Fred Korematsu

Fred Korematsu was a welder who lost his job after the attack on Pearl Harbor when the Boilermakers Union expelled all Japanese American members. Korematsu decided to resist the mass removal orders, and planned to leave the state. On May 30, 1942, Korematsu was arrested for violating the exclusion order after failing to report to Tanforan Assembly Center. When Korematsu was contacted by an ACLU lawyer looking for a test case, he decided to fight the evacuation order. Korematsu lost his Supreme Court case in 1944. In the early 1980s, his case was reopened after the discovery of a crucial document indicating that in the original 1944 case, the federal government had lied to the high court. The conviction was vacated by U.S. District Judge Marilyn Hall Patel in 1983.

World War II (13)
Resistance and dissidence (10)
Supreme Court cases (10)
Fred Korematsu (75)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Ernest Besig, Final Report, Japanese Evacuation from the West Coast, 1942 (book), Korematsu v. United States, Fred Korematsu, Edward L. Parsons, Marilyn Hall Patel, A.L. Wirin

75 items
Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-1-11)
vh Fred Korematsu Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-1-11)
Looking back on wartime decisions (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are ...

Dale Minami Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-7-2)
vh Dale Minami Interview II Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-7-2)
Description of Fred Korematsu (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those ...

Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-127-14)
Volunteering to testify before the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians; assembling legal team, contacting Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Min Yasui
Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
vh Peter Irons Interview II Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-127-12)
Discovering the "smoking gun": evidence of government misconduct in the "internment cases"
Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-181-8)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-181-8)
Children find out about World War II case in school

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-181-16)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-181-16)
Raising children, talking with them about Fred's case

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-113-38)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-113-38)
Lessons learned from work on Korematsu: critical perspective of the law, value of coalition work, and importance of being a good lawyer
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-113-30)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-113-30)
Formation of the original legal team, "a very personal case to all of us"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-113-29)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-113-29)
Taking on the case with optimism, "We had no idea what we were getting into"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-113-25)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-113-25)
Explanation of Korematsu v. US (1944), and of new, powerful evidence instigating the reopening of the case
Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1012-6-3)
The media's reaction to the Korematsu decision (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
vh Dale Minami Interview I Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1012-6-4)
Fred Korematsu's refusal to accept a presidential pardon (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Peter Irons Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-16-11)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1012-16-11)
Uncovering proof of suppression of evidence in the Korematsu case (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations ...

Peter Irons Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-16-7)
vh Peter Irons Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1012-16-7)
Fred Korematsu's arrest for resisting the curfew (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in ...

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-14-2)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1012-14-2)
Moving forward with Fred Korematsu's coram nobis petition (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed ...

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-14-1)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 1 (ddr-densho-1012-14-1)
Initial reaction to the government's request to vacate Fred Korematsu's conviction (audio only)

This interview is audio-only. It contains raw footage used by Steven Okazaki in his 1985 film Unfinished Business.

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and ...

Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-113-27)
Explanation of legal procedure used in reopening case, writ of error coram nobis, assessing the risks, and support from the community
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-113-34)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-113-34)
Government offers a pardon, Fred Korematsu stands firm and refuses to accept: "Why should I accept a pardon? ... I should be pardoning the government"
Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
vh Lorraine Bannai Interview Segment 37 (ddr-densho-1000-113-37)
Finally vindicated: a victory for Fred Korematsu, the legal team, and the entire Japanese American community
Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
vh Fred Korematsu - Kathryn Korematsu Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-181-5)
Finding out about losing Supreme Court case: "I was upset"

Due to technical difficulties and conditions at the time of taping, there is loud background noise in this interview.

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