Community responses to resistance

In December 1947, President Truman pardoned all wartime draft resisters, including Nisei from the concentration camps. The pardon removed the criminal convictions from the resisters' records. However, other Japanese Americans, including some U.S. Army veterans and leaders of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), continued to label resisters as disloyal, unpatriotic, cowardly "draft dodgers." Some Japanese Americans blamed the resisters for increasing the public's negative attitudes toward people of Japanese ancestry. These consequences affected many resisters for the rest of their lives. Despite an official JACL apology to the resisters in 2000, many Japanese American veterans' groups and others continue to harbor negative feelings toward the resisters. Legacies of the World War II ostracism of resisters contribute to ongoing division within Japanese American communities.

World War II (215)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Community responses to resistance (59)

59 items
James Omura Interview I Segment 21 (ddr-densho-122-4-21)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 21 (ddr-densho-122-4-21)
Thoughts on the JACL's passage of a resolution to acknowledge the loyalty of the wartime draft resisters

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection …

James Omura Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-122-4-19)
vh James Omura Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-122-4-19)
Accusations of disloyalty by the Japanese American Citizens League

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing …

Bill Hosokawa Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-26-5)
vh Bill Hosokawa Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-26-5)
Belief that the actions of the World War II draft resisters "endangered a lot of other people"
Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-18-3)
vh Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-122-18-3)
As national director of the JACL, attempting to bridge the gap with resisters, and turn the JACL into a civil rights organization

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, …

Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-18-5)
vh Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-122-18-5)
Thoughts on the JACL's inability to apologize to the resisters

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily …

Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-18-7)
vh Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-122-18-7)
Thoughts on the courage of the resisters; the resisters' mistreatment postwar by the Japanese American community

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are …

Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-18-10)
vh Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-18-10)
The attitude of some Japanese Americans to the resisters: "they're unwilling to find the forgiveness in their hearts"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this …

Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-18-2)
vh Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 2 (ddr-densho-122-18-2)
Frustration with the JACL's "denial" regarding apologizing to the World War II resisters of conscience

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically …

Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-18-8)
vh Randy Senzaki Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-122-18-8)
Description of resisters' panel at the Salt Lake City National JACL convention

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, …

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