442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (231)
Military service (2806)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (2911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

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2911 items
Three men standing outside Red Cross (ddr-densho-466-63)
img Three men standing outside Red Cross (ddr-densho-466-63)
Caption below photo on album page: Hirata, Nishikawa, Iwakiri
Man holding mortar shell in front of memorial (ddr-densho-466-252)
img Man holding mortar shell in front of memorial (ddr-densho-466-252)
Caption below photo on album page: Shig Murao. Photo partially covered by adjacent photo.
Front of stone house (ddr-densho-466-621)
img Front of stone house (ddr-densho-466-621)
Caption below photo on album page: Home of C. Columbus
Man posing with two women (ddr-densho-466-738)
img Man posing with two women (ddr-densho-466-738)
Caption below photo on album page: "Pop" Fujitani (Acampo, Calif)
Man washing clothes in river (ddr-densho-466-745)
img Man washing clothes in river (ddr-densho-466-745)
Caption below photo on album page: Casey Washing Clothes - Strange!
Group sitting at table (ddr-densho-466-435)
img Group sitting at table (ddr-densho-466-435)
Caption on right of photo on album page: George & Elsie Morihiro and Shig & June Momoda
Woman with corsage (ddr-densho-466-914)
img Woman with corsage (ddr-densho-466-914)
Caption below photo on album page: Betty Yoshino Cute huh!
Women leaning against wall (ddr-densho-466-220)
img Women leaning against wall (ddr-densho-466-220)
Caption below photo on album page: Wilma Florence Italy
View of hillside (ddr-densho-466-122)
img View of hillside (ddr-densho-466-122)
Caption below photo on album page: Cassino Abbie Monastery
Piazza echo (ddr-densho-466-55)
img Piazza echo (ddr-densho-466-55)
Caption below photo on album page: Piazza Vecchio
Young boy in toy car (ddr-densho-466-206)
img Young boy in toy car (ddr-densho-466-206)
Caption below photo on album page: Shig Yamashita
Two women standing by park bench (ddr-densho-466-894)
img Two women standing by park bench (ddr-densho-466-894)
Caption below photo on album page: June Morishita and Ruth Nakao (Gresham, Oregon). Inscription on photo front: Dear Kim, always Ruth
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