Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

World War II (66)
Leaving camp (128)
Returning home (941)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

941 items
Saka Tanaka (ddr-csujad-8-73)
doc Saka Tanaka (ddr-csujad-8-73)
Oral history interview with Saka Tanaka. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Tanaka, Saka
Chiyeno Shimaji (ddr-csujad-8-62)
doc Chiyeno Shimaji (ddr-csujad-8-62)
Oral history interview with Chiyeno [Chieno] Shimaji. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Shimaji, Chiyeno
Teruye Ogawa (ddr-csujad-8-55)
doc Teruye Ogawa (ddr-csujad-8-55)
Oral history interview with Teruye [Terue] Ogawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ogawa, Teruye
Hatsu Mochizuki (ddr-csujad-8-92)
doc Hatsu Mochizuki (ddr-csujad-8-92)
Oral history interview with Hatsu Mochizuki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Mochizuki, Hatsu
Naoichi Shohara (ddr-csujad-8-64)
doc Naoichi Shohara (ddr-csujad-8-64)
Oral history interview with Naoichi Shohara. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Shohara, Naoichi
Tomoko Konishi (ddr-csujad-8-29)
doc Tomoko Konishi (ddr-csujad-8-29)
Oral history interview with Tomoko Konishi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Konishi, Tomoko
Kazuye Matsunaga (ddr-csujad-8-38)
doc Kazuye Matsunaga (ddr-csujad-8-38)
Oral history interview with Kazuye [Kazue] Matsunaga. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Matsunaga, Kazuye
Hideichi and Masako Yamane (ddr-csujad-8-84)
doc Hideichi and Masako Yamane (ddr-csujad-8-84)
Oral history interview with Hideichi and Masako Yamane. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Yamane, Hideichi and Masako
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda (ddr-csujad-29-56)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda (ddr-csujad-29-56)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation …
Letter from Ayame Okine to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, December 13, 1945 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-112)
doc Letter from Ayame Okine to Mr. and Mrs. Okine, December 13, 1945 [in Japanese] (ddr-csujad-5-112)
Ayame Okine writes from Bartlett, Illinois, to her parents-in-law, Seiichi and Tomeyo Okine in Hawthorne, California. She states that she is glad to hear that they have returned to California safely and would be able to spend winter holidays at home. She also describes the Japanese community in Chicago, making mochi for new year's day. The …
Letter from Corine Key, Relocation Adviser, Rohwer Relocation Center, to Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director, November 1, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-97)
doc Letter from Corine Key, Relocation Adviser, Rohwer Relocation Center, to Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director, November 1, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-97)
A letter from Corine Key, Relocation Advisor at the Rohwer incarceration camp to Federal Federal Public Housing Authority Project Director in Long Beach, California. It certifies that the Okines are eligible for federal housing on the basis of their sons' service with the U.S. Army. Enclosed with other items: csudh_oki_0099, csudh_oki_0100, and csudh_oki_0101. See this object …
G.D. Holmquist Contract Housing Manager terms and conditions of occupancy (ddr-csujad-5-100)
doc G.D. Holmquist Contract Housing Manager terms and conditions of occupancy (ddr-csujad-5-100)
Terms and conditions of occupancy issued by G.D. Holmquist Contract Housing Manager. Enclosed with the letter (csudh_oki_0098). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_30_004
Japanese address-book, L.A., Cal. 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-296)
doc Japanese address-book, L.A., Cal. 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-296)
A directory compiled by Roy Tazawa in 1945. It lists addresses of the Japanese and Japanese Americans who returned to Los Angeles, California after the forced evacuation and incarceration. It also includes Japanese American business guide and advertisements. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_03_33_001
[Travel permit] (ddr-csujad-5-99)
doc [Travel permit] (ddr-csujad-5-99)
A travel permit issued by Leave Officer of "Rohwer Relocation Center." It certifies that Tomeyo Okine is permitted to leave for Long Beach, California with the permission of the United States Attorney. Enclosed with the letter (csudh_oki_0098). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_30_003
War Relocation Authority Evacuation Property Office receipt (ddr-csujad-5-193)
doc War Relocation Authority Evacuation Property Office receipt (ddr-csujad-5-193)
A receipt issued by War Relocation Authority Evacuation Property Office for Seiichi Okine's belongings, listing "5 cartons, 3 trunks, 2 bundles." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_02_37_001
[Travel permit] (ddr-csujad-5-98)
doc [Travel permit] (ddr-csujad-5-98)
A travel permit issued by Leave Officer of "Rohwer Relocation Center." It certifies that Seiichi Okine is permitted to leave for Long Beach, California with the permission of the United States Attorney. Enclosed with the letter (csudh_oki_0098). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_30_002
George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
doc George and Jean Abe interview (ddr-csujad-6-1)
Oral history interview with George and Jean Abe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_ABE_GEORGE_AND_JEAN
Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
doc Sam Maeda interview (ddr-csujad-6-18)
Oral history interview with Sam Maeda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MAEDA_SAM
Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
doc Dr. Frank Nishio interview (ddr-csujad-6-26)
Oral history interview with Dr. Frank Nishio. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_NISHIO_FRANK
Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
doc Mamoru Masuda interview (ddr-csujad-6-21)
Oral history interview with Mamoru Masuda. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASUDA_MAMORU
Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
doc Fred Hashimoto interview (ddr-csujad-6-4)
Oral history interview with Fred Hashimoto. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_HASHIMOTO_FRED
Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
doc Izumi Taniguchi interview (ddr-csujad-6-31)
Oral history interview with Izumi Taniguchi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIGUCHI_IZUMI
Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
doc Dr. Kikuo H. Taira (ddr-csujad-8-70)
Oral history interview with Dr. Kikuo H. Taira. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Taira, Dr Kikuo
Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
doc Dr. George Suda (ddr-csujad-8-65)
Oral history interview with Dr. George Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Dr George
Mr. Kazuo Hiyama (ddr-csujad-8-22)
doc Mr. Kazuo Hiyama (ddr-csujad-8-22)
Oral history interview with Mr. Kazuo Hiyama. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hiyama, Mr Kazuo
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