Fred Korematsu

Fred Korematsu was a welder who lost his job after the attack on Pearl Harbor when the Boilermakers Union expelled all Japanese American members. Korematsu decided to resist the mass removal orders, and planned to leave the state. On May 30, 1942, Korematsu was arrested for violating the exclusion order after failing to report to Tanforan Assembly Center. When Korematsu was contacted by an ACLU lawyer looking for a test case, he decided to fight the evacuation order. Korematsu lost his Supreme Court case in 1944. In the early 1980s, his case was reopened after the discovery of a crucial document indicating that in the original 1944 case, the federal government had lied to the high court. The conviction was vacated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in 1983.

Fred Korematsu (77)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Ernest Besig, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu, Edward L. Parsons, Marilyn Hall Patel, A.L. Wirin

77 items
Excerpt from the Korematsu brief (ddr-densho-67-107)
doc Excerpt from the Korematsu brief (ddr-densho-67-107)
Excerpt from the Korematsu brief defending evacuation on the premise that racial discrimination was not used. Blames Japanese for being unassimilated and too connected to Japan. Compares Japanese with Germans and Italians and discusses why the government did not evacuate them. Justifies internment because Japanese were able to leave camps for work.
Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-1-9)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-1-9)
Deciding to have plastic surgery: "I did a stupid thing by dong that" (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-6-2)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-6-2)
Deciding how to proceed in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-181-2)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-181-2)
Making the decision to resist incarceration order

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-181-19)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-181-19)
Feelings upon hearing the coram nobis verdict

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-181-10)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-181-10)
Working with Wayne Collins and Ernest Besig

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-181-17)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-181-17)
Fred's reluctance to talk about his wartime conviction

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-113-28)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-113-28)
A case for vindication, not money, power of coalition as community comes together seeking redress at the same time
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-113-36)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-113-36)
Original Supreme Court decision still stands: a continued threat to our civil liberties
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-113-39)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-113-39)
Life after Korematsu: teaching law, community involvement, passing on lessons of tolerance and social responsibilities to children
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 4 (August 16-September 5, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 4 (August 16-September 5, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-16)
Selected article titles: "JACL National Convention, San Jose, Aug. 6-11, 1996: All Aboard" (p. 1), "English-Only Bill Passes House" (pp. 1-2), "Severity of Anti-Asian Violence Is Increasing, Report Says" (p. 4), and "Michigan to Recall Murphy Dissent Against Internment" (pp. 6, 9).
Dale Minami Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-7-2)
vh Dale Minami Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-7-2)
Description of Fred Korematsu (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those ...

Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-1-11)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-1-11)
Looking back on wartime decisions (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are ...

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-181-16)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-181-16)
Raising children, talking with them about Fred's case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-181-8)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-181-8)
Children find out about World War II case in school

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
Volunteering to testify before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians; assembling legal team, contacting Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Min Yasui
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
Discovering the "smoking gun": evidence of government misconduct in the "internment cases"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-113-25)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-113-25)
Explanation of Korematsu v. US (1944), and of new, powerful evidence instigating the reopening of the case
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-113-29)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-113-29)
Taking on the case with optimism, "We had no idea what we were getting into"
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