Medical care and health issues

Medical and dental facilities were for the most part inadequate, lacking in both equipment and staff. Doctors and nurses were overworked, and treatment was often substandard as well as delayed. Camp inmates recall outbreaks of food poisoning, tuberculosis and dysentery epidemics, and preventable deaths of patients and newborns.

World War II (216)
Concentration camps (1346)
Medical care and health issues (403)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Medical care in camp

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

403 items
School nurse administrating throat swabbing to grade school students at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-4)
img School nurse administrating throat swabbing to grade school students at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-4)
School nurse administrating throat swabbing to grade school students at Granada incarceration camp. December 10, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_004
Former Californian Dr. Fugikawa examining a patient (ddr-csujad-14-14)
img Former Californian Dr. Fugikawa examining a patient (ddr-csujad-14-14)
Former Californian Dr. Fugikawa examining a patient, S. Ego, with Jerome incarceration camp hospital's fluoroscope. March 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_014
Former California biochemistry student Tom Arase (ddr-csujad-14-15)
img Former California biochemistry student Tom Arase (ddr-csujad-14-15)
Former California biochemistry student Tom Arase performs gastro analysis in hospital laboratory at Jerome incarceration camp March 3, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_015
Six-year-old Reiko Mastuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-16)
img Six-year-old Reiko Mastuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-16)
Six-year-old Reiko Matsuda, convalescing from serious illness at Jerome incarceration camp, is looked after by nurse's aid Chiyo Okata. March 11, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_016
Manzanar From Inside Out (ddr-csujad-19-2)
doc Manzanar From Inside Out (ddr-csujad-19-2)
Text of address by Roy Nash, Director of the Manzanar War Relocation Project, given to the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, on July 31, 1942 for the purpose of "interpret[ing] the actuality of a War Relocation Center housing 10,000 evacuees" in view of perceptions of mistreatment of incarcerees in California. Sections of the speech include …
Obstetric at the camp hospital (ddr-csujad-26-128)
img Obstetric at the camp hospital (ddr-csujad-26-128)
An obstetric nurse holds a baby. Verso reads, "Obstetric at the camp hospital." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_098
University of California evacuation and resettlement study: The Gila River WRA relocation center, Rivers, Pinal County, Arizona (ddr-csujad-26-27)
doc University of California evacuation and resettlement study: The Gila River WRA relocation center, Rivers, Pinal County, Arizona (ddr-csujad-26-27)
Description of the Gila River incarceration camp during the first month of occupation, including camp location, climate, landscape, barracks, issues with camp construction, poor conditions and lack of furnishings, incarcerees who were subjected to upon arrival. Camp administration, food and housing issues, camp employment, security, recreation, and social groups are described and analyzed. Report compiled as …
Victim of the Japanese Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS) (ddr-csujad-26-31)
doc Victim of the Japanese Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS) (ddr-csujad-26-31)
An affidavit written to invalidate purported distortions and false accusations made against the author in two books published using research material collected by Rosalie Hankey Wax during de Cristoforo's incarceration at Tule Lake. The books are "Doing Fieldwork: Warnings and Advice" by Rosalie H. Wax and "The Spoilage" by Dorothy Swaine Thomas and Richard S. Nishimoto …
View of the doctor's court in Manzanar hospital (ddr-csujad-36-14)
img View of the doctor's court in Manzanar hospital (ddr-csujad-36-14)
Colored photograph of the doctor's court at the Manzanar incarceration camp. Verso states, "View of the doctor's court in Manzanar hospital." Title from verso. A photo from: Manzanar Photo Album. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: man_01_015_01
Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 40th session (June 15, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-34)
doc Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 40th session (June 15, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-34)
The council minutes feature the current locations of incarcerees. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-01_063
Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 29th session (May 8, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-28)
doc Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 29th session (May 8, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-28)
The council minutes feature a report on the possibility of hospital ward 7 being reopened. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-01_057
Heart Mountain Relocation Project Third Community Council, 24th session (December 1, 1944) (ddr-csujad-45-4)
doc Heart Mountain Relocation Project Third Community Council, 24th session (December 1, 1944) (ddr-csujad-45-4)
The council minutes feature a discussion on recommending the reopening of wards due to the increase of patients needing hospitalization. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-01_033
Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 44th session (June 29, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-40)
doc Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 44th session (June 29, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-40)
The council minutes feature the notice on who is eligible for Pullman. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-01_069
Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 40th session (June 15, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-35)
doc Heart Mountain Relocation Project Fourth Community Council, 40th session (June 15, 1945) (ddr-csujad-45-35)
The council minutes feature the current locations of incarcerees. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-01_064
Heart Mountain Relocation Project Third Community Council, 16th session (November 8, 1944) (ddr-csujad-45-2)
doc Heart Mountain Relocation Project Third Community Council, 16th session (November 8, 1944) (ddr-csujad-45-2)
The council minutes feature a discussion on the possibility of the West Coast being reopened, difficulties for patients in obtaining timely optometry service, and the current food situation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMRC_01-01_031
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Manzanar Relocation Area civilian pass (ddr-csujad-48-48)
doc Manzanar Relocation Area civilian pass (ddr-csujad-48-48)
Manzanar Relocation Area civilian pass for Shirley Wells. No. 50; Good only for March; Name Shirley Wells; Position Superv. Nurse; Height 5'4" Eyes Blue Hair Brown; Signed by the Acting Asst. Project Director and the Pass Holder. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0048
Department of Education staff report guidance bulletin, no. 2 (October 28, 1942) (ddr-csujad-48-132)
doc Department of Education staff report guidance bulletin, no. 2 (October 28, 1942) (ddr-csujad-48-132)
Guidance Bulletin No. 2 written by Elizabeth Moxley and Edward G. Chester for the Department of Education. The bulletin addresses the following subjects: crippled children, clothing, home visits, school health, and social studies. The school health section discusses the procedures for helping a student if they become ill during the school day and recommends the elementary …
Memorandum from Elizabeth M. Moxley, supervisor of health and phys. ed., to all teachers, November 19, 1942 (ddr-csujad-48-99)
doc Memorandum from Elizabeth M. Moxley, supervisor of health and phys. ed., to all teachers, November 19, 1942 (ddr-csujad-48-99)
Memorandum from Elizabeth M. Moxley to all teachers encouraging the use of the attached injury/accident forms and to report all cases that may be of importance. Attached to the memo are several blank accident forms for the teachers. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9908. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Manzanar from the inside (ddr-csujad-48-62)
doc Manzanar from the inside (ddr-csujad-48-62)
Text of address by Roy Nash, Director of the Manzanar War Relocation Project, given to the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, on July 31, 1942 for the purpose of "interpret[ing] the actuality of a War Relocation Center housing 10,000 evacuees" in view of perceptions of mistreatment of incarcerees in California. Sections of the speech include …
Letter from Shirley E. Wells to Gertrude L. Wetzel, Project Nursing Director, March 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-78)
doc Letter from Shirley E. Wells to Gertrude L. Wetzel, Project Nursing Director, March 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-78)
Letter of resignation for Shirley E. Wells to Gertrude L. Wetzel, the Project Nursing Director at Manzanar Hospital, effective April 21, 1943. Shirley indicates she enjoyed the work, but has been advised by her physician to resign. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9078. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Photograph of B.R. Chamberlain, Ned and Harry Morioka and two other children posing in front of the infirmary at Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley (ddr-csujad-47-138)
img Photograph of B.R. Chamberlain, Ned and Harry Morioka and two other children posing in front of the infirmary at Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley (ddr-csujad-47-138)
Photograph of Albert R. Chamberlain, Ned and Harry Morioka and two other children posing in front of the infirmary at Cow Creek Camp in Death Valley National Park. Ned and Harry are holding the handles of two wheelbarrows which hold the other two children. Incarcerees were transferred to the former Civilian Conservation Camp after the Manzanar …
Photograph of smiling male hospital staff posing in front of the Manzanar hospital (ddr-csujad-47-198)
img Photograph of smiling male hospital staff posing in front of the Manzanar hospital (ddr-csujad-47-198)
Photograph of smiling male hospital staff posing near the Manzanar hospital at the Manzanar incarceration camp. There is a utility pole behind him and a building with a covered porch. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_0334
Photograph of four women standing in front of a U.S. Army ambulance at Manzanar (ddr-csujad-47-183)
img Photograph of four women standing in front of a U.S. Army ambulance at Manzanar (ddr-csujad-47-183)
Photograph of four women standing in front of a U.S. Army ambulance at Manzanar incarceration camp. All of the women were employed by the Manzanar hospital. Barracks and other buildings can be seen in the background. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_0319
Photograph of eight hospital staff aides posing in front of the Manzanar hospital (ddr-csujad-47-195)
img Photograph of eight hospital staff aides posing in front of the Manzanar hospital (ddr-csujad-47-195)
Photograph of eight hospital staff aides posing in front of the Manzanar hospital at the Manzanar incarceration camp. There is a clothes pole behind them. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_0331
API