Returning home

When the camps closed, Japanese Americans were handed $25 and put on trains headed for the places they had been forcibly removed from nearly four years earlier. Harassment was common -- many returning Japanese Americans were greeted with signs reading "No Japs Allowed." Other discovered their property had been vandalized or stolen. Homes and businesses that had been boarded up or left in the care of others were abandoned and stripped of furnishings and goods. For the majority, who did not have homes to return to, housing was the most serious problem. Housing discrimination was severe in many areas and persisted to varying degrees until the civil rights legislation of the 1960s. Former camp inmates with no other options moved into hostels and converted community institutions with conditions not much better than the camps they had just left. Although this period was stressful, it is remembered as a time when people came together to share what they had.

Returning home (911)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Alien land laws, Hood River incident, Kazuo Masuda, Return to West Coast

911 items
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-222)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-222)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing in front of a large crowd. Obon dancers left line: Tomi Tsujimura and Yukiye Itoyama. Obon dancers right line: Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando and Atsuko "Alice" Kida. All others unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-278)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-278)
Black and white photographic negative of three Obon dancers smiling for the camera. From left to right: Beti ann (Minamoto) Wantroba, Nami (Miura) Koida, and Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-208)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-208)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers in front of crowd. Obon dancers inner circle from front to back: Tomi Tsujimura, Shizuko "Shiz" (Ninomiya) Onishi, and Mr. Tsujimura. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-247)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-247)
Black and white photographic negative of three Japanese American women posing in costumes used to dance during Obon. They are holding tenugui (towels used in traditional Japanese folk dance). From left to right: Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, Atsuko "Alice" Kida. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 38
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 38 "Alice in Wonderland" (ddr-one-1-463)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 38 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel. The float contains a depiction of Alice from "Alice in Wonderland" wearing blue dress with a white apron made from flowers. Sitting on the float in front of Alice next to a yellow sign with ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 21
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 21 "Assoc. Restaurants of Oregon" (ddr-one-1-538)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 21 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Blue Eagle Café on the corner of NW Second Ave. The float has two women and one man riding on it waving at the crowd. The float is made of white flowers and green foliage. On the ...
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Roulette Table (ddr-one-1-107)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar- Roulette Table (ddr-one-1-107)
Black and white photographic negative of a crowd playing Roulette at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4947 (ddr-one-1-718)
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-414)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet (ddr-one-1-414)
Black and white photographic negative of guests at the Northwest Buddhist Convention banquet dinner in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church. Sitting on the far left is Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki.
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 24
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 24 "Big Top" (ddr-one-1-134)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 24 driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside W.L. Reid Company Building Hardware Specialties. The float has a circus theme with a clown riding backwards on a donkey made of brown and yellow flowers, with two women dressed in blue sitting on tight ropes, and a ...
Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-300)
img Obon Festival Dance Rehearsal (ddr-one-1-300)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers practicing an Odori folk dance inside Norse Hall in Northeast Portland. From left to right male Obon dancers: Hiro Okayama, Mr. Tsujimura, Kenneth Yasutome, Yonezo Fujii, and unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float "Retail Trade Bureau" (ddr-one-1-474)
Color slide of a Rose Festival Parade float driving down W Burnside in front of a crowd gathered outside the Noon Bag Company building. The side of the float reads "Retail Trade Bureau." Four riders sit inside a carriage made of red and yellow flowers pulled by two horses made of black flowers over snow made ...
Dance (ddr-one-1-98)
img Dance (ddr-one-1-98)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified couples dancing together at an informal dance, possibly a Sorelles (a high school social group) event.
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-239)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-239)
Black and white photographic negative of six Obon dancers posing for the camera with arms outstretched wearing straw hats. From left to right: Shizuko "Shiz" (Ochiai) Ota Okazaki, Jean (Tsujimura) Takashima, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, and Eddie Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church ...
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-272)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-272)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers performing in front of crowd. Man on far right identified as Tom Shigeto Tamiyasu. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar (ddr-one-1-110)
img Oregon Buddhist Church Annual Lotus Bazaar (ddr-one-1-110)
Black and white photographic negative of the game booths and crowd at the Oregon Buddhist Church's Annual Lotus Bazaar. The Oregon Buddhist Church is now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple. For print please see ONLC 4945 (ddr-one-1-716)
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-228)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-228)
Black and white photographic negative of five Obon dancers performing in front of a crowd that is partially enclosing them. Dancers from left to right: Joe Shiraishi, Harue Akiyama, Jean Yasuko (Kida) Tomita, and Thomas "Tom" Honma. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended ...
Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couple seated (ddr-one-1-123)
img Third Annual Oregon Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance- Couple seated (ddr-one-1-123)
Black and white photographic negative of couple sitting around a table at the Third Annual Nisei Bowling League Tournament Dance at McElroy's Ballroom in Portland, Oregon. The couple is posing for the camera, a second woman is sitting on the far right. From left to right: Lolita (Leo) Sakamoto Tsujimura, Bob Luck and Doris Chan. Original ...
Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-23)
img Sorelles Group Photo (ddr-one-1-23)
Original black and white photographic print of the Sorelles, a high school social group. Back Row (left to right): Elsie Okazaki, Agnes (Inouye) Kitayama, Atsuko "Alice" Kida, Atsuko "Alice" (Matsumoto) Ando, Nami (Miura) Koida, Kimi Wakabayashi, Grace Mieko (Muramatsu) Ouchida, Masae "Elsie" (Morita) Onishi, and Betty Nakashimada. Middle Row (left to right): Rose Haruye (Muramatsu) Ouchida, ...
Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-252)
img Obon Festival- Dancers (ddr-one-1-252)
Black and white photographic negative of nine Obon dancers posing for the camera. From left to right: unidentified, Kuni Kitayama, Sakae Kobayashi, Hisako (Onishi) Saito, Hisano Sakamoto, unidentified, Tomi Tsujimura, Yoshino Fujii, unidentified. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei ...
Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-72)
img Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-72)
Color slide of two women posing in kimonos and straw hats at Odori (traditional Japanese folk dance). From left to right: Ruth Saito and Grace (Tachibana) Ishikawa.
Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet- Dining Room set-up (ddr-one-1-427)
img Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet- Dining Room set-up (ddr-one-1-427)
Black and white photographic negative of two unidentified women setting banquet tables in the basement of the Seattle Buddhist Church for the Northwest Buddhist Convention Banquet. Striped flag and a flag with the Wheel of Dharma are visible hanging in the background.
Obon Festival- Obon dancers (ddr-one-1-211)
img Obon Festival- Obon dancers (ddr-one-1-211)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers waving small Japanese and American flags for the camera in front of a crowd. From left to right: Kuni Kitayama, Chieko Yoshihara, Sakae Kobayashi, Hisano Sakamoto, Kaoru Funatake. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by ...
Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 42 (ddr-one-1-167)
img Portland Rose Festival Parade- float 42 (ddr-one-1-167)
Color slide of Rose Festival Parade float 42 going down W Burnside in front of a crowd outside the Shoreline Hotel and Cafe. The float has a small pink elephant sitting on its hind legs with two men sitting in front. The float is pulled by a team of Shetland ponies. The Rose Festival Parade is ...
Boy Scouts (ddr-one-1-91)
img Boy Scouts (ddr-one-1-91)
Black and white photographic negative of an unidentified boy scout troop at Obon Festival. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community.
Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-210)
img Obon Festival- Odori folk dance (ddr-one-1-210)
Black and white photographic negative of Obon dancers wearing straw hats in front of large crowd. Obon is an annual event hosted by the Oregon Buddhist Church (now known as Oregon Buddhist Temple) and attended by the wider Nikkei community. This image was taken at Holladay Park in Portland, Oregon.
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