Legal cases/coram nobis cases

Coram nobis cases refer to the 1980s attempt to reverse the World War II-era convictions of Gordon Hirabayashi, Fred Korematsu and Minoru Yasui, who challenged the constitutionality of the curfew and exclusion orders. The Supreme Court had upheld their convictions on the basis of military necessity. In the early 1980s, researcher Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig and legal historian Peter Irons discovered declassified documents verifying that the government had withheld information showing that there was no military necessity in the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans. Soon after, legal teams were assembled and identical coram nobis petitions were filed in three separate federal district courts on behalf of Hirabayashi, Korematsu, and Yasui. All three wartime convictions were subsequently vacated.

Redress and reparations (962)
Legal cases/coram nobis cases (204)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Frank Chuman, Coram nobis cases, Charles Fahy, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Marilyn Hall Patel

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204 items
Peter Irons Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-16-15)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-16-15)
Initial reactions to the judge's ruling in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or …

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-8-1)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-8-1)
Fred Korematsu's decision to bring the coram nobis case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1012-2-14)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1012-2-14)
Thoughts on postwar reopening of case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this …

Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1012-2-12)
vh Gordon Hirabayashi Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1012-2-12)
The significance of the coram nobis cases (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-6-1)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-6-1)
First thoughts on the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this …

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-6-2)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-6-2)
Deciding how to proceed in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
The media's reaction to the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
Fred Korematsu's refusal to accept a presidential pardon (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Kathryn Bannai Interview Segment 9 (ddr-sjacl-2-38-9)
vh Kathryn Bannai Interview Segment 9 (ddr-sjacl-2-38-9)
Work as an attorney for the Gordon Hirabayashi coram nobis case
Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1002-8-18)
vh Aiko Herzig Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1002-8-18)
Working with Peter Irons to find evidence of governmental misconduct during World War II

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are …

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
Finally vindicated: a victory for Fred Korematsu, the legal team, and the entire Japanese American community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-113-36)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-113-36)
Original Supreme Court decision still stands: a continued threat to our civil liberties
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-113-33)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-113-33)
Importance of public education campaign in conjunction with legal efforts, working with Fred Korematsu
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-113-28)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-113-28)
A case for vindication, not money, power of coalition as community comes together seeking redress at the same time
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
Explanation of legal procedure used in reopening case, writ of error coram nobis, assessing the risks, and support from the community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-113-35)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-113-35)
Supportive Japanese American community provides financial and emotional support for legal team and also appreciation for long-awaited vindication
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-113-26)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-113-26)
Opportunity to work on "a case of a lifetime," meeting the "cultural icon" Fred Korematsu
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-113-30)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-113-30)
Formation of the original legal team, "a very personal case to all of us"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-113-25)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-113-25)
Explanation of Korematsu v. US (1944), and of new, powerful evidence instigating the reopening of the case
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