Fred Korematsu

Fred Korematsu was a welder who lost his job after the attack on Pearl Harbor when the Boilermakers Union expelled all Japanese American members. Korematsu decided to resist the mass removal orders, and planned to leave the state. On May 30, 1942, Korematsu was arrested for violating the exclusion order after failing to report to Tanforan Assembly Center. When Korematsu was contacted by an ACLU lawyer looking for a test case, he decided to fight the evacuation order. Korematsu lost his Supreme Court case in 1944. In the early 1980s, his case was reopened after the discovery of a crucial document indicating that in the original 1944 case, the federal government had lied to the high court. The conviction was vacated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in 1983.

Fred Korematsu (77)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Ernest Besig, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu, Edward L. Parsons, Marilyn Hall Patel, A.L. Wirin

77 items
Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-181-7)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-181-7)
Not talking about World War II case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-181-6)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-181-6)
Feelings upon winning 1983 coram nobis case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-181-4)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-181-4)
Being approached by ACLU attorney Ernest Besig

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
Finding out about losing Supreme Court case: "I was upset"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
Explanation of legal procedure used in reopening case, writ of error coram nobis, assessing the risks, and support from the community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
Finally vindicated: a victory for Fred Korematsu, the legal team, and the entire Japanese American community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-113-34)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-113-34)
Government offers a pardon, Fred Korematsu stands firm and refuses to accept: "Why should I accept a pardon? ... I should be pardoning the government"
Memo regarding the Korematsu brief (ddr-densho-67-105)
doc Memo regarding the Korematsu brief (ddr-densho-67-105)
Memo to Cooley from J.L. Burling on the Korematsu brief. Burling wants to insert a paragraph into the brief showing that Japanese internment was for the protection of Japanese people.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 6 (February 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-6)
Selected article titles: "Immigration Raids Alarm Little Tokyo" (pp. 1, 12), "FDR 'Tapes' Tell More Than a Few Racial Slurs" (pp. 1, 7), "60th Anniversary Installation: Why the JACL Endures" (p. 7), and "The Major Supreme Court Error of WW2: Evacuation Cases" (p. 9).
Peter Irons Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-16-2)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-16-2)
Fred Korematsu's plastic surgery and motivations for resisting the incarceration (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or ...

Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-1-2)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-1-2)
Hearing about Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Peter Irons Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-16-15)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1012-16-15)
Initial reactions to the judge's ruling in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-6-1)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-6-1)
First thoughts on the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-113-26)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-113-26)
Opportunity to work on "a case of a lifetime," meeting the "cultural icon" Fred Korematsu
Dale Minami Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-141-39)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-141-39)
Hearing on the petition before Judge Marilyn Hall Patel; writing the argument to be presented the following day
Dale Minami Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-141-27)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-141-27)
First impressions of Fred Korematsu; Fred's initial concern over the legal team's youth, lack of experience
Dale Minami Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-141-38)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-141-38)
Presenting Fred Korematsu's case in a larger political context: "this is an American story about civil rights"
Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-181-15)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-181-15)
Beginning to talk about Fred's wartime conviction

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Peter Irons Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-127-21)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-127-21)
Judge Patel vacates Fred Korematsu's forty-year-old conviction; reaction to Judge Patel's opinion: "I just felt overjoyed at what had happened"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-113-33)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-113-33)
Importance of public education campaign in conjunction with legal efforts, working with Fred Korematsu
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 23 (June 11, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 23 (June 11, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-23)
Selected article titles: "Interned JAs 'Must Be Compensated': Goldberg" (p. 1), "Former Government Attorney Urges Reopening of Korematsu" (pp. 1, 10), "Speaking Out: Some Thoughts on Redress" (p. 2), and "Helping Young People to Relate to Evacuation on Personal Level" (p. 9).
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