442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (215)
Military service (1097)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1956)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1956 items
Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-190-30)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-190-30)
Combat in Bruyeres: new replacement soldiers seeing battle for the first time

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-190-27)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-190-27)
A squad leader uses improvised Japanese language to communicate with troops

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-190-23)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-190-23)
First impressions of war-torn Europe

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-190-32)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 32 (ddr-densho-1000-190-32)
Realizing the immense casualties after the battle of the "Lost Battalion"

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-190-35)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-190-35)
Secretly being transferred back to Italy

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-190-25)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-190-25)
First experience with combat and casualties

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

James
vh James "Turk" Suzuki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-204-23)
Receiving protection from a farmer and his family while on a mission in Italy
Mits Takahashi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-207-23)
vh Mits Takahashi Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-207-23)
Observing the 442nd RCT after the Battle of the Lost Battalion: "They looked like insane people"
Genro Kashiwa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-395-10)
vh Genro Kashiwa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-395-10)
Serving in Italy and being placed in command

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Daniel Inouye Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-28-9)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-28-9)
Traveling through the South as a Japanese American GI: "You will be considered white"

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews …

Daniel Inouye Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-28-6)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-28-6)
Reaction of parents to Nisei military volunteers in Hawaii

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length …

Daniel Inouye Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-28-18)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-28-18)
Serving as a military officer, tactics for lowering the casualty rate

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter …

Daniel Inouye Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-28-8)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-28-8)
Leaving for duty, a less than auspicious send-off for the Japanese American GIs

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were …

Daniel Inouye Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-28-5)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-28-5)
The call for military volunteers: running to sign up

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length …

Daniel Inouye Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-28-20)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-28-20)
Being injured in battle

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview …

Daniel Inouye Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-28-12)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-28-12)
Thoughts just before going into battle, and the Nisei soldiers' attitude, honor and shame

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews …

Daniel Inouye Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-28-11)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-28-11)
Fighting for the 442nd Regimental Combat Team: a segregated unit

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in …

Daniel Inouye Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-28-15)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-28-15)
Receiving a battlefield commission

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview …

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