Living conditions

The "assembly centers" were hastily erected quarters located throughout the West Coast at fairgrounds, racetracks and other similar facilities. Conditions at these locations were appalling. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. Privacy was next to nonexistent. Most families lived in a 20-by-20-foot room separated from the next "apartment" by wood partitions that did not reach the ceiling. Shortages of food and deplorable sanitation were common. Overcrowding, uncertainty, and stress created tension in the "assembly centers," even as the demoralized camp inmates tried to improve living conditions.

World War II (216)
Temporary Assembly Centers (177)
Living conditions (367)

Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

367 items
Drawing of recreation hall #6 headquarters at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-18)
doc Drawing of recreation hall #6 headquarters at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-18)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "The small house was the headquarters for recreation #6. In the backyard, little children would play, while inside, the recreation leaders."
Drawing of the northwest corner Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-14)
doc Drawing of the northwest corner Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-14)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "This is a scene near the north west corner of camp. The metal scraps seen on the ground were used by the internees in hammering out useful utensils for use in camp life. The guard part shown, is the scene of the only harshness shown by a guard during my entire …
Drawing of the barracks at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-13)
doc Drawing of the barracks at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-13)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "This scene is the most repugnant to all the internees at Tanfo. Not the actual [?] but the odors which wafted about, especially on moonlit nights. A sewer[?] which refused to operate properly was the cause. The children who played in the gullies seemed unmindful. A few yards to the right …
Drawing of the inside of a classroom at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-22)
doc Drawing of the inside of a classroom at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-22)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "This is my wonderful history class (under the grandstand). The entire school was housed under one roof with no partition between classes. There wold be so much noise that one day we, weather permitting, the teachers would [?] their classes out on the grandstand where there would be less noise. The …
Drawing of barracks 16, apartment 28 at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-15)
doc Drawing of barracks 16, apartment 28 at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-15)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "Barrack 16, apartment 28 where the Iyeki's resided in a palatial horse stable. The balcony which was the only one of its kind in camp proved very useful. The little door under the porch when swung open would reveal many beer and whiskey bottles strewn all over the wet earth. The …
Drawing of the laundry buildings at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-10)
doc Drawing of the laundry buildings at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-10)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "These are the laundry buildings from which all the internees left for Topaz, Utah. As the time for the trip to Utah neared, fences were put up around these three makeshift structures and people were leaving the camp every day like herds of cattle."
Drawing of the south side of Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-3)
doc Drawing of the south side of Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-3)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "This is a scene on the south side of Tanforan. The eucalyptus trees were always green, a factor which helped to keep our morale up. The green houses in the background were the better stables, on the opposite side of the track from the 'common' planked horse shelters. These that were …
Drawing of barracks 16 at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-4)
doc Drawing of barracks 16 at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-4)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "This # barrack 16 served as our dwelling during the months spent at Tanforan. During our stay, peculiar odors persisted, reminding us of horse manure. We lived in the end apartment. The balcony came in very handy as we had an excellent view. All day long evacuees would be scurrying back …
Drawing of the script books building at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-20)
doc Drawing of the script books building at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-20)
Caption written by Kenneth Iyeki: "This is where the script books were sold, and where they were distributed free. If anyone wanted extras, they would have to pay for them. Cash was not used in in the center."
Drawing of the military camp at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-7)
doc Drawing of the military camp at Tanforan Assembly Center (ddr-densho-392-7)
Caption by Kenneth Iyeki: "After drawing this picture of the military camp in the south-west corner of Tanforan, I found that such pictures were prohibited. The soldiers in this camp were all swell fellows, and when on guard duty, were as amicable as could be. Along the fence, the soldiers would play horseshoes, and wash the …
Letter from Bill to Tama (ddr-densho-383-543)
doc Letter from Bill to Tama (ddr-densho-383-543)
Dated "2nd Night", describing living conditions at Camp Harmony
Letter from Nobutaka (probably Nobuko Yanagimachi) to Tamako Inouye (ddr-densho-383-556)
doc Letter from Nobutaka (probably Nobuko Yanagimachi) to Tamako Inouye (ddr-densho-383-556)
Re: conditions at Camp Harmony. Nobuko Yanagimachi was a fellow UW student and member of Fuyo-Kai
Credit memo, Lodging Dept. (ddr-csujad-55-862)
doc Credit memo, Lodging Dept. (ddr-csujad-55-862)
Card for lodging supply credits at Pomona Temporary Assembly Center. Issued to Shoji Nagumo. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0864
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell, June 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-59)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell, June 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-59)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell describing living conditions at the Fresno Assembly Center. Waegell is spelled as Wegella. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00063
Walerga wasp, no. 6 (May 30, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2511)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 6 (May 30, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2511)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on beet workers, adult education, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2617
Saturday news (Fresno, California) (May 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-46)
doc Saturday news (Fresno, California) (May 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-46)
News bulletin from the Fresno Assembly Center. Topics include sanitation, baby formula, milk prescription, repairs, press room, mail order, alien change of address, selective service, church notes, typhoid inoculation, and lost and found. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00050
Letter from Mary Kuwabara to Mrs. Waegell, June 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-2563)
doc Letter from Mary Kuwabara to Mrs. Waegell, June 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-2563)
Letter from Mary Kuwabara to Mrs. Waegell regarding arriving at Pinedale Assembly Center. She writes about daily life at the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2671
Walerga wasp, no. 7 (June 4, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2512)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 7 (June 4, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2512)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on "evacuation," schools, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2618
Walerga wasp, no. 2 (May 13, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2507)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 2 (May 13, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2507)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2613
Walerga wasp, no. 5 (May 27, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2510)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 5 (May 27, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2510)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2616
API