Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

911 items
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-277)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-277)
Black and white photographic negative of two lines of Obon dancers performing an Odori folk dance. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Nisei Duet (ddr-one-1-342)
img Nisei Duet (ddr-one-1-342)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified Nisei women singing next to a piano. This photograph may have been taken during the Northwest Methodist Rally.
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Bingo Table (ddr-one-1-108)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Bingo Table (ddr-one-1-108)
Black and white photographic negative of a group of people playing bingo at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. Sitting left to right: unidentified, Shig Yuzuriha, Shiz (Fujita) Inaba, Lily (Tsujimura) Hongo Fujita, remaining unidentified. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4948 (ddr-one-1-719)
Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-283)
img Obon Festival- Dancer (ddr-one-1-283)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified Obon dancer posing for the camera at Obon. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Obon dancers (ddr-one-1-212)
img Obon Festival- Obon dancers (ddr-one-1-212)
Black and white photographic negative of four Obon dancers posed for the camera in front of a crowd. From left to right: Chieko Yoshihara, Hisano Sakamoto, Sakae Kobayashi, and Kaoru Funatake. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-260)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-260)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in three partial circles with audience enclosing dancers. Photograph is taken from behind the audience. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Leopard horse and rider (ddr-one-1-534)
img Leopard horse and rider (ddr-one-1-534)
A color slide of an unidentified rider in a pink shirt and white pants riding on a black and white leopard horse in the Portland Rose Festival Parade. The horse has a black saddle and red reins. The horse and rider are posed in front of a crowd outside the Blue Eagle Cafe on the corner ...
Reed College (ddr-one-1-354)
img Reed College (ddr-one-1-354)
Black and white photographic negative of Carlos Ogimi and other students sitting at drawing table working on an unknown project. Carlos is the first seated student on the right, everyone else is unidentified. This photographic negative was most likely taken at Reed College where Carlos was a student.
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 35 (August 31, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-83)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 35 (August 31, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-83)
Selected article titles: "Less Work: Tule to Go on 40-Hour Work Week from Sept. 9" (p. 1), "Ration-Free Shoes May Be Available" (p. 1), "Return of Evacuees Topic of Renton, Wash. Meeting" (p. 3), and "Survey Shows Many Tuleans Now in Sacramento Area" (p. 4).
A woman at Renton housing (ddr-densho-328-36)
img A woman at Renton housing (ddr-densho-328-36)
Caption in album: "Renton Housing / Seattle '46 / Miyeko Yoshimoto."
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (January 14, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-40)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (January 14, 1945) (ddr-janm-1-40)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (January 14, 1945). Envelope is postmarked January 14, 1945 from Minneapolis, Minnesota. "Via air mail" is written boldly on the envelope.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 19, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-67)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 19, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-67)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (December 19, 1944). Envelope is postmarked December 19, 1944 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter to a Nisei man from his sister (ddr-densho-153-128)
doc Letter to a Nisei man from his sister (ddr-densho-153-128)
Excerpt: "Thanks for your letters. It sure sounds like the army life is teaching you quite a few things." Sent from Manzanar concentration camp, California, possibly to Camp Robinson, Arkansas.
Yaeko Yoshihara Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1001-17-7)
vh Yaeko Yoshihara Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1001-17-7)
Leaving camp and returning home to Bainbridge Island

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Mika Hiuga Interview Segment 22 (ddr-one-7-37-22)
vh Mika Hiuga Interview Segment 22 (ddr-one-7-37-22)
Encountering discrimination after returning home after the war

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Alice Matsumoto Ando Interview Segment 7 (ddr-one-7-73-7)
vh Alice Matsumoto Ando Interview Segment 7 (ddr-one-7-73-7)
Returning home and opening a new hotel

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

George Azumano Interview Segment 21 (ddr-one-7-32-21)
vh George Azumano Interview Segment 21 (ddr-one-7-32-21)
Returning to Portland

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Masako Yoshida Interview Segment 24 (ddr-manz-1-153-24)
vh Masako Yoshida Interview Segment 24 (ddr-manz-1-153-24)
Returning to California to raise a family, facing discrimination
Ayako Murakami - Masako Murakami Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-63-22)
vh Ayako Murakami - Masako Murakami Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-63-22)
Returning to Seattle after World War II, reopening the family business
Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-98-25)
vh Shigeko Sese Uno Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-98-25)
Opening an ice creamery, a community hub in Seattle's International District
Yasashi Ichikawa Interview II Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-112-28)
vh Yasashi Ichikawa Interview II Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-112-28)
Experiencing hardship, rebuilding the Seattle Buddhist Temple and community (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview.

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