Community responses to resistance

In December 1947, President Truman pardoned all wartime draft resisters, including Nisei from the concentration camps. The pardon removed the criminal convictions from the resisters' records. However, other Japanese Americans, including some U.S. Army veterans and leaders of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), continued to label resisters as disloyal, unpatriotic, cowardly "draft dodgers." Some Japanese Americans blamed the resisters for increasing the public's negative attitudes toward people of Japanese ancestry. These consequences affected many resisters for the rest of their lives. Despite an official JACL apology to the resisters in 2000, many Japanese American veterans' groups and others continue to harbor negative feelings toward the resisters. Legacies of the World War II ostracism of resisters contribute to ongoing division within Japanese American communities.

World War II (215)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Community responses to resistance (59)

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59 items
Francis Mas Fukuhara Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-9-24)
vh Francis Mas Fukuhara Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-9-24)
Thoughts on the Japanese American Citizens League's handling of the draft resisters issue
Francis Mas Fukuhara Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-9-26)
vh Francis Mas Fukuhara Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-9-26)
A veteran's perspective on the World War II resisters of conscience
Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-278-30)
vh Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-278-30)
Thoughts on the Japanese American Citizens League's actions toward draft resisters: "I think that was kind of appalling"

Due to technical difficulties during the taping of this interview, the interviewer's voice is considerably louder than the narrator's. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. …

Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-278-29)
vh Harry K. Yoshikawa Interview Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-278-29)
Talking more openly about wartime draft resistance

Due to technical difficulties during the taping of this interview, the interviewer's voice is considerably louder than the narrator's. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material …

Tom Akashi Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-164-39)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 39 (ddr-densho-1000-164-39)
Observing mother's peers turning against her after her husband's arrest and removal from Tule Lake
Satsuki Ina Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-474-7)
vh Satsuki Ina Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-474-7)
Community response to film about parents' wartime experiences
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