Agriculture

Many Issei (first-generation Japanese immigrants) began as sharecroppers. Others sought to buy land, but the Issei had to overcome obstacles preventing them from competing with white farmers. California and other states passed alien land laws prohibiting Asian immigrants from purchasing or leasing agricultural land. There were ways around the discriminatory laws: an Issei father could put the property in the name of his American-born child, or issei could form corporations in which a majority of the shareholders were American citizens. Despite the alien land laws, Issei farmers played a significant role in West Coast agriculture. In the years just prior to World War II, Japanese American families grew 35 percent of the produce in California. By the 1920s, Japanese Americans supplied 75 percent of the produce and half the milk to the Puget Sound region.

Industry and employment (435)
Agriculture (693)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Seabrook Farms

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693 items
Portrait of three children (ddr-densho-313-15)
img Portrait of three children (ddr-densho-313-15)
Written on back: "Taken 1928 during strawberry time at Hillsboro, Ore."
Farm landscape (ddr-densho-313-19)
img Farm landscape (ddr-densho-313-19)
Written on back: "Jackson berryfield Gales Creek June 1937".
Tractors (ddr-one-1-452)
img Tractors (ddr-one-1-452)
Color slide of two parked John Deere tractors in a field, appears to be an old John Deere 1940s model M and a newer 1950s Model A with a fork loader attached to the front. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951. For black and white negative please see ONLC 4821, for black and white …
Frank on a tractor (ddr-one-1-574)
img Frank on a tractor (ddr-one-1-574)
Black and white photographic negative of Frank Hirahara sitting on an old tractor at a farm.
Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American (ddr-one-3-76)
doc Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American (ddr-one-3-76)
November 5, 1953 issue of the Mt. Adams Sun, Volume XIX, Number 6. The newspaper contains an article on the front page titled "Kay Kido Threw Her Trousseau Overboard to Become American." The article is about the Kenjiro and Miyuki "Kay" Kida process for American citizenship and their experiences living in the United States.
George Pyatt in front of downed tree (ddr-one-3-77)
img George Pyatt in front of downed tree (ddr-one-3-77)
Black and white photograph of four people, two standing on a downed tree, two sanding in front. George Pyatt standing in front of the down tree on the right side, "Pyatt" written below in red ink. Written on back of photograph: "Kay and Kida will know this one. George Pyatt in foreground."
Kenjiro Kida in field (ddr-one-3-78)
img Kenjiro Kida in field (ddr-one-3-78)
Black and white photograph of Kenjiro Kida standing next to a sapling in a field. Above his head is written "Kida" in red ink. On the back is written "Kenjiro Kida" in pencil.
Cart (ddr-one-1-632)
img Cart (ddr-one-1-632)
Black and white photographic negative of a cart with dirt covering the wheels.
Welding (ddr-one-1-442)
img Welding (ddr-one-1-442)
Color slide of an unidentified man wearing a welding helmet and holding tools. Appears to be working on repairing a piece of machinery. According to donor processed on June 20, 1951.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 2 (July 12, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-28)
Select article titles: "House group recommends temp'y farm labor plan be continued: 'No ill effects' on domestic labor market recorded" (p. 1); "JACL Campaign Against Anti-Nisei Films on TV Circularized by NARBT" (p. 1); "Small Claims Court Hears Civil Right Cases" (p. 1); "$86,550 damage suit filed in traffic death of Sakamoto" (p. 1); "Mr. Moto, …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 18 (May 3, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 44, No. 18 (May 3, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-18)
Select article titles: "Congressional hearings end on use of temporary Japanese farm labor" (p. 1); "Congressmen to support JACL Nat'l TV protest" (p. 1); "Active Chicagoan Mike Hagiwara dies unexpectedly" (p. 1); "Denver TV stations promis no showing of anti-Nisei films" (p. 1); "Parents of grade school pupils urged to protest use of 'Firelight Reader'" (p. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 18 (October 31, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 18 (October 31, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-44)
Select article titles: "JACL Joins Campaign to Change Senate Filibustering Rules" (p.1); "Nisei researcher working for stronger looking potato without black spots" (P.3); "'Right to Work' initiative also hot for Wash. Voters" (p. 6)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 8 (February 19, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 8 (February 19, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-8)
Selected article titles: "No Racial Bias in Listing Real Property Asked" (p.1), "Nisei Growers Ask Contracts with 'Tanno' by Completed" (p.1), "History Project Commended by Sheriff for Bolstering Racial Pride and Family Ties" (p.1), "Federal Judges Decline to Rule on Virginia Anti-Miscegenation Case" (p.1-2), "Sen. Kuchel Criticizes Continuation of National Origins Limit on Immigration, Calls for …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 10 (March 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 10 (March 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-10)
Selected article titles: "1st Civil Rights Bill Passed in State of Utah" (p.1), "Home-Owners near Farm Labor Camp Protest Skid-Row Recruits" (p.1), "Wyoming Governor Signs Act Repealing Miscegenation Law" (p.1), "Immigration Testimony" (p.2), "First California Gray Whale Captured Alive for Sea World by Nisei Commercial Whaler, Considered Top U.S. Sharpshooter" (p.3), "Hawaii's Reapportionment Task Toughened by …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
Selected article titles: "Orange County Japanese Become Millionaires as Land Value Rise, but Hard Times Strike Growers in Imperial Valley-JHP Learns" (p.1-2), "Documents for History Project Gain in Volume" (p.1-2), "Ventura County Lemon Growers Authorized Limited 'Tanno' Use" (p.1-2), "100th, 442nd Designations to Be Retained" (p.3), "San Francisco Japanese Cultural, Trade Center Groundbreaking Rites Set Mar. …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 25 (June 18, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 25 (June 18, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-25)
Selected article titles: "History Project: Issei Railroaders in the Rockies" (p.1), "Tanno Laborers May Be Sent Home in Two Weeks: Wirtz" (p.1), "JACL Youth Survey among Chapters On" (p.1), "Supreme Court Decisions" (p.2), "Accent on Youth" (p.2), "Low Voter Registration in Hawaii May Bring in U.S. Registrars" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 5 (January 29, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 5 (January 29, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-5)
Selected article titles: "Wyoming Legislature Repeals Anti-Miscegenation Statute" (p.1-2), "Virginia Anti-Miscegenation Law Argued before Special U.S. Court" (p.1-2), "700 Supplemental Farm Workers Placed on 'Stand-By' in California" (p.1), "Alien Land Law Campaign in 1966 Sighted" (p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 6 (August 6, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 61, No. 6 (August 6, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-32)
Selected article titles: "Apartments Outside Minority Section Won't Rent to Nisei" (p.1), "Future of Youth Is in Our Own Making: Y. Wada" (p.1, 4), "Official U.S. Supreme Court Includes Section of Japanese Americans" (p.1, 5), "U.S. and Vietnam" (p.2), "Union Leader Asks Some 700 Tanno Be Returned to Japan"(p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 18 (October 30, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 18 (October 30, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-44)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Favoring Prop. 14 Are 'Misguided" Says Enomoto" (p.1), "8,000 Aliens Who Served in U.S. Armed Forces May Be Naturalized" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Urges Californians Not to Dignify Bias" (p.1), "Local School Boards Still Retain Power to District Zones, Supreme Court Decides" (p.1), "Soil Conservation Supervisors Hail Nisei Farmer for 'Pay as You …
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 9 (February 28, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 9 (February 28, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-9)
Selected article titles: "Rumford Act Repeal Measure Found Qualified" (p.1), "Sen. Kuchel Honored by JACL; Predicts Civil Rights Bill Win" (p.1), "Gov. Brown Pledges Support to Seek Needed Farm Help" (p.1), "PSWDC Major Medical Insurance Program to Be Launced when Brochure Printed" (p.1), "Civil Rights Act" (p.2), "Nisei Pastor of Negro Church Cited" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 8 (February 21, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, Vol. 8 (February 21, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-8)
Selected article titles: "Growers Council to Recruit Domestic Hands for Bracero" (p.1); "Federal Aid in Housing Periled by Initiative" (p.1), "Tacoma Voters Reject Housing Ordinance" (p.1), "Cortez JACL Planning Community Center" (p.1), "Civil Rights Act" (p.2), "City Hall Approves Li'l Tokio Rebuilding" (p.3), "Once a North Dakota Homesteader, Kitagawa Now a Spry 88" (p.4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 59, Vol. 21 (November 20, 1964) (ddr-pc-36-47)
Selected article titles: "Seattle Sansei Freed on Bail in Mississippi" (p.1-2), "Japanese Language Project" (p.1-2), "ACLU Supports NAACP Suit to Void Prop. 14" (p.1), "When Bracero Program Ends, Call Retained Mexican Workers 'Primo'" (p1, 3), "'Inclusion' of Negro Jurors if Deliberate Held as Unconstitutional as 'Exclusion'" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 6 (February 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 6 (February 5, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-6)
Selected article titles: "Immigration Amendments Due Early Committee Study" (p.1-2), "Utah Legislature for Validating Mixed Marriages before Repeal" (p.1), "Snake River Valley Issei-Nisei Lauded" (p.1), "Santa Maria Issei Popularizes Salads with Extensive Lettuce, Celery Farming" (p.1).
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