Tazuma Collection ddr-densho-23
doc Japanese passport (ddr-densho-23-5)
English and French translations of the Japanese passport belonging to Bunshiro Tazuma. The Issei, mostly young Japanese males, began immigrating to the United States in the late 1800s. Many were farmers or students with dreams of returning to Japan after making their fortunes in America. The vast majority never realized this dream.
doc Alien certificate of identification (ddr-densho-23-8)
After the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Issei were required to carry identification documents because of their alien status. (Issei were barred from becoming naturalized citizens until 1952.) This document belonged to Bunshiro Tazuma, a permanent resident of Seattle since 1917. The identification certificate was the same size as an American passport and …
doc Immigrant inspection card (ddr-densho-23-12)
Immigrants were required by the Immigration and Naturalization Service to carry an inspection card. During their voyage from Japan, Issei were checked daily to ensure that they were not carrying communicable diseases (see bottom portion of first page). Information from the card indicates that the steamship voyage from Japan took approximately eighteen days. This card belonged …
doc Medical inspection card (ddr-densho-23-14)
Bunshiro Tazuma was a longtime Seattle resident and the owner of the Tazuma Ten-Cent Store in Seattle's Nihonmachi. In 1917, he immigrated to Seattle and became a permanent resident. (From 1908 to 1914, he had worked in Montana.) The Issei were required to carry medical inspection cards in conjunction with several other documents to show that …
doc Naturalization certificate (ddr-densho-23-15)
Certificate of naturalization for Bunshiro Tazuma, aged seventy. The landmark case Ozawa v. United States (United States Supreme Court, 1922) barred the Issei from becoming American citizens even though many had been permanent residents since the late 1800s. In 1952, the Immigration and Nationality Act was passed, and the Issei were finally allowed to become citizens.
doc Naturalization certificate (ddr-densho-23-16)
Sawano Tazuma and her husband Bunshiro operated the Tazuma Ten-Cent Store at 12th Avenue and Jackson Street in Seattle's Nihonmachi. The Tazumas were not allowed to become naturalized American citizens until 1952, when the Immigration and Nationality Act was passed. Sawano finally became a citizen in 1954 at the age of fifty-eight, thirty-five years after settling …
img Football team (ddr-densho-23-17)
Organized sports such as baseball and football were important for the Japanese American community because they encouraged cohesiveness. Teams composed entirely of Nisei competed against one another. Several Nisei sports leagues were formed in the 1930s. Front (left to right): Torazo Hikida, Ken Shimbo, George Ishii, Jackson Sonada, Genji Nishimura (holding football), "Nap" Nishisaka, Fred Kosaka, …