Fred Korematsu

Fred Korematsu was a welder who lost his job after the attack on Pearl Harbor when the Boilermakers Union expelled all Japanese American members. Korematsu decided to resist the mass removal orders, and planned to leave the state. On May 30, 1942, Korematsu was arrested for violating the exclusion order after failing to report to Tanforan Assembly Center. When Korematsu was contacted by an ACLU lawyer looking for a test case, he decided to fight the evacuation order. Korematsu lost his Supreme Court case in 1944. In the early 1980s, his case was reopened after the discovery of a crucial document indicating that in the original 1944 case, the federal government had lied to the high court. The conviction was vacated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in 1983.

Fred Korematsu (77)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Ernest Besig, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu, Edward L. Parsons, Marilyn Hall Patel, A.L. Wirin

77 items
Amicus brief filed in the Korematsu case (ddr-densho-35-428)
doc Amicus brief filed in the Korematsu case (ddr-densho-35-428)
Amicus Curiae brief filed on behalf of the states of California, Oregon and Washington in the Supreme Court case Korematsu v. United States of America.
Memo to Herbert Wechsler from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-104)
doc Memo to Herbert Wechsler from J.L. Burling (ddr-densho-67-104)
Memo to Herbert Wechsler from J.L. Burling protesting the way the War Department portrayed DeWitt's Final Report in the Korematsu brief. The Justice Department thinks a clear stance on the falsity of the report should be made. Burling suggests that the War Department purposely went against the Justice Department concerning the report.
Memo from John Burling to Philip Glick (ddr-densho-67-116)
doc Memo from John Burling to Philip Glick (ddr-densho-67-116)
Memo from John Burling to Philip Glick on a WRA memo called "validity of detention." Burling critiques the WRA memo -- written in connection to the Korematsu brief -- because of its reliance on DeWitt's Final Report. States that it is also based on heresay and rumors that were never proved to be true, such as fifth ...
Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-1-6)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1012-1-6)
Being sent to an assembly center after hearing (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-8-1)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-8-1)
Fred Korematsu's decision to bring the coram nobis case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations ...

Dale Minami Interview II Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-7-3)
vh Dale Minami Interview II Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-7-3)
Fred Korematsu's motivations for resisting the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-181-9)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-181-9)
Looking back on legal challenges: "I feel that a wrong has righted"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-181-3)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-181-3)
Thoughts on being arrested: "I figured it was unconstitutional what they were doing"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Dale Minami Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-141-40)
vh Dale Minami Interview Segment 40 (ddr-densho-1000-141-40)
The government's repeated attempts to delay Korematsu's coram nobis case
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-127-19)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-127-19)
Facing resistance and hostility from the government's attorney, Victor Stone
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-127-20)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-127-20)
An emotional hearing: Fred Korematsu makes a "powerful" statement in court
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-113-35)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-113-35)
Supportive Japanese American community provides financial and emotional support for legal team and also appreciation for long-awaited vindication
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 67, No. 25 (December 20-27, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 67, No. 25 (December 20-27, 1968) (ddr-pc-40-51)
Selected article titles: "In Honor of Pioneers from Japan to America" (p. 1), "The Sorry Memory: More Are Questioning the Constitutionality of Korematsu Case -- Low Point in U.S. History for Japanese Americans" (p. 2), "Political Behavior of Issei and Nisei" (p. 2), "How Japanese Are the Japanese Americans?" (p. 21), "Hayakawa 'hottest' Issue in S ...
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-14-1)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-14-1)
Initial reaction to the government's request to vacate Fred Korematsu's conviction (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and ...

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-14-2)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-14-2)
Moving forward with Fred Korematsu's coram nobis petition (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
The media's reaction to the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
Fred Korematsu's refusal to accept a presidential pardon (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Peter Irons Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-16-7)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-16-7)
Fred Korematsu's arrest for resisting the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Peter Irons Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-16-11)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-16-11)
Uncovering proof of suppression of evidence in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations ...

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
Finding out about losing Supreme Court case: "I was upset"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

API