Fred Korematsu

Fred Korematsu was a welder who lost his job after the attack on Pearl Harbor when the Boilermakers Union expelled all Japanese American members. Korematsu decided to resist the mass removal orders, and planned to leave the state. On May 30, 1942, Korematsu was arrested for violating the exclusion order after failing to report to Tanforan Assembly Center. When Korematsu was contacted by an ACLU lawyer looking for a test case, he decided to fight the evacuation order. Korematsu lost his Supreme Court case in 1944. In the early 1980s, his case was reopened after the discovery of a crucial document indicating that in the original 1944 case, the federal government had lied to the high court. The conviction was vacated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in 1983.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Supreme Court cases (13)
Fred Korematsu (77)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Ernest Besig, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu, Edward L. Parsons, Marilyn Hall Patel, A.L. Wirin

77 items
Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-181-3)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-181-3)
Thoughts on being arrested: "I figured it was unconstitutional what they were doing"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-181-16)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-181-16)
Raising children, talking with them about Fred's case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-181-17)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-181-17)
Fred's reluctance to talk about his wartime conviction

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-181-9)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-181-9)
Looking back on legal challenges: "I feel that a wrong has righted"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-181-8)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-181-8)
Children find out about World War II case in school

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
Finding out about losing Supreme Court case: "I was upset"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-181-6)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-181-6)
Feelings upon winning 1983 coram nobis case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-181-19)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-181-19)
Feelings upon hearing the coram nobis verdict

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-181-15)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-181-15)
Beginning to talk about Fred's wartime conviction

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-181-7)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-181-7)
Not talking about World War II case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-181-2)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-181-2)
Making the decision to resist incarceration order

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-181-10)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-181-10)
Working with Wayne Collins and Ernest Besig

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-181-4)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-181-4)
Being approached by ACLU attorney Ernest Besig

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
Explanation of legal procedure used in reopening case, writ of error coram nobis, assessing the risks, and support from the community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-113-28)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-113-28)
A case for vindication, not money, power of coalition as community comes together seeking redress at the same time
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-113-33)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-113-33)
Importance of public education campaign in conjunction with legal efforts, working with Fred Korematsu
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-113-39)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-113-39)
Life after Korematsu: teaching law, community involvement, passing on lessons of tolerance and social responsibilities to children
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-113-38)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-113-38)
Lessons learned from work on Korematsu: critical perspective of the law, value of coalition work, and importance of being a good lawyer
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-113-35)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-113-35)
Supportive Japanese American community provides financial and emotional support for legal team and also appreciation for long-awaited vindication
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-113-26)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-113-26)
Opportunity to work on "a case of a lifetime," meeting the "cultural icon" Fred Korematsu
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
Finally vindicated: a victory for Fred Korematsu, the legal team, and the entire Japanese American community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-113-36)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-113-36)
Original Supreme Court decision still stands: a continued threat to our civil liberties
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-113-29)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-113-29)
Taking on the case with optimism, "We had no idea what we were getting into"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-113-34)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-113-34)
Government offers a pardon, Fred Korematsu stands firm and refuses to accept: "Why should I accept a pardon? ... I should be pardoning the government"
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