The journey

The journey from temporary "assembly centers" to permanent concentration camps was a difficult and disorienting experience. Japanese Americans were transported in buses and trains to desolate regions of the country guarded by armed soldiers. Forced to keep the window shades drawn, camp inmates were unaware of where they were going, and were often shocked by the harsh landscape upon arrival.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1245)
The journey (99)

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99 items
Travel roster sheet (ddr-densho-25-83)
doc Travel roster sheet (ddr-densho-25-83)
This roster sheet specified the people traveling in one train car to Tule Lake, California.
Japanese Americans arriving by train (ddr-densho-37-824)
img Japanese Americans arriving by train (ddr-densho-37-824)
Original WRA caption: Eden, Idaho. A train bringing approximately six hundred evacuees from the assembly center at Puyallup, Washington. Buses, used to transport these people to the Minidoka War Relocation Authority center, are waiting at the siding.
Memo on escorts to Tule Lake (ddr-densho-356-907)
doc Memo on escorts to Tule Lake (ddr-densho-356-907)
Memo regarding transfer of inmates to Tule Lake and what routes and stations have escorts to take them from the station to Tule Lake. Item stapled together with ddr-densho-356-887, 890, 902, 906 and 907.
Administrative Notice No. 27 Transfer to Amache (ddr-densho-356-802)
doc Administrative Notice No. 27 Transfer to Amache (ddr-densho-356-802)
Administrative Notice No. 27 from Santa Anita Assembly Center contains information regarding personal belongings in storage outside of the camp remaining their until settled at Amache at which point individuals my request their items be shipped to camp at the WRA's expense. It also provides instructions regarding train travel to Amache including water conservation, cleanliness, and …
Evacuation of Merced Assembly Center (ddr-densho-356-794)
doc Evacuation of Merced Assembly Center (ddr-densho-356-794)
Instructions for internees at Merced on the camp wide transfer to Topaz.
Letter to Yuri Domoto from Min Yonekura (ddr-densho-356-295)
doc Letter to Yuri Domoto from Min Yonekura (ddr-densho-356-295)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Minoru "Min" Yonekura. In the letter Min writes about his first few days at Topaz and the trip there. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-277 and ddr-densho-356-320.
Evacuee Information Release No. 2 Baggage Instructions (ddr-densho-356-803)
doc Evacuee Information Release No. 2 Baggage Instructions (ddr-densho-356-803)
Evacuee Information Release No. 2 from Santa Anita Assembly Center informs internees about the types of baggage allowed and how each type will be transported.
Letter to Yuri Domoto from Mitsuko Nakamura (ddr-densho-356-381)
doc Letter to Yuri Domoto from Mitsuko Nakamura (ddr-densho-356-381)
Letter to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Mitsuko Nakamura in which Mistuko tells about her first days in Crystal City and how it differs from Amache. Item tied together with all objects between ddr-densho-356-321 and ddr-densho-356-413.
Instructions to Japanese Americans enroute to War Relocation Camps (ddr-densho-356-792)
doc Instructions to Japanese Americans enroute to War Relocation Camps (ddr-densho-356-792)
List of rules for individuals to follow while being transferred from an Assembly Center to a Relocation Center
Instructions on Evacuation of Merced Assembly Center (ddr-densho-356-774)
doc Instructions on Evacuation of Merced Assembly Center (ddr-densho-356-774)
Instructions for Yuriko Domoto Tsukada, her father Kanetaro Domoto, and her sister Wakako Domoto for the relocation from Merced to Granada.
Two letters to Yuri from Min Yonekura (ddr-densho-356-285)
doc Two letters to Yuri from Min Yonekura (ddr-densho-356-285)
Two letters to Yuriko Domoto Tsukada from Minoru "Min" Yonekura. Both letters stored in one envelope, unclear if they were mailed together or separately. Letter 5/11: describes forced removal, details items needed in assembly center to make barracks feel homey, food quality in the assembly center and general life there. Letter 2: discusses plans to move …
Ten-minute rest stop (ddr-densho-253-5)
img Ten-minute rest stop (ddr-densho-253-5)
Caption: "Ten-minute rest stop permitted the Japanese to stretch briefly. Halts were made at two-hour intervals. Some Japanese strolled into sagebrush, others tinkered with motors, smoked, talked."
Internees filled mattress tickings (ddr-densho-253-3)
img Internees filled mattress tickings (ddr-densho-253-3)
Caption: "Internees filled matress tickings with straw as the last daylight fades over the Sierras. Upon these ticks, covering metal Army cots, Japanese slept. Only essential furniture was supplied. Additional comforts were fashioned in Manzanar workshops."
Journey's end (ddr-densho-253-2)
img Journey's end (ddr-densho-253-2)
Caption: "Journey's end is Manzanar, attained by the desert-dusty convoy as the long shade of the Sierras reaches across Owens Valley from the west."
Convoy to Manzanar (ddr-densho-253-4)
img Convoy to Manzanar (ddr-densho-253-4)
Caption: "A car loaded with furniture and luggage on the road to Manzanar."
Across the Mojave Desert (ddr-densho-253-7)
img Across the Mojave Desert (ddr-densho-253-7)
Caption: "Across the Mojave Desert the four-mile-long convoy cut northward, following the arrow-straight flight of the Sierra Highway to the cool, snow-topped mountains. Pacing the procession at 30 m.p.h. was a jeep with red headlights. Behind it rolled a staff sedan carrying the provost marshal in command of the convoy. Behind that follows a press car. …
Tule Lake monograph (ddr-csujad-26-1)
doc Tule Lake monograph (ddr-csujad-26-1)
Unpublished manuscript includes a collection of diary entries, letters, and essays written by school students incarcerated at the Tule Lake camp and collected through the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). The writings include first-person descriptions of travel to the Tule Lake camp, adapting to camp, limitations of camp, day-to-day camp life, family life, community …
University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
doc University of California, evacuation and settlement study: case history I (ddr-csujad-26-26)
Correspondence regarding a profile of incarceree Harry Osaka written by Robert Spencer. The profile was taken during a trip to Fresno for Harry's mother's funeral with Spencer as the escort and includes Harry's life and family story, farm business before incarceration, religious practices, holiday practices, description of funeral. Profile included as part of the Japanese American …
A woman boarding a bus to go to Minidoka (ddr-fom-1-888)
img A woman boarding a bus to go to Minidoka (ddr-fom-1-888)
WRA caption on reverse: "This evacuee has just arrived by train with 600 others from the Puyallup assembly center and is boarding one of the waiting buses for the Minidoka War Relocation Authority center."
Incarcerees transferring from trains to buses on their way to Minidoka (ddr-fom-1-889)
img Incarcerees transferring from trains to buses on their way to Minidoka (ddr-fom-1-889)
WRA caption on reverse: "This evacuee has just arrived by train with 600 others from the Puyallup assembly center and is boarding one of the waiting buses for the Minidoka War Relocation Authority center."
Unloading luggage (ddr-fom-1-887)
img Unloading luggage (ddr-fom-1-887)
WRA caption on reverse: "The baggage of approximately six hundred evacuees from the assembly center at Puyallup, Washington, is taken from the train by truck to their new homes at the Minidoka War Relocation Authority Center."
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