Living conditions

The "assembly centers" were hastily erected quarters located throughout the West Coast at fairgrounds, racetracks and other similar facilities. Conditions at these locations were appalling. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. Privacy was next to nonexistent. Most families lived in a 20-by-20-foot room separated from the next "apartment" by wood partitions that did not reach the ceiling. Shortages of food and deplorable sanitation were common. Overcrowding, uncertainty, and stress created tension in the "assembly centers," even as the demoralized camp inmates tried to improve living conditions.

World War II (216)
Temporary Assembly Centers (177)
Living conditions (363)

Facilities
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363 items
Walerga wasp, no. 4 (May 23, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2509)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 4 (May 23, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2509)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2615
Walerga wasp, no. 3 (May 20, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2508)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 3 (May 20, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2508)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2614
Walerga wasp, no. 8 (June 6, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2513)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 8 (June 6, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2513)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on removal to Tule Lake incarceration camp, camp events, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2619
Walerga wasp, no. 10 (June 14, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2515)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 10 (June 14, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2515)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on colleges accepting Nisei students, Tule Lake incarceration camp, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2621
Notice from E.P. Pullman, Center Manager, Fresno Assembly Center to All Evacuee Residents of the Fresno Assembly Center, August 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-122)
doc Notice from E.P. Pullman, Center Manager, Fresno Assembly Center to All Evacuee Residents of the Fresno Assembly Center, August 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-122)
Rules and regulations for detainees at the Fresno Assembly Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0124
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, August 23, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-61)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, August 23, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-61)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell describing food and living conditions in the Fresno Assembly Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00065
Walerga wasp, no. 9 (June 10, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2514)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 9 (June 10, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2514)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on removal to Tule Lake incarceration camp, camp news, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2620
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan, 1942" (ddr-janm-4-42)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan, 1942". The article was written by Soji Kashiwagi on December 17, 1984.
Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
doc Information sheet about the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center (ddr-janm-4-22)
Information sheet about the history of the Tanforan Racetrack/Detention Center.
Newspaper clipping
doc Newspaper clipping "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication" (ddr-janm-4-43)
Newspaper clipping titled "Tanforan Assembly Center Plaque Dedication". The article was written by J.K. Yamamoto on September 25, 1991 for the Hokubei Mainichi newspaper.
Lois Shikami Interview Segment 5 (ddr-chi-1-8-5)
vh Lois Shikami Interview Segment 5 (ddr-chi-1-8-5)
Arrival at the Puyallup Assembly Center: "It was a shock"
Tatsukichi Moritani Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1001-2-9)
vh Tatsukichi Moritani Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1001-2-9)
First sight of Manzanar concentration camp: "sure is a desolate-looking place"
Hisaye Yamamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1002-10-6)
vh Hisaye Yamamoto Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1002-10-6)
Memories of mass removal; first impressions of Parker Dam Assembly Center, Arizona

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not …

Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-6-3)
vh Mits Koshiyama Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-6-3)
Memories of Santa Anita Assembly Center: feeling "confused and dumbfounded"

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, …

Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1002-5-9)
vh Jim Hirabayashi Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1002-5-9)
Memories of Pinedale Assembly Center: playing sports, attending school

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead …

George Nakata Interview Segment 13 (ddr-one-7-29-13)
vh George Nakata Interview Segment 13 (ddr-one-7-29-13)
First impressions of the Portland Assembly Center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Mika Hiuga Interview Segment 9 (ddr-one-7-37-9)
vh Mika Hiuga Interview Segment 9 (ddr-one-7-37-9)
First impressions of the Pinedale Assembly Center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Lilly Kobayashi Irinaga Interview Segment 13 (ddr-one-7-47-13)
vh Lilly Kobayashi Irinaga Interview Segment 13 (ddr-one-7-47-13)
Living conditions in Portland: a medical emergency

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Alice Matsumoto Ando Interview Segment 4 (ddr-one-7-73-4)
vh Alice Matsumoto Ando Interview Segment 4 (ddr-one-7-73-4)
A child's memories of the assembly center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Shizuko
vh Shizuko "Suzie" Sakai Interview Segment 5 (ddr-one-7-4-5)
Memories of the Portland Assembly Center: "Life there was just a noisy terrible confusion"

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views …

Taylor Tomita Interview Segment 11 (ddr-one-7-61-11)
vh Taylor Tomita Interview Segment 11 (ddr-one-7-61-11)
Living conditions at the Pinedale Assembly Center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Taylor Tomita Interview Segment 12 (ddr-one-7-61-12)
vh Taylor Tomita Interview Segment 12 (ddr-one-7-61-12)
Building furniture out of scrap lumber

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Jim Tsugawa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-one-7-55-10)
vh Jim Tsugawa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-one-7-55-10)
Coping with living conditions in the assembly center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

George Azumano Interview Segment 16 (ddr-one-7-32-16)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 16 (ddr-one-7-32-16)
Living conditions at the Portland Assembly Center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

API