Fred Korematsu

Fred Korematsu was a welder who lost his job after the attack on Pearl Harbor when the Boilermakers Union expelled all Japanese American members. Korematsu decided to resist the mass removal orders, and planned to leave the state. On May 30, 1942, Korematsu was arrested for violating the exclusion order after failing to report to Tanforan Assembly Center. When Korematsu was contacted by an ACLU lawyer looking for a test case, he decided to fight the evacuation order. Korematsu lost his Supreme Court case in 1944. In the early 1980s, his case was reopened after the discovery of a crucial document indicating that in the original 1944 case, the federal government had lied to the high court. The conviction was vacated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in 1983.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (69)
Supreme Court cases (13)
Fred Korematsu (77)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Ernest Besig, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu, Edward L. Parsons, Marilyn Hall Patel, A.L. Wirin

77 items
Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-1-9)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1012-1-9)
Deciding to have plastic surgery: "I did a stupid thing by dong that" (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, ...

Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-1-11)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-1-11)
Looking back on wartime decisions (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material ...

Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-1-6)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-1-6)
Being sent to an assembly center after hearing (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-8-1)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-8-1)
Fred Korematsu's decision to bring the coram nobis case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-6-1)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-6-1)
First thoughts on the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
Fred Korematsu's refusal to accept a presidential pardon (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-6-2)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-6-2)
Deciding how to proceed in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
The media's reaction to the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Dale Minami Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-141-38)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-141-38)
Presenting Fred Korematsu's case in a larger political context: "this is an American story about civil rights"
Dale Minami Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-141-27)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-141-27)
First impressions of Fred Korematsu; Fred's initial concern over the legal team's youth, lack of experience
Dale Minami Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-141-40)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-141-40)
The government's repeated attempts to delay Korematsu's coram nobis case
Dale Minami Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-141-39)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-141-39)
Hearing on the petition before Judge Marilyn Hall Patel; writing the argument to be presented the following day
Dale Minami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-141-42)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-141-42)
Impact of the Korematsu coram nobis case, historically and personally
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-127-21)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-127-21)
Judge Patel vacates Fred Korematsu's forty-year-old conviction; reaction to Judge Patel's opinion: "I just felt overjoyed at what had happened"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
Discovering the "smoking gun": evidence of government misconduct in the "internment cases"
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
Volunteering to testify before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians; assembling legal team, contacting Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Min Yasui
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-127-19)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-127-19)
Facing resistance and hostility from the government's attorney, Victor Stone
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-127-20)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-127-20)
An emotional hearing: Fred Korematsu makes a "powerful" statement in court
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