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Living conditions

The "assembly centers" were hastily erected quarters located throughout the West Coast at fairgrounds, racetracks and other similar facilities. Conditions at these locations were appalling. People were housed in animal stalls and barracks with communal bathrooms and mess halls. Privacy was next to nonexistent. Most families lived in a 20-by-20-foot room separated from the next "apartment" by wood partitions that did not reach the ceiling. Shortages of food and deplorable sanitation were common. Overcrowding, uncertainty, and stress created tension in the "assembly centers," even as the demoralized camp inmates tried to improve living conditions.

World War II (215)
Temporary Assembly Centers (175)
Living conditions (364)


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364 items
Envelope from Kester [sic] E. Suzukli to Rev. and Mrs. Miller, 1942 June 20 (ddr-csujad-20-15)
av Envelope from Kester [sic] E. Suzukli to Rev. and Mrs. Miller, 1942 June 20 (ddr-csujad-20-15)
Envelope without the letter sent by Kester [Lester] E. Suzuki to Mr. and Mrs. Wendell Miller. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: WLM_01-46_15
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, June 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-51)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, June 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-51)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0050. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_28_001_eng
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-45)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-45)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0044. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_26_001_eng
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, June 1942, Japanese typescript (ddr-csujad-42-52)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, June 1942, Japanese typescript (ddr-csujad-42-52)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0050. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_28_001_jpn
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, May 30, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-48)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, May 30, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-48)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0047. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_27_001_eng
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, May 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-47)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, May 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-47)
A letter from Tsuruno Meguro who writes from the Pomona Assembly Center to her daughter, Yoneko Takano in the Santa Ana Assembly Center. In the letter, she writes about the living conditions in the Pomona Assembly Center. She is grateful for the food served without cooking but complains about a long and unpleasant wait for each …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 13, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-54)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 13, 1942, English translation (ddr-csujad-42-54)
English translation of the letter: csudh_tak_0053. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_29_001_eng
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, June, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-50)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, June, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-50)
A letter from Tsuruno Meguro in the Pomona Assembly Center to her daughter, Yoneko Takano in the Santa Anita Assembly Center. In the letter, Tsuruno describes the lives and conditions in the camp, including the hot weather, classes and entertainment, church, allowance and wages, and other incarcerees who she met in the camp. She writes about …
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 13, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-55)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 13, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-55)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0053. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_29_001_jpn
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-46)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, May 20, 1942, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-46)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0044. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_26_001_jpn
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 13, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-53)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 13, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-53)
A letter from Tsuruno Meguro in the Pomona Assembly Center to her son-in-law and daughter, Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano in the Santa Anita Assembly Center. In the letter, she describes the lives in the assembly center, including her daily routine. English translation is found in item: csudh_tak_0054. Typescript is found in item: csudh_tak_0055. See this …
Letter from Kumaji Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 21, 194, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-58)
doc Letter from Kumaji Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 21, 194, typescript (ddr-csujad-42-58)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0056. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_30_001_jpn
Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, May 30, 1942, Japanese typescript (ddr-csujad-42-49)
doc Letter from Tsuruno Meguro to Yoneko Takano, May 30, 1942, Japanese typescript (ddr-csujad-42-49)
Japanese typescript of the letter: csudh_tak_0047. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tak_01_27_001_jpn
Letter from Kumaji Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 21, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-56)
doc Letter from Kumaji Meguro to Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano, July 21, 1942 (ddr-csujad-42-56)
A letter from Kumaji Meguro in the Pomona Assembly Center to his son-in-law and daughter, Fumio Fred and Yoneko Takano in the Santa Anita Assembly Center. The letter describes the lives and living conditions in the assembly center, including the allowance and wages, entertainments, etc. Kumaji details his daily routine and expresses his appreciation for the …
Walerga wasp, no. 6 (May 30, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2511)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 6 (May 30, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2511)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on beet workers, adult education, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2617
Credit memo, Lodging Dept. (ddr-csujad-55-862)
doc Credit memo, Lodging Dept. (ddr-csujad-55-862)
Card for lodging supply credits at Pomona Temporary Assembly Center. Issued to Shoji Nagumo. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0864
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell, June 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-59)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell, June 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-59)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell describing living conditions at the Fresno Assembly Center. Waegell is spelled as Wegella. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00063
Walerga wasp, no. 2 (May 13, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2507)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 2 (May 13, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2507)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2613
Walerga wasp, no. 10 (June 14, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2515)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 10 (June 14, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2515)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. Current issue includes articles on colleges accepting Nisei students, Tule Lake incarceration camp, and sports. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2621
Saturday news (Fresno, California) (May 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-46)
doc Saturday news (Fresno, California) (May 16, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-46)
News bulletin from the Fresno Assembly Center. Topics include sanitation, baby formula, milk prescription, repairs, press room, mail order, alien change of address, selective service, church notes, typhoid inoculation, and lost and found. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00050
Walerga wasp, no. 5 (May 27, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2510)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 5 (May 27, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2510)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2616
Walerga wasp, no. 4 (May 23, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2509)
doc Walerga wasp, no. 4 (May 23, 1942) (ddr-csujad-55-2509)
Newspaper published at the Walerga Assembly Center covering news, updates, camp services, and events. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2615
Notice from E.P. Pullman, Center Manager, Fresno Assembly Center to All Evacuee Residents of the Fresno Assembly Center, August 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-122)
doc Notice from E.P. Pullman, Center Manager, Fresno Assembly Center to All Evacuee Residents of the Fresno Assembly Center, August 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-122)
Rules and regulations for detainees at the Fresno Assembly Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0124
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, August 23, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-61)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, August 23, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-61)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Waegell describing food and living conditions in the Fresno Assembly Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00065
Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
doc Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
Oral history interview with Dr. Kikuo H. Taira. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Taira, Dr Kikuo
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