After the war, they acted as interpreters at the war crime trials and for the occupation government in Japan.

World War II (231)
Military service (3241)
Military Intelligence Service (1146)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
John Aiso, Fort Snelling, Masaji Marumoto, Jack Matsuoka, Military Intelligence Service, Military Intelligence Service Language School, Walter Tsukamoto, Karl Yoneda

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1146 items
Proofreading military documents (ddr-densho-114-140)
img Proofreading military documents (ddr-densho-114-140)
Original caption: Tec 4 [illegible] from Hilo, Hawaii, checks a document to determine its accuracy before it is delivered to the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, and other Allied military authorities. Proof-reading of all manuscripts and documents for typegraphical errors, is one of the important positions held by both civilian and military Nisei personnel in …
Mimeograph operator (ddr-densho-114-160)
img Mimeograph operator (ddr-densho-114-160)
Original caption: Pfc. Kaichi Fukushima, Nisei Japanese mimeograph operator in the production section, General Headquarters, Allied Forces in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, stencils both Japanese characters and English translations out by the typing sub-section. 9-3-46.
Nisei linguists attending Japanese language class (ddr-densho-114-166)
img Nisei linguists attending Japanese language class (ddr-densho-114-166)
Original caption: Nisei Japanese soldiers, interpreters of the linguist section, Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, attend class in legal terminology as part of training program to better their knowledge of the Japanese language. 9-3-46.
Nisei soldiers at a dance (ddr-densho-114-469)
img Nisei soldiers at a dance (ddr-densho-114-469)
Original caption: Civilians and soldiers, attached to the Allied Translator and Interpreter section, General Hq, Army Forces in the Pacific, and quartered in the Nippon Yusen Kaisha Bldg., Tokyo, Japan, attend weekly dance for members of their unit. It is a popular activity in Tokyo planned for the Nisei. 9/3/46.
Nisei soldier painting a sign (ddr-densho-114-154)
img Nisei soldier painting a sign (ddr-densho-114-154)
Original caption: Pfc. Taka Oka, Nisei Japanese sign-painter for the Allied translator and interpreter section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, Tokyo, Japan, prepares a sign announcing the weekly dance. He is from Seattle, Wash., and a member of the Allied occupation forces in Japan. 9-3-46.
Nisei linguists (ddr-densho-114-559)
img Nisei linguists (ddr-densho-114-559)
Nisei linguists marching to Japanese class at the Military Intelligence Service Language School.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-158)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-158)
Original caption: Tec 5 Tom Tashiro (left) of Illinois, Nisei Japanese education counselor and Information and Education non-commissioned officer, advises Pfc. Norman Shimakawa of the 3d Detachment, a typist in the production section, General Headquarters, Allied Powers in the Pacific, on the selection of a course to better his education and to prepare for future schooling. …
Ranger Hall of Fame medallion presentation (ddr-densho-107-31)
img Ranger Hall of Fame medallion presentation (ddr-densho-107-31)
Colonel David Grange presents the Ranger Hall of Fame medallion to Ranger Roy Matsumoto at Ranger Field, Fort Benning, Georgia. Front (L to R): Col. David L. Grange, CO 75th Ranger Regiment and Retired Army Master Sgt Roy H. Matsumoto. Back (L to R): CSM Jesse G. Laye and Col. Michael V. Church CO Ranger Training …
Nisei soldier escorting a Japanese officer to a war crimes trial tribunal (ddr-densho-107-37)
img Nisei soldier escorting a Japanese officer to a war crimes trial tribunal (ddr-densho-107-37)
Left to right: Lt. Col Matsuura, Liaison Officer of the Imperial Japanese Army, and Msgt Roy Matsumoto of 701st Military Police of China Command. Msgt Matsumoto is escorting Col Matsuura to the War Crimes Tribunal from Ward Road Jail.
Military Intelligence Service soldier (ddr-densho-107-23)
img Military Intelligence Service soldier (ddr-densho-107-23)
This photo was taken right after graduation from Military Intelligence Service Language School at Camp Savage, Minnesota.
Nisei soldier being interviewed (ddr-densho-107-33)
img Nisei soldier being interviewed (ddr-densho-107-33)
S/Sgt. Roy Matsumoto interviewed by British playwright and author Noel Coward. Roy was recovering from an infection from a shrapnel wound on his left wrist, and was questioned about his exploits at Walawbum and Nhpum Ga in the jungles of Burma.
Bronze Star presentation ceremony (ddr-densho-107-24)
img Bronze Star presentation ceremony (ddr-densho-107-24)
Front row (L to R): Lt. Roy Nakada, unknown, T/Sgt Roy Matsumoto, unknown, unknown, Lt. George Nakamura, S/Sgt. John Morozumi. Back row: All are unknown.
Legion of Merit presentation (ddr-densho-107-32)
img Legion of Merit presentation (ddr-densho-107-32)
General Frank D. Merrill, Commanding General of the Merrill's Marauders, congratulating S/Sgt Roy Matsumoto upon the presentation of the Legion of Merit for his exploits at Walawbum, Burma on 5 March, 1944.
Oral history of Morris and Cherry Abe (ddr-csujad-28-3)
av Oral history of Morris and Cherry Abe (ddr-csujad-28-3)
Oral history Interview of Morris and Cherry Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: csuci_vcc-jic_0005
Military Intelligence Service Language School  U.S. Army, Fort Snelling, Minnesota (ddr-csujad-1-188)
doc Military Intelligence Service Language School U.S. Army, Fort Snelling, Minnesota (ddr-csujad-1-188)
Photographic documentary of Nisei soldiers served in World War II, Pacific Theatre as military intelligence operators. Photographs were taken by Stone S. Ishimaru, Official U.S. Army photographer, 8th Army, originally for a magazine, "Life." Includes Military Intelligence Service Language School at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, Pacific Theater of operations, and occupation of Japan. See this object in …
[Documents on Military Intelligence Service] (ddr-csujad-1-73)
doc [Documents on Military Intelligence Service] (ddr-csujad-1-73)
Contains a collection of photocopied documents on the Presidential Unit Citation to the Military Intelligence Service. Includes a map, "The Pacific War: 1942-1945 the Allied offensive." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_02_07_002
Military Intelligence Service Language School: Camp Savage, Minnesota, 1942-1944 (ddr-csujad-1-187)
doc Military Intelligence Service Language School: Camp Savage, Minnesota, 1942-1944 (ddr-csujad-1-187)
This book was published "to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Military Intelligence Service Language School and to document the records of wartime episodes of Japanese-American Nisei soldiers in the Pacific Theater of Operation and to compile a collection of treasured remembrances of Camp Savage ..." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
50 years of excellence (ddr-csujad-1-189)
doc 50 years of excellence (ddr-csujad-1-189)
An event program for Military Intelligence Service Language School Reception and Defense Language Institute 50th Anniversary, held Monterey California, October 31-November 1, 1991. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_03_01_003
Americans of of Japanese Ancestry WWII Memorial Alliance (ddr-csujad-1-201)
doc Americans of of Japanese Ancestry WWII Memorial Alliance (ddr-csujad-1-201)
A list of the Americans of Japanese ancestry who served in the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and Military Intelligence Service. The information was collected by Jim Yamashita and volunteers with the support from Americans of Japanese Ancestry WWII Memorial Alliance for "Echoes of silence," an educational project dedicated to honoring the Nisei soldiers …
Veterans of Military Intelligence Service: second national reunion (ddr-csujad-1-197)
doc Veterans of Military Intelligence Service: second national reunion (ddr-csujad-1-197)
A booklet published for the second national reunion of Military Intelligence Service veterans. Includes a directory of veterans of Military Intelligence Service personnel. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_03_10_001
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