Legal cases/coram nobis cases

Coram nobis cases refer to the 1980s attempt to reverse the World War II-era convictions of Gordon Hirabayashi, Fred Korematsu and Minoru Yasui, who challenged the constitutionality of the curfew and exclusion orders. The Supreme Court had upheld their convictions on the basis of military necessity. In the early 1980s, researcher Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig and legal historian Peter Irons discovered declassified documents verifying that the government had withheld information showing that there was no military necessity in the forced removal and incarceration of Japanese Americans. Soon after, legal teams were assembled and identical coram nobis petitions were filed in three separate federal district courts on behalf of Hirabayashi, Korematsu, and Yasui. All three wartime convictions were subsequently vacated.

Redress and reparations (883)
Legal cases/coram nobis cases (176)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Frank Chuman, Coram nobis cases, Charles Fahy, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Marilyn Hall Patel

176 items
Dale Minami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-141-42)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-141-42)
Impact of the Korematsu coram nobis case, historically and personally
Dale Minami Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-141-24)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-141-24)
Initial meeting with Peter Irons, introduction to the idea of coram nobis
Dale Minami Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-141-29)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-141-29)
Recalling a telephone conversation in which Dale "crossed swords" with Min Yasui
Dale Minami Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-141-26)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-141-26)
Formation of the coram nobis legal teams; discussion of legal strategy
Dale Minami Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-141-33)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-141-33)
Decision to file three separate cases; Fred and Kathryn Korematsu's rejection of a pardon: "We should be pardoning the government"
Dale Minami Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-141-25)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-141-25)
Reaction to Peter Irons' "smoking gun" documents regarding Korematsu: "I was stunned"
Dale Minami Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-141-30)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-141-30)
Style differences between the Korematsu lawyers and the legal teams in Seattle and Portland
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
Volunteering to testify before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians; assembling legal team, contacting Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Min Yasui
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-127-20)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-127-20)
An emotional hearing: Fred Korematsu makes a "powerful" statement in court
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-127-23)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-127-23)
Gordon Hirabayashi's case in Seattle federal court, "a partial victory"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-127-25)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-127-25)
Legacy of the coram nobis cases and the incarceration: "the internment ... affected everybody in the country because it was done by the American government."
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-127-21)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-127-21)
Judge Patel vacates Fred Korematsu's forty-year-old conviction; reaction to Judge Patel's opinion: "I just felt overjoyed at what had happened"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-127-24)
Gordon Hirabayashi's conviction is vacated in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, decision is made to not take the case to the Supreme Court
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
Discovering the "smoking gun": evidence of government misconduct in the "internment cases"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-127-13)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-127-13)
Making the decision to pursue reopening the Korematsu, Hirabayashi, and Yasui cases through coram nobis
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-127-19)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-127-19)
Facing resistance and hostility from the government's attorney, Victor Stone
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-127-15)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-127-15)
Discussing merits of using coram nobis as basis for reopening cases
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-127-18)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-127-18)
Filing petition for writ of error coram nobis, assigned Judge Marilyn Hall Patel
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-127-17)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-127-17)
Dealing with various issues, e.g. redress movement, Japanese American Citizens League, publicity, information leaks
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-127-16)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-127-16)
Initial meeting of the legal team: "One thing that impressed me was how well-organized everybody was"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-127-5)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-127-5)
Attitude regarding legal profession, "...use the system to people's benefit..."
Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-16-7)
vh Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-16-7)
Uncovering the past, locating the "tenth copy" of the original Final Report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews …

Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-16-8)
vh Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-16-8)
Description of the "tenth copy" of the original Final Report

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited …

Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-16-6)
vh Aiko Yoshinaga Herzig Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-16-6)
Importance of the coram nobis cases to redress

This interview was conducted at the Voices of Japanese American Redress Conference, held on the UCLA campus and sponsored by the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA School of Public Policy and Social Research. Because of the full conference schedule, our interviews were limited to one …

API